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A STORY OF THE 

CANzVDIAN RED CROSS INFORMATION BUREAU 

DURING THE GREAT WAR. 



TOLD BY 

lONA K. CARR, 

One of the Workers. 



HV 




FOREWORD. 



More than ten years have passed since the Bureau closed. 

When Peace came we were scattered to our various homes 
and in order that the world mi<;ht as soon as possible return to 
the normal the necessity was laid on us to live our daily lives 
almost as if nothino; had happened, as if those live years had 
been but a traffic interlude unrelated to what went before or 
followed after, or even as the substance of a dream — a dream of 
impossible contradictions, as all dreams are, of things noble 
and exalted, of things mad and monstrous and distorted from 
which mankind had at last awaked. But we know, who worked 
together through those years of splendour and ot pain, we 
know that never did we come into such close touch with reality 
as in those )'ears, and the mark and the memory ot them are 
forever ours. 

One of us, Mrs. Carr, has written the story of the Bureau, 
written it in such detail that it could almost be reconstructed 
from her pages and at the same time has so caught and trans- 
mitted its spirit that as we read w^e live it all again. 1 think 
that a number of those who worked for the Bureau might be 
glad to have this record but the w^orkers are widely scattered, 
names and addresses have changed, and it would be difficult 
to form an estimate of the probable demand, should it be 
placed on sale. For these and other reasons there has been 
issued for the present a very limited number of copies, which 
will be for private circulation. 



It is possible that some will read the story who were not 
with us. For their information it should be said that the 
Bureau was only a " bit " of the work carried on by the Canadian 
Red Cross Society during the War. It had nothing to do, for 
instance, with the provision, equipment and control of hospitals, 
nor with the mass distribution of supplies. These were the 
concern of the C.A.M.C. and of the Canadian Red Cross Society 
through its Commissioners in England and in France. The 
distinctive work of the Bureau was that it supplied the personal 
touch so necessarily lacking in the awful business of war, when 
the individual is merged in the mass and known by a number. 
Its objectives, on the one hand, were our wounded soldiers in 
hospital, on the other, their next of kin across the sea. In so far 
as it brought solace to these, the sense of one who cared, its 
prayer was answered, its purpose accomplished, and those who 
were privileged to share in its ministry say from their hearts — 
Thank God. 

Mrs. Carr has written, with the enthusiasm of one who 
worked at the Bureau, -Xhat the thought and inspiration wxre 
mine. Truly the thought and wish were in my heart as I stood 
on the shore at Quebec to see the lirst Canadian Contingent sail 
aw^ay — fearful, some of them, rot of the perils they went to 
meet, but lest the battle should be over before they had had a 
chance to prove their mettle and bring honour to their country's 
name. I think many of the wives and mothers who waved 
'' Farewell " from the shore, forcing the brave semblance of a 
smile, must have had the longing to go too, that so they might 
be near their men in the hour of trial, that so they might mother 
not only their own but all who were destined to sufler in the 
Great War. But for women as for men it had to be, so far as 
possible, " business as usual," and for the great majority of 
women the call was to the ordinary routine of the home — I have 
always felt that theirs was the harder part. 



But whether they went or stayed, all bent their energies 
to the same task. It was Canadians at home who, as one of our 
soldiers wrote us, " made this kindness possible." It was their 
gifts that we passed on, and in what wonderful measure they 
came — sometimes marked for special purposes, oftener just for 
the " comfort fund " — from the many branches of the Canadian 
Red Cross, from LCID.E. Chapters, from the farmers of the 
West, from clubs, societies, and circles all the way from Halifax 
to British Columbia and the Yukon — from the U.S.7\. also, for 
generous cheques came to the Bureau from the Allies Bazaar in 
Boston and from the Women's Canadian Club there (President 
of Club, Mrs. Franklin Walter). Again and again, too, great 
boxes packed with comforts came from Canadian and American 
women in Berkeley, California, while the British Canadian Red 
Cross of San Juan, Porto Rico (President, Mrs. Fred C. Holmes) 
sent cheques and packages in happy alternation. So, amidst all 
the horrors of war, was there such union of hearts and hands as 
never before. 

Mrs. Carr, in her narrative, has alluded to a few of those 
who individually gave us outstanding help. Let me close with 
a word of thanks to her. 

While we worked in the Bureau there was little time to 
transmit to paper the happenings of a single hour or day, and 
when it closed, when the curtain rang down at last on the 
greatest Drama in the history of the world, and our work — our 
bit of the work to which we had given our heart and soul — 
was no longer required, a silence fell upon many of us. How 
could we talk to the busy world of that manifold experience, a 
world that seemed for a time to be only anxious to forget ? But 
we are glad that Mrs. Carr has written for us of things that 
otherwise would have remained untold and been forgotten. Her 
record has a lively, sometimes a poignant interest for us, and any 
picture of that time will, as the years pass, have a peculiar and 
increasing value. 



It may be that in some far off to-morrow a forgotten copy 
of this volume will come to light in " somebody's drawer " 
which will convey to another generation something of the glory 
and the suffering, the striving and the sacrifice — the hope for 
that we see not — which set forever apart the greatest and most 
terrible years the world has seen. 

JULIA DRUAIMOND. 

Mrs. Carr's address is — 
Cherry Cottage, 

Braywick Road, Maidenhead. 



A PLAIN TyVLE FOR CANADA. 



The Story of the Information Bureau, Overseas, 
Canadian Red Cross Society. 



CHAPTER I. 
How THE Idea was Born. 

" Out from under stars I know not, 
Come they to fight for me 
Sons of the sons I nurtured." 

Lauchlan Maclean Watt. 

On the loth February, 1915, the famous First Canadian 
Contingent landed in France. These men, volunteers w^io had 
rushed eagerly to enlist, fired with the best instincts of manhood, 
sore with anger at a small nation's suffering, proud and confident 
of the honour of the Empire which they asked to serve, had just 
won through a trying apprenticeship to war. During months 
of training, first in Canada and later on the desolate mud flats 
of Salisbury Plain through an inclement English winter, they 
had been held in leash. It was a memorable, unforo-ettable 
winter, that of 1914-15, one of cold, insistent rain that drove 
with icy whips the waterlogged trenches of France and Flanders. 
Listening night after night to the dreary swish on the window 
pane, waking morning after morning to harrowing misery, 
one's heart went out to the men who were so doggedly carrying 
on. Sad news winged its way steadily back from the battlefield, 
and blow after blow fell upon the first fresh enthusiasm that had 
raised the standard of war. Might often seemed greater than 
right, in spite of the firm faith never to forego. 



What wonder, then, that the women who watched and 
prayed and thought through that winter, their vision sharpened 
and made clear by anxiety and terrible knowledge, should 
foresee the day when their men might turn to them, simply, and 
as children to their mothers, for the comfort and solace that are 
the natural outcome of the maternal spark that smoulders in 
every woman's heart, until some torch lights it, above all the 
torch of war ? 

As early as November 1914, Lady Drummond crossed 
from Canada to England, looking for some opportunity to put 
into practice a scheme that was little less than a splendid in- 
spiration. It was her absorbing wish to bring to the lighting 
men of Canada, when they returned from the battle line, sick 
or wounded, some sense of personal interest and sympathy, of 
^individual thought and care. The leaders of a people in times 
of war are forced to look on men merely as units of an army. 
The individual does not exist, unless he may be said to do so as 
a rank or a number. The need for collective strength under 
discipline demands all effacement of personality. But if a rank 
or a number became a broken piece of humanity, sick, wounded, 
or a prisoner in the enemy's hands, then could the women of 
Canada not care for their own — binding up with gentleness and 
sympathy the wounds that the surgeon's skill had cleansed ; 
helping to erase from tortured minds memories of the dread 
fields of dying and the dead ? 

Thousands of miles separated Canadians from their homes, 
and as many miles lay between those home folk and the men 
who were fighting. What anguish this separation, and all its 
dreaded consequences, was bringing to those who were left 
behind, across that wide barrier of ocean ! The secrecy of 
movements of armies, the embargo on information of any kind, 
the fear of losing touch with the son or the husband or the 
lover — such thoughts haunted the minds of men and women in 
those first days of upheaval. Some organisation that would 
establish a link between the wounded man and his home, some 
dependable agency that would think and act for their sick lad, 
not as a soldier, but as a man in need of help and comfort in a 
bad time — this was the vision that haunted the large-hearted 
weaver of plans; and having dreamed, she never let the vision 
go. 

$ 



The Start. 

" O the blest eyes, the happy hearts, 
That see, that know the guiding thread so fine 
Along the mighty labyrinth." 

Walt Whitman. 

For some time she waited. In the bustle of war, womanly 
schemes do not easily gain serious attention, and people then 
were only beginning to suspect in womankind the latent powers 
that later were to be so gloriously proved. But one day the 
necessary authorization came. The Canadian Red Cross 
Society represented in London by Col. Charles Hodgetts, Chief 
Commissioner, approved the plan to establish an Information 
Bureau as one of its activities and Col. Hodgetts, then and 
thereafter its friend, gave Lady Drummond a free hand to 
organize and direct it and left the way open for the widest ex- 
pansion of the work. 

So on mh Fc]:)ruar) , 1915, the day after the First Con- 
tingent landed in France, ilircc ladies were put in possession of a 
couple of rooms in the Canadian Red Cross Society's head- 
quarters in London, at that date 14 Cockspur Street. They 
were Lady Drummond as head and director. Miss Erika Bovey 
and Miss Ermine Taylor, and the alliance was known as the 
Information Department*, Casualties and Prisoners. 

Looking back down the long avenues of memory, more than 
four years of steady and, to the personnel, satisfying work, it is 
amazing to realise how much grew from that modest inaugura- 
tion. One is convinced, by results, how truly that ambition 
was justified ; an ambition at once so great, since it comprised 
so wide a field, and yet so simple, for all it sought was the 
privilege of being a friend to every fighting Canadian, and to 
his people. 

At the front — so it must be — the individual was merged 
in the whole. In this merging by self-forgetfulness he found 
strength, courage and inspiration. But when he should come 
back, wounded, the natural human craving would assert itself, 
and away from his usual environment of home and familiar 
surroundings the sick man would have a desperate craving to be 
of particular interest to Somebody. 

* Afterwards changed to Bureau. 

9 



The Bureau was to be that Somebody, a very particular 
Somebody, to help, comfort, encourage and show him that 
' eager charity that out of difficult ground, springs like flowers 
in barren deserts.' It was to be a voice for those across the 
sea to whom that one man was a more absorbing anxious 
thought than all the world besides. Many men were bound to 
return from the fields of death and glory not only physically 
broken, but sick at heart and despondent, and the best system of 
healing for such could only be some moral influence, sympa- 
thetic and stimulating. 

In grey old London, therefore, on that February day, was 
Y forged the first ' link with home,' as one of the men themselves 
put it, and the Information Bureau came into existence. It says 
much for the clever assembling of ideas among the three who 
first tackled the problem that the scheme of working, in its 
entirety, was never altered from first to last, although it was 
enlarged and greatly expanded. 



CHy\PTER II. 

The System of Work. 

" Take in thy right hand thy banner, a strong staff fit 

for thine hand ; 
Forth at the Hght of it Ufted shall foul things flock 

from the land ; 
Faster than stars from the sun shall they fly, being 



lighter than sand 



Sivinhiirne. 



The first step was the issuing of a Circular dated February 
1915, and headed Canadian Red Cross Society, Information 
Department, 14 Cockspur Street, London, S.W. It said : — 

" February, 191 5. 

" The Canadian Red Cross Society has opened an Informa- 
tion Bureau at its London Office, 14, Cockspur Street, which 
will collect and distribute information concerning the sick, 
wounded, missing and prisoners of the Canadian Expeditionary 
Force. 

10 



" This work will be carried on with the co-operation of the 
Canadian War Contingent Association which has kindly under- 
taken to assist in the arrangements to be made for visiting the 
Hospitals. 

" A large number of voluntary visitors will be enrolled to 
carry out this work, both in the L'nited Kino;dom and abroad. 

" By special arrangement, the Hospitals will at once inform 
the Information Department of the arrival of any sick and 
wounded from the Canadian Contingent, this notification being 
forwarded to it on a distinctive blue postcard furnished by the 
Society. 

" In the case of the missing, inquiries will be made abroad 
through branches of the British Red Cross Society in Paris, 
Rouen, and Boulogne ; in Great Britain and Ireland through 
the Press and other Agencies. The British Red Cross Society 
has kindly undertaken to further these inquiries by adding the 
names of Canadian soldiers who have not been traced, to the 
weekly list of wounded and missing in Wednesday's Moniirig 
Post. 

" By these and other means it is hoped to get into touch 
with the largest possible number, and to bring comfort not only 
to the wounded, but to the relatives from whom they are 
separated. 

D/////?f nf thp. Vis'/fnr^ 

" On receiving an intimation from this Office that a 
Canadian soldier has been admitted to a hospital in her district, 
the Visitor will call and obtain a report of his condition. This 
she will immediately forward to the Information Department 
of the Canadian Red Cross, 14, Cockspur Street, S.W., where 
it will be put on record and communicated to the relatives 
either by letter or by interview. Afterwards, the Visitor will be 
expected to keep this Office informed of the progress of the 
patient by sending in a report at least weekly. Forms and 
stamped envelopes will be provided for this purpose. She will 
notify it of his discharge, will see that he is under favourable 
conditions during convalescence, and will refer to the Depart- 
ment should its assistance or advice be required in such matters 
as Convalescent Homes, etc. 

II 



" The Visitor will be at liberty to write directly to the 
relatives, should this seem desirable, but such correspondence 
must in no case be a substitute for information furnished to the 
Canadian Red Cross Society. 

" The Wednesday edition of the Morning Post will be 
sent to the Visitor, and she may do much to assist in tracing 
the missing, thus reported, through inquiry at Hospitals or 
through conversation with sick and wounded comrades. 

" It is confidently expected that a large number will enrol 
themselves for this service. 

" Note. — It is suggested to Visitors that they keep this 
circular for reference." 

The Morning Post, however, almost coincidently with the 
issue of this circular, was obliged to withdraw the privilege of 
publishing lists of wounded and missing, since the totals, alas ! 
were daily growing larger, and too long a tale for the space that 
was available in a daily sheet. 

About a hundred Visitors responded to the appeal, and 
took up their duties at various Base Hospitals or large centres in 
France and England. 

It was soon evident that the work of the Bureau must be 
many-sided, and that if the w^ar went on it would grow to vast 
proportions. * To fall behind in the day's work would be almost 
fatal, the work of yesterday could not be added to the work of 
to-day. So some hard thinking was given to the system. 
Lady Drummond said afterwards, in " explaining " the Bureau 
to someone, its apparent complexity, its divisions, subdivisions 
and sections — its smooth running withal and the perfect co- 
ordination of all its parts — that the principle on w^hich she had 
acted throughout was that ' responsibility should be so divided 
among the departments, with their several heads, as to secure 
the maximum of interest and efficiency from each ' — that to 
this end she had felt that the largest possible autonomy should 
be given to the several parts and that it was of first consequence 
that she should find suitable and responsible heads. Her choice 
was more than justified. Miss Erica Bovey and Miss Ermine 

* It may not be irrelevant though it is anticipatory to say that in one Section 50,420 
"Permanent Casualties" were recorded from 1013 to the close. P.C.'s meant killed 
and missing, 

13 



Taylor have already been mentioned as having been associated 
with Lady Drummond from the beginning. Miss Erica Bovey, 
Head of the Enquiry Department, had an original and creative 
mind and excelled in details of organization. As the work of 
her Department grew to undreamt of proportions, she divided 
and subdivided it, classifying it in eight sections, each with its 
head, all closely inter-related. She gave the minutest attention 
to detail and seemed to bring down a new idea every morning ! 
She had also a temperament that carried her and others with her 
through times of extraordinary stress. Aliss Ermine Taylor, 
wdth her trained intelligence and power of faithful attachment 
and concentrated effort, was, during her term of service (2i 
years), a valued coadjutor. 

The Bureau was indeed fortunate in its personnel. 
Amongst the first to join it may be mentioned Miss Jean Bovey, 
Mrs. David Eraser, Miss Beatrice Caverhill, Miss Elise Kingman, 
Miss Aimee Kemp, Mrs. Fred Kingston, Miss Helen Francis, 
Miss Mona Prentice, Miss Frances Newton, and Mrs. Cleghorn. 
Miss Jane Fleet tied the first string in the Parcel Department, but 
left shortly to take up nursing in an Anglo-French hospital at 
Arc-en-Barrois. 

Mrs. David Eraser then took over this Department and, 
assisted by Miss Mona Prentice and an ever enlarging staff, 
administered the wonderful and limitless supplies of individual 
comforts from the Canadian Red Cross Society in Canada 
with business efficiency and a love and zeal that never tired. 

There may also be mentioned here, before some attempt is 
made to tell a continuous story, the constant and sympathetic 
interest shown in the work by i>ady Perley, wife of Canada's 
High Commissioner. As Head of the Canadian War Con- 
tingent Association, Lady Perley was already deeply engaged, 
but hardly a day passed without her calling at the Bureau to ask 
what service she could render and she gave it throughout her 
moral and practical support. Those who saw her there will 
remember her " faithful eyes " (x\Ir. Kipling said her eyes were 
faithful like a dog's !), and her cheerful and often humorous 
smile. 

13 



Through Febmaiy and March, 1915, most of the Canadians 
that had returned sick or wounded from the front were men of 
the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, which, it will be 
recollected, went out originally as part of a British Division and 
saw action some months ahead of the first contingent. April 
1915, however, found the Canadians in the second battle of 
Ypres barring the road to Calais, choking and struggling against 
" the pestilence that walketh in darkness," more deadly and 
insidious than any bursting bomb or shell. To the end of time 
there is none of us who can forget the horror of the news of that 
first gas attack by the Hun. The little office of the Bureau was 
flooded daily with a press of poor sad anxious men and women, 
parents, wives, sisters — and friends, too, that the lads with 
their happy frank and responsive natures had made for themselves 
during their training in England. The workers in the Bureau 
had hardly time to breathe or rest for weeks in May and early 
June. They started work at 9 a.m. and often continued till 
midnight in conditions that just then were not unconnected 
with risk. Zeppelin attacks on England were unpleasantly 
frequent, the streets were darkened, the country had not long 
awakened to the danger of spies in its midst and rumours were 
rife that the Tube railway system, that convenient subway for the 
travelling Londoner, was probably mined. All underground 
travelling was forbidden therefore by anxious parents and 
guardians to the personnel of the Bureau. There remained 
omnibuses but these ceased running at night ; sometimes work 
did not. So very often our intrepid little band of Canadian 
women might have been discovered almost feeling their way 
home through the darkened London streets reaching curbs and 
navigating crossings with the help of tiny pocket flash lights, 
any other lamps being by D.O.R.A. forbidden. And when 
they stayed late at the ofiice they almost forgot the necessity for 
meals and fed when and how they could, sometimes persuading 
the caretaker's wife at 14, Cockspur Street, to cook and serve 
them some kind of a scrambled supper. 

The building occupied by the Canadian Red Cross Society 
had been in pre-war days the office of the Hamburg-Amerika 
Steamship Co., and there were whispers of a safe full of gold 
hidden somewhere on the premises, and other uncomfortable 
possibilities. On the front of the building was a large clock 
which, in those days of darkest London, was, of course, never 

14 



illuminated. Judge then, of the Bureau's surprise when, one 
night between 9 and 10, the clock was suddenly discovered to 
be ablaze with light, and a remarkable object in the surrounding 
obscurity. Enquiry among the servants in the building could 
elicit no satisfactory explanation of the circumstances, and the 
police at Scotland Yard were at once communicated with. The 
contacts were cut, and the Hunnish clock shone no more. 

Simple events of those early days of stress and turmoil 
induced one to laughter, often as a relief to unshed tears. 
It was the custom of the workers at the Bureau, when 
the long day of interview and enquiry w^as at an end, to 
settle down to its mass of correspondence, which, as 
midnight approached, would be sealed, stamped and pre- 
pared for the letter box. Climbing to the top of a late-running 
'bus, with her arms full of a huge packet of such communica- 
tions one of the workers felt the string give way. Patter, 
patter, patter went the letters, one after another, falling in a 
white shower through the darkness on to the roadway. At 
midnight, and with bed and supper in view, 'bus conductors, 
even those with kind hearts, are not altogether Samaritans. 
This one reached up for the bell-strap, a tug at which would 
urge his thudding vehicle forward and away. Flis action was 
more than a hint to his wouldbe passenger. If he spoke — and 
Cockneys are by habit loquacious — it was probably something 
after this style : " 'Ere, Miss, 1 reckon you'd better get down 
an' gather up that there mess. 'Ope you'll 'it the box wiv it 
fair an' square next time. Sorry, Aliss. Goo'night ! " 



Miss Erica Bovey, now Mrs. J. G. Frith. 

Miss Ermine Taylor, now Mrs. Geoffrey Evans. 

Miss Beatrice Caverhill, now Mrs. Reginald Geary. 

Miss Aimee Kemp, now Mrs. Cadell. 

Mrs. Fred Kingston, now Mrs. W. G. S. Mitchell. 

Miss Helen Francis, now Mrs. Jeffcott. 

Mrs. Cleghorn — deceased. 

15 



CHAPTER III. 

The Enquiry Department and Its Eight Sections. 

(a) Appoint /i/ent of Visitors, 

(b) Recording of General Casualties. 

(c) Reporting to Relatives of Wounded and Sicl^^, 

(d) Recording Officers' Casualties. 

(e) Officers' Hospitality. 

(f) Verbal Enquiries {various). 

(g) Written Enquiries for Sic\^ and IV^^junded. 
(h) Encjuiries — Killed and Alissing. 

This Department (as has been said) was in charge of Miss 
Erica Bovey, and fell gradually into the above sections. 

There was handed to every wounded Canadian as he 
arrived in hospital either in France or in the United Kingdom a 
blue postcard (suggested by General Sir Alfred Keogh), ready 
stamped and addressed to Lady Drummond. On the reverse 
side it asked him to enter his name, regimental number, rank and 
battalion, the date of his entry into hospital, the address of the 
hospital, and the name and address of his nearest of kin. If 
the man, himself, was too sick to fill in the card some kindly 
nurse or comrade was always ready to do so at his dictation. 
These postcards, when received, would be compared with and 
corroborate the official lists from the Canadian Pay and Record 
Office, the latter furnishing medical details of the nature of the 
casualty. All information thus obtained was then recorded on 
a large card (white for the men, blue for the officers), and the 
card placed alphabetically in the files. From the recording 
room details were furnished to the Parcels Department, which 
would at once see to the despatch of a comfort bag and a card 
of greeting. 

The next step was taken on the arrival of the Hospital 
Visitor's report, on receipt of which the card would be fetched 
from its file, the Visitor's report copied /;; toto, or in substance 
on to it, the entry dated, and the card handed to the head of the 
reporting room, who would then detail some assistant to write 
a letter to the next of kin, basing the information given entirely 
on the entries on the card. Each reporter, before handing back 
the card would initial and date the Visitor's report to indicate 

lb 



that it had been passed on to the relatives, and the mail of that 
evening would carry off to some home in Canada, or elsewhere, 
an unbiased and whenever possible comforting account of the 
health of the wounded man and the condition in which he was 
found by his Visitor. These letters from the Bureau sometimes ) 
arrived at homes in Canada close on the heels of the official 
intelligence of a casualty, and proved, by countless letters 
received by Lady Drummond, to be of the greatest comfort to 
shocked and anxious relatives and friends. 

This, briefly, was the routine and spade work of the Bureau. 
Each Visitor's subsequent report, as it came in, weekly, or in the 
case of convalescents fortnightly, would be added to the card. 
Each reporter would base the written message of comfort or 
congratulation on the entry against the Visitor's name, would 
initial date, and return the card to be filed again. The Parcels 
Department would despatch tobacco, cigarettes, and other 
comforts as requested by the Visitor, the Newspaper Depart- 
ment send Canadian newspapers ; the Drives and Entertainment 
Department bring diversion to the convalescent ; and a Hos- 
pitality Section might arrange for him, if friendless, to spend his 
leave after discharge from hospital, in some kindly English home. 







a/ 3 /y. 







P^Z^ i ^*r T^^Vt) ^^ - "r^. ^ ^-^^*« H^^U^. ToJkjJoS^ 
tr^^tuJuxL u;*^ <ltJo^«^ j:.;.^ «L>;*i^ ^*.*jt. hj^-'v^; c^ «jL^m^ 




1/ /'T'/h^. )i>'/s//y. Jf<ry^y^ ^ ivIX^^^rx.^.^..*.,^ T* <rW>v^ /xo..</^ ^cAu_ 

Facsimile of card giving resume of Visitor's Report. In this case these records 
covered a period of rS months, till the patient was inv^alided to Canada. All the Bureau's 
records are now in the GoAernment Archives at Ottawa. 

17 



But beyond and above all this routine, which in periods 
that followed a course of heavy fighting easily found occupation 
for a staff of 40 to 50 workers for 12 or 14 hours a day, there 
were innumerable enquiries, both verbal and written, which 
called for attention. The following are just a few incidents of 
one day in the office, every Department and Section of the Bureau 
being involved, more or less, in the course of dealing with the 
applicants : — 

" Pte. G. called. Had received letter from him about six 
weeks ago asking if wife and three children could be helped in 
some way to come across. Referred matter to Patriotic Fund, 
Montreal. Heard lately all settled and family to sail shortly. 
Had letter from G. asking if we could get him into Record 
Office — feels quite unlit for active service but cannot get decided 
opinion from Medical Board and may have to return. Sent 
someone over to Capt. S., Record Office, at once — latter said 
G. very nice fellow but at his best highly nervous. Will try 
and get him placed. So when G. called to-day sent him over to 
Record Office at once to Capt. S. who was his Platoon Com- 
mander — satisfactory arrangements will probably be made." 

" Pte. D. called — one leg gone from hip — very depressed. 
No money — did not know how to get any. Just up from 
Shorncliffe where he was discharged to Canada. Knows no 
one here — no money in pocket. Sent him over in Miss S.'s 
car to Pay Office, where he got back pay without difficulty — 
he was then taken to Maple Leaf Club and left there — a happy 
man." 

" Telegram received asking us to meet Pte. G. at King's 
Cross Station at 1.55, and take him somewhere. Very lame 
and still far from well. Arrangements made at Maple Leaf 
Club to give him bed on first floor. Car went to meet him and 
took him to Club. 

" Miss S. and Miss P. will take both the above-mentioned 
lame soldiers a drive through London to-day. One of them 
has expressed a great wish for ' Sight Scening.' " 

" Pte. N. called — four ribs gone — pulled shirt aside and 
shewed great hole in side. A fine spirited fellow from British 
Columbia. Wants to go back and fight again or at least get 
taken on as driver of motor transport. Should the Medical 

18 



Board by ill-luck discharge him to Canada, could we get him a 
three weeks' furlough before sailing ? Will never have a chance 
to see the Old Country again and has been so kindly treated here. 
We asked him to let us know, at once, of medical verdict." 

" Cpl. C. called — -showed evidence that his wife in Canada 
unfaithful. Wife still drawing his assigned pay, the separation 
allowance and help from Patriotic Fund. Sent his story over 
to Pay Office — man to call there and everything will be looked 
into at once and legal advice provided." 

" Letter about Ptc. B. whose mother in Canada has been 
anxiously enquiring for him — tells us that he was cashiered 
from the Army in August and has since been living under an 
assumed name, still in uniform, at a respectable boarding house. 
Told the Proprietress, family well off and she would get fully 
paid. Suddenly disappeared. We at once reported to proper 
quarter and steps being taken to trace him." 

" Pte. L. called — said he had made up his mind that the 
first thing he would do when he arrived on furlough in London, 
would be to come in and thank Miss N. for her letters and 
newspapers which she had sent to him all the time he had been 
in hospital in Dorset — he had received them all regularly and 
they were like a ' breath of home ' to him. 

" Unfortunately Miss N. was away, but we gave hmi tea 
and he went away, after again expressing his thanks and apprecia- 
tion, very cheery and happy, although he ' had missed his train 
by coming in !' " 

(a) .\p point merit of Yi si tors, 

" And one walked by me with unyielding eyes, 
Remembering ever what he would forget, 
The beating of the guns that tale by tale 
Counted out death. 

Gertrude Bond. 

Miss Carrie Holman, the first head of the Visiting Section, 
and a great enthusiast, realised to the full the importance of a 
good Visitor. Visitors were valuable assets to the Department, 
for they were practically the mouthpiece, the eyes and ears of 
the organisation. They could, in a few words of weekly re- 
porting, give a clear, sympathetic and practical description of a 
case, thus helping the Reporting Section to draft a satisfactory 

19 



letter of comforting or valuable information to relatives and 
friends. They had to be tactful, discerning and kindly in their 
work, for they had to deal with every sort of nature in the patients 
whom they visited ; and their visits were only allowed by 
courtesy of the hospital authorities, who were often, naturally, 
on their guard against outside influences. 

A Visitor's duty consisted in looking up every patient in 
her charge at least once a week ; in issuing to him the weekly 
allowance of tobacco, in procuring for him from the Parcels 
Department any extra comforts or luxuries she — it was generally 
a lady who visited — considered would help him towards 
recovery ; in arranging for drives, outings and entertainment 
for him when convalescent, in writing letters for him if 
disabled or illiterate ; finally, it was by the employment of some 
sixth sense, to feel and understand the needs of the character 
with which she had to deal. 

Many a sick man made a real friend of his Visitor. Many 
a Visitor saw her boys pass on to Convalescent Camp or Canada 
with a deep regret, for she learned to love the various idio- 
syncrasies of her flock, and they, often, grew to watch for her 
coming. " Mrs. M. is in here very often with her little presents, 
pleasant smiles and kind words, which are very much appreciated 
by one and all " (extract from a Soldier's letter). She brought 
the sense of home, she spoke their language, or if, being ' Eng- 
lish ' she spoke it with a difference, she had perhaps a soft sweet 
way with her that was nearly as good as being purely Canadian ! 
Not long after the war, Canada and the Canadian Red Cross 
welcomed the opportunity to " thank " one of these English 
Visitors by affording her every facility for seeing Canada from 
Coast to Coast, and as she went Miss Mallam, now Mrs. Freeman, 
was the guest of many relatives of Canadian soldiers whom she 
had visited. 

The Visiting Section kept its own cross hies of Visitors and 
the hospitals at which they visited. Also its own records of 
the number of times and the dates on which reports were 
furnished, so it was very easy to keep a finger on the pulse of 
service, and to see that none grew indolent in endeavour. 

20 



At bases or large hospital centres like Liverpool, Birining- 
ham, Cardiff and Sheffield, " Convenors " were appointed who 
organised and controlled the visiting in their dsitricts, being 
responsible to the Department for a sufficient and efficient staff of 
Visitors. 

The following worked for the Bureau as Convenors all 
through the four years of its existence : 

Mrs. A. W. Crooks, in Liverpool ; 
Mrs. Firth, in Sheffield ; 
Mrs. Griffiths, in Cardiff ; 
Mrs. Christian, in Eastbourne ; 
Mrs. Thursfield, in Birmingham ; 
Mrs. Lefroy, in Oxford ; 
Miss Stevens, in Cambridge ; 

Mrs. Wilson, in Manchester, and Mrs. Robertson, in Glasgow, 
were two other Convenors who gave the Bureau valuable 
assistance, though not for quite so long a period. 

As a sub-section to (a) There was Stationery, which was in 
charge of Miss Templar, an Englishwoman. From here were 
issued to Visitors (and each issue was noted and dated) supplies 
of stamped addressed envelopes, hospital report forms, post- 
cards notifvino- the Section of the fact that there were no more 
Canadian wounded in any particular hospital, or that so many 
had just arrived at some hospital which hitherto had received no 
Canadian patients. 

At Easter, 1917, circumstances necessitated Miss Flolman's 
return to Canada, and her place, for a few months, was filled 
by Mrs. Orr Ewing, who, in the autumn of the same year handed 
over the charge to Miss Mary Rickards. Miss Rickards 
had w^orked in the Section as Miss Holman's assistant, 
was familiar with all details, and under her capable and 
tactful guidance the Section steadily increased its number of 
Visitors until at the Armistice the names of well over 1,300 
were on the files, some of them working two and even three 
small hospitals at the same time in their vicinity. Miss Kate 
Gait and Miss Peuchen were among those who visited in France. 

All Canadians in the Royal Navy or in the R.N.C.V.R., 
who became casualties, were dealt with entirely by Miss Rickards, 
who appointed their Visitors, received the latter's reports, kept 

21 



records, and herself wrote to the next of kin. This, in addition 
to the ordinary correspondence of the section. Mrs. Alexander 
Woods, whose only son had been killed in the Royal Canadian 
Air Force, did outstanding work as a Visitor, devoting herself 
especially to the sick and wounded of that Force. 

In 1917-1918, many companies of the Canadian Forestry 
Corps were engaged on forestry work in the United Kingdom, 
particularly in the Highlands of Scotland, and in the South of 
England. These men were occasionally brought into hospital 
suffering from sickness or accidents, or as the result of the 
re-opening of old wounds. Every hospital in the vicinity of 
such camps was circularised, and the CO. was begged to report 
at once to the Bureau the arrival of any Canadian in his wards. 
When such intimation was received a Visitor — if not already 
existent — was appointed, with permission from the CO. of the 
hospital ; the Parcels Department despatched a comfort bag, 
and anything for which it might be particularly asked, and the 
Newspaper Department newspapers ; the Bureau hoping that 
by these means a lonely Canadian might not feel altogether 
friendless. 

All Visitors wore a special badge, issued to them by the 
Bureau, the design being a Red Cross on a white maple leaf 
against a blue background. The badge was intended to serve, 
partly, as a sign to hospital authorities that the wearer was an 
authorised worker of the Canadian Red Cross Society, partly 
to help any Canadian in the wards to recognise a special friend. 

French Canadians, many of them speaking little or no 
English, were furnished, if necessary, with French-speaking 
Visitors, of whom a special list was kept for emergencies. 
Russo-Canadians and Japanese were also put in charge, on 
request, of suitable friends. 

At all times the Section worked in close co-operation with 
the Chaplain Service, so that in any case of sudden or serious 
illness a Visitor might, at her discretion, ask that a Chaplain 
should be sent to visit a man. 

Visitors, in short, if of the right kind, could exert a great 
influence, for it was in their power to guide, to a certain extent, 
the tastes and inclinations of the men in their charge. Many 
of the latter, without the safe bulwark of friendship with their 

22 



Visitor might easily have drifted into precarious acquaintance 
out of hospital hours. It was in order to prevent such tragedies 
that Visitors were encouraged to arrange through the Red Cross 
for outings and pleasant recreations for their men, when they 
could not, themselves, entertain them at friendly little tea 
parties in their own homes — a style of hospitality that was 
always much appreciated by the Canadian in hospital, especially 
if his hostess were an EngHshwoman. It interested him to see a 
real English home, and he enjoyed its simple friendliness of 
welcome. 

Most of the men certainly appreciated their Visitor, if the 
following letter is to be beheved (and it was not the only one of 
the kind received by the Visiting Section) : 

"1 am writing not only for myself, but for six other 

Canadian soldiers who were at V.A.D. Hospital with me. 

I have visited also V.A.D. Hospital in , Kent, and 

the boys there did express to me their appreciation of the gifts 
which were so freely given to us through your Red Cross Visitor, 
iMrs. H. She has been so wonderfully kind to all of us in visiting 
us and doing all in her power to make our stay in hospital 
cheery. Really, I cannot say too much for the way she treated 
we boys, who were perfect strangers to her, but as she said 
* We were Canadians.' We all appreciated her visits so much, 
and I was detailed to tell you so." 

One other, comic and pathetic : — " The Red Cross is the 
soldier's friend and is just making this war a pleasure for us." 

(b) Rero/r/z/Jii of Cieiieral Casualties. 

" Infinite riches in a little room." 

Warloive. 

Nothing in this title conveys the infinite patience, or 
exquisite exactness of the work entailed by recording. Here 
no mistakes might occur, for each soldier's card on the files 
was a book of reference from which no appeal was possible, and 
for that very reason Miss Erica Bovey w^as severely strict in 
guarding her files from any casual interference, employing on 
them a picked and trained staff of workers ; for, as she rightly 
said, in times of rush there was no leisure to teach new hands, 
and it was everything to be able to trust assistants who were 

23 



capable, quick and experienced. This section was her own 
particular charge, but in special responsibility under her was 
Miss Eva Kingman, assisted by Miss Sutherland, Miss Morkill 
and Miss Cornelia Kohl. When Miss Is-ingman went to France, 
Miss Bella Mackinnon ably hlled her place. Mrs. W. W. 
Bolton, of British Columbia, joined the Section in 1916, giving 
part of her time to hospital visiting. 

There were often close on 40 people working files a day, 
from which some idea may be gained of the labour involved. 

(c) Reporting to Relatives of Wounded and Sic^. 

" Their friends are waiting, wondering how they thrive, 
Waiting a word in silence, patiently. ..." 

W. W. Gibson. 

When the Bureau first opened Miss Beatrice Caverhill was 
in charge of the Reporting of General Casualties, but that soon 
became an impossible task for one, or even two or three, and 
Reporting rapidly grew to a Section that employed sometimes 
thirty letter-writers, writing all day long to relatives from the 
information supplied by Records. At the end of 1916 Miss 
Caverhill moved on to take charge of the Officers' Hospitality 
Section, and Miss Constance Scott and Mrs. Clemson joined 
Section C. Among other long-time workers in this Section 
were Miss Kathleen Waring, Miss Marion Morkill, Miss Elspeth 
Laird, Miss Nepean, Miss Dorothy Macphail, Mrs. Forrester, 
Miss Doris Ryde and Mrs. Masterton-Smith. 

Reporting was a fine art, and one that required careful 
consideration, for each letter that was written was a link in a 
history that began when a man entered hospital, followed him 
through every phase of his illness, to a change of address if need 
be, to Convalescent hospital, and ended only with his discharge 
to the depot or Canada. Dealing with thousands of similar 
cases it was necessary for each letter writer, in order to avoid 
repetition of news, to initial the entry from which she compiled 
her letter and to place against her initials the date on which her 
news was written. This made it easy to see at once, if enquiries 
were made, when and how often a man's relatives had been 
^ivcn definite first-hand news of him. His Visitor's name 
was also inscribed on the Recording Card, so any special enquiry 

24 



or request about him was easily and quickly referred to her 
through the head of the Visiting Section, and the answer 
despatched as soon as received. 

Letter-writers, as we all know, are born, not created even 
by a necessity, and this branch of the work required a staff of 
peculiar abihty. It is not a simple thing to tell the truth and 
break a woman's hope, to give sympathy for the confidence that 
you must weaken. The letters to be written were not always 
the bearers of glad tidings, alas ! but such were never written 
without a full and deep understanding of the pain they must 
inflict, and a loving compassion for those who would receive 
them. 

(d) Recording Officers' Casualties. 

" What dreams of the ideal . . . 
What cheery willingness for their sake to give up all. 
For others' sake to suffer all." 

The names of all officers in hospital were to be found on 
the files of the Bureau and were recorded in the same manner 
as the men's, but except in special cases and bv special request 
they were not visited, nor were their cases written about to their 
relatives. 

If any oHicer were reported to be seriously ill the M.O. 
of the Hospital was at once written to for a full report of his 
patient's condition, so that any enquiry on the latter's behalf 
might be promptly answered. 

Miss iMackinnon's work in this Section was invaluable ; 
also Mrs. \\ arts', who when she left for duty at the Connaught 
branch of the Maple Leaf Club, was succeeded by Mrs. William 
Stewart of Montreal. 

(e) Hospitality to Officers. 

" We live in deeds, not years ; in thoughts, noi breaths, 
In feelings, not in figures on a dial. 
We should count time by heart-throbs." 

P. S. Bailey. 

It was not the policy of the Bureau to organise regular 
visiting of officers since officers being freer agents than the men 
were better able, in a sense, to find friends and entertainment 
for themselves, but any officer who asked for a visitor was 
supplied with one. 

i?5 



Towards the end of 1915, Lady Drummond, feeling that 
there might be officers who were as lonely as the men, had the 
idea of writing to each as he was reported to have arrived in 
hospital, a personal letter of greeting and enquiry with an offer 
of hospitality. Each Nursing Sister sent to hospital, sick or 
wounded, received a similar letter. There was a wonderful 
response and the Hospitality Section became one of the busiest 
and happiest sections of the Enquiry Department. 

The hospitality offered was unbounded. A great list of 
hostesses was enrolled throughout the United Kingdom and it 
would be difficult to express the debt of gratitude that Canada 
owes to these kind friends in the Old Country, who, even through 
the difficult and trying days of war rations, always kept open 
house, and were ready, on receipt of a wire or telephone message, 
to receive any officer for whom the Bureau should ask their care 
and hospitality. 

From an Imperial standpoint this mingling of British and 
Canadian character, affording interchange and exchange of 
ideas, could only tend to broaden the views and sympathies of 
all concerned. By meeting on the common ground of fra- 
ternity and friendship Britishers learned much they had not 
known before of Canada, Canadians much they had not guessed 
of the British Isles. A delightful letter came in to the Bureau 
from an officer whom the Hospitality Section had sent to stay 
with an English family : — 

" Did I understand you to say," he wrote, " that my 
unknown friends would be kind ? Well, this visit bids fair to 
go on record as one of the most pleasant memories of my life. 
Never in all my life have I experienced more thoughtful kindness. 
It is a beautiful home, with an ideal situation. Mrs. H. had their 
family physician call and see me yesterday, and I am now really 
in his care. It is certainly worth while to live in this atmosphere 
for a time." 

Among the letters that are treasured by Lady Drummond 
is one that expresses beautifully the point of view of a man to 
whom sympathy and consideration meant more than mere 
brotherly kindness — the gallant young writer was killed in 
action only a very few months after she received his letter : 

26 



" Dear Lady Drummond, 

" Your very kind letter was only received by me yesterday, 
as 1 was evacuated from the Kitchener Hospital, Brighton, 
before your letter reached there, and I am now on a month's 
sick leave before I go up before a Board again. 

" I am luckier than most of our Canadian officers in England 
in the fact that my mother is living over here, and I am now at 
home, otherwise 1 would have certainly taken advantage of 
your kind offer of a visit to one of the country houses which 
people have been so good as to put at your disposal. 

'' 1 cannot end this letter without telling you how sincerely 
and gratefully we people out at the front appreciate the kindness, 
the generosity and the devotion of the ladies in the Canadian 
Red Cross Society. 

" No one who has not actually passed months of his life 
out at the front can possibly realise the inestimable value of 
what you are doing. I do not believe that men could carry on 
indefinitely out there if they were not stayed by the sense of 
support from home which is given to us — this sense of support 
1 mean — by the gifts we so constantly receive, and the devoted 
care that is taken of us when we reach England wounded. 

'' The material alleviations which make our lot so much 
more bearable throughout the misery of night and dav w^arfare 
are incalculable, but 1 have so often heard the sentiment ex- 
pressed by men and officers alike out there that the game would 
hardly be within the compass of a man's endurance for anv 
length of time if it was not for the encouragement and devotion 
of the women at the back of us at home. 

" Some people have no real idea of what a vital part this 
sort of home support plays in the morale of an army. Very 
few people seem to say it, and so 1 hope that you will pardon 
me for being one of the people who cannot help safnig what all 
we men feel, and feel every day, out on the firing line, and when 
we come home wounded. 

" Believe me, very truly yours, 

"VERNON H. DE B. POWELL, 
" Capt., 13th Bty., C.F.A." 

27 



iVfter the beginning of 1917 there was accommodation for 
sixteen Canadian officers at the late Viscount Milner's place, 
near Canterbury, Lord Milner having approached Lady Drum- 
mond with an offer of Sturry Court and Broad Oak Lodge to 
be used for Canadian convalsecent officers for the period of 
the war — the matter was to be simply between friend and 
friend, as Lord Milner wished to be free to visit his own home 
when he desired. Lady Drummond therefore assumed the 
responsibility herself, furnished Broad Oak Lodge, which was 
then vacant, and gratefully accepted Lord Milner's offer which 
included the provision of a full staff of servants at Sturry Court. 
At Lady Drummond's request, Mrs. H. B. Yates, assisted by 
Miss Jessie Hannah and a band of Canadian V.A.D.'s, took 
charge. Mrs. Yates, being called to other duties, was succeeded 
by Mrs. A. T. Ogilvie in 1918. These Homes, under happy 
and efficient management, were so successful that the Canadian 
Red Cross Society decided to have a similar Hostel of its own. 
At Moore Court, Sidmouth, one was opened, which Mrs. Yates, 
with her previous experience, helped to organise ; Lady Allan 
afterwards taking charge to the close. This, too, was most 
popular, a true home for war worn Canadian officers. The 
Bureau was glad to send there, also, not only wounded officers on 
leave, but after the Armistice many Canadians in the Royal Air 
Force, who were long delayed in securing transport to Canada, 
and who found indefinite leave a heavy strain on their finances. 
For such, it was a pleasure to arrrange hospitality, and to relieve 
them of a very serious worry. 

From February, 1916, to January, 1919, 3,330 leaves were 
arranged, and 2,839 Canadian officers were entertained in 
England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. The hosts and hostesses 
numbered between 200 and 300, and hospitality ranged from the 
quiet routine of an ordinary household to the more luxurious 
life of a northern castle, with hunting, shooting and fishing for 
sport. 

This Section also concerned itself with arrangements for 
sending officers and men for drives, to entertainments, to public 
ceremonials, and to such famous race meetings as the Victor}^ 
Derby and Gold Cup Day at Epsom ; the cars being supplied 
and driven by the staff of the Drives and Entertainments De- 
partment. As many as 40 officers were driven to the Derby 

^8 



in June, 1919, and given lunch on the course. Needless to say 
they were delighted to have the chance of seeing the famous 
race in such a famous year, and to be the guests of the Red Cross 
for the day. 

From the start of this Section in 1916 until it closed its 
work in August 1919, Miss Beatrice Caverhill was the fate at 
the helm of direction, and never could better or more devoted 
workers be found than herself and Miss Elsie Kingman, who 
shared her responsibilities. Always ready to plan, ahvays 
resourceful in difficulties, with information as to the best routes 
of travel, the best homes, at their lingers' ends, these ladies were 
walking encyclopaedias and railway guides to all who sought 
for advice at their office table. 

(f) Yerbal Bn qui lies re Casualties. 

" When necessity seems on thee 
Hope and choice have all foregone thee, 
Fate and force are closing o'er thee. 
Call on us." 

A. If. C lough. 

Verbal enquiries were of all kinds, and not confined 
entirely to the condition and progress of men in hospital. The 
Bureau often had to justify its title, and to supply information 
dealing with subjects of the widest character. News was 
received one day, for instance, that a soldier's wife with her 
family of young children was at the moment in the shelter of a 
London police station. For some reason her allowance from 
the Pay Office had been delayed, she had not known what to do, 
and had arrived destitute in London ; had spent one night in the 
railway station, the next in the police station, and now would 
the Red Cross advise and arrange ? The Bureau immediately 
collected and lodged her and the children in a hostel while the 
case was brought to the notice of the Pay and Record Office. 

/V Naval Lieutenant, twice torpedoed, had lost all he 
possessed, and called at the Bureau, having literally nothing 
but the clothes he stood in. The Bureau arranged by cable to 
get him money from his bank in Canada, and secured him a 
recommendation for a passage home in a hospital ship, since 
his terrible experiences had left him, naturally, on the verge of a 
nervous breakdown. 

29 



These and many others were problems brought to the 
Bureau, and solved by the help of Lady Drummond and her 
workers in Section F ; Miss Lilias Torrance and Miss Diana 
Meredith being her chief assistants in this branch. As a rule 
enquiries dealt with wounded men in hospital, the latest news 
of them, the quickest route by which to go and see them. If 
the case were serious and the friend or relative lived a long wav 
from the hospital and was unable to afford the expense, help was 
often afforded by paying half the return fare. Men who wished 
for work in England were directed where to apply, and how to 
make their application, voluntary workers offering their services 
were interviewed, cases of distress were enquired into, and if 
genuine, relieved, cables were despatched to Canada for men 
who were in anxiety about their home folk — all day long there 
was action to be taken as the result of verbal enquiries. 

(g) Enquiries for Sic^^ and Wounded. 

" Had he his hurts before ? 
Ay, on the front, 
Why then, God's soldier be he ! " 

In 1917, after Miss Ermine Taylor left the Bureau the 
Section of which she had been in charge was divided into two : 
(i) enquiries for Sick and Wounded, (2) for jMissing and Killed. 
Mrs. Jameson was appointed head of the first, Mrs. Herbert 
Ellissen of the second. 

Enquiries for Sick and Wounded were, in a measure 
co-relative with the work of reporting to relatives of Sick and 
Wounded. There was, however, this difference, that the 
Section supplied, on request, and after reference to the Medical 
Officer of a hospital, or to the Red Cross Visitor, more technical 
details of a man's wound or illness. 

Sometimes also, letters from relatives would commission 
the ladies of the Bureau to purchase little extras for a wounded 
man, or would beseech them to find out if his mails were reaching 
him satisfactorilv. 

Occasionally an English girl would write to ask whether 
she was safe to marry some Canadian soldier who had asked 
her to be his wife, or a soldier would, himself, write to ask if the 
Red Cross would not cable how his wife or some sick child was 
progressing. 

30 



One day there was a cable from France to the Bureau : 

" Enquire re child of Private " (giving address). Next day 

the Red Cross through the Bureau replied to France : " Child 
suffering pneumonia, better, up to-day first time." 

Mrs. Jameson did not run her Section on dilatory lines, as 
may be believed after reading of this question and quick answer. 
The work of the Section, generally, was prompt, accurate and 
of immeasurable value in gaining the confidence of the men and 
women who appealed to it. 

(h) Bnquiries for the Missing and Killed, 

" Beyond those tangled spheres 

The Archangel's trumpet calls ; 

* * * * 

The Army of the Dead 
Goes by, and still goes by, 
Look upwards, standing mute, 
Salute ! " 

These were the files of glory and honour, and it is to be 
doubted if any one kinder and more sympathetic could have 
been in charge of them than Mrs. Ellissen. It was her constant 
care to do everything in her power to assist the many sad, 
broken-hearted people who wrote to beg the Red Cross to get 
them some information, however small, of how their boy had 
died, where he was buried, if anyone had seen him fall, or had 
been good to him when he lay dying. 

And that awful word " Missino- " — strikinij a colder chill 
to loving hearts. Many a letter of comfort was written round 
that theme to homes oppressed by the mystery of the unknown. 

It was a room full of sad files, magnificent reminders of 
deeds of heroism, self-sacrifice, or duty. Impossible to touch 
the cards, each with its tragic history, without feeling something 
of the splendour that had shone on an Empire through the death 
of her sons. 

The Section did its work mainly by enquiry through the 
British Red Cross, whose searchers visited rest camps, ambulance 
trains, base depots, hospitals everywhere, to gather what news 
it could from former comrades of the men on behalf of whom 
enquiry was made. The result in most cases was wonderful, 
often bringing comfort to some sad heart, even when doubt 

31 



might not be altogether banished, by the warm-hearted testi- 
mony of friend or follower. " This was the finest officer we had, 
and we just loved him." '' He was a fearless soldier, and his 
death was a great blow to us all." Such epitaphs set a crown on 
suffering, and blunted the keen edge of sorrow. 

Searchers for the Missing were often able to get definite 
information which was passed on to the Canadian Record 
Office, through the Red Cross, and at once communicated to 
relatives. Lists of missing men were always circulated through 
all Prison Camps in Germany, in order that no chance of acquir- 
ing information might be left unproved. 

Of men who died of sickness and wounds in hospital 
every detail of their last days was gathered and noted for the 
sake of the next of kin ; and Hospital Visitors, whenever 
possible, paid the last tribute of respect to the men whom they 
had tended, by following them to the grave. The Red Cross 
through the Parcels Department, sent its wreath or sheaf of 
flowers in full-hearted sympathy with the parents or wives, 
who, so far distant, could not have the honour and comfort, 
themselves, of seeing their dear ones laid to rest. 

For all who have died and are buried in English soil there 
is a corner sacred to Canada in the pine-fringed Cemetery of 
Brookwood, nor far from London. Here, side by side, and 
line upon line, as in the days they fought together, the sons of 
Canada sleep — soldier and sailor, officer and private. There is 
no distinction or difference in the crosses that mark their resting 
place, for all paid the same sacrifice, for the same great cause of 
Equity and Justice, and all are alike the glorious dead of the 
Dominion. 

In France, for months after the Armistice, burial parties 
were at work collecting the Canadian dead wherever scattered 
into cemeteries that may be forever Canada in France and 
Flanders. There have been many pilgrimages to these hallowed 
spots and for some years after the war there was a Canadian 
Red Cross Hostel in London, in charge of Mrs. Eraser, where 
relatives, on their way to the battlefields, were lodged and 
assisted by the Canadian Red Cross. 

32 



Pathetic gifts in memory of someone dearer than all they 
possessed have come into the Bureau, with letters that brought 
one close to " the high soul of things " that is " made of men's 
heavenlier hopes and mightier memories." " I had intended 
the enclosed dollar for tobacco for my son, but I find now he 
is among the slain. I desire you to accept it for the Soldiers' 
Tobacco Fund." There is a great dignity of pathos in this 
simple little letter. 

A Nursing Sister, for whom the Section secured the 
information for which she asked regarding some reHable witness 
of the death of her brother, wrote : " May God bless the Red 
Cross workers for all they do to soften and sweeten the hard 
bitter trials of this world." 

If the Bureau, by its work, could soften and sweeten the 
bitterness of life to some of the many who suffered, it was 
amply repaid by the gratitude it reaped. Its achievement fell 
ever short of its ideal, but perhaps by striving it may have been 
able to ' discern true ends ' and to have grown " pure enough 
to love them, brave enough to strive for them, and strong 
enough to reach them," before it wrote " Finis " to the task it 
had undertaken. 



Miss Mallam, now Mrs. Freeman. 

Mrs. Orr Ewing, now Mrs. Charles Wilson. 

Miss Eva Kingman, now Mrs. C. Eldon Black. 

Miss Sutherland, now Mrs. E. J. Trott. 

Miss Morkill, now Mrs. Roderick Mackay. 

Miss CorneHa Kohl, now Mrs. P. P. Powis. 

Mrs. Clemson, now Mrs, James. 

Miss Dorothy Macphail, now Mrs. Lionel Lindsay. 

Miss Doris Ryde, now Mrs. G. P. Hedges. 
*Mrs. Masterton-Smith, later Ladv Masterton-Smith. 

Miss Lilias Torrance, now Mrs. Fred Newton. 

Miss Diana Meredith, now Mrs. O'Reilly. 

Mrs. Jameson, now Mrs. Wy brants. 

Mrs. Herbert Ellissen, now Lady Ellissen. 

Miss Rickards, now Mrs. Reginald Nicholson. 
*Miss Templar. 

* Lady Masterton-Smith — deceased. * Miss Templar — deceased. 

33 



CHAPTER IV. 



The Parcels Department. 

" A parcel from the Red Cross folk. 
My word, what a surpiise ! 
And as the string I quickly broke, 
I scarce believed my eyes. 
As happy as a little kid, 
I gazed with wid'ning eyes 
And kept on saying ' Never did ' 
As I beheld each prize. 

* * ^: * 

And then a card with message on 
As though those Ladies good, 
Had lo3ked upon me as a son. 
And knew just how I stood." 

{Extract from a Canadian Soldier'' s letter in rhyme). 

• During the existence of the Bureau, one fact always stood 
out with vivid force. It was the swift realization, by the men, 
of the spirit that guided the work. The man, quoted above, 
who sent this charming and clever acknowledgment of a 
' comfort ' bag from the ladies of the Parcels Department, hit 
the nail straight on the head. Each boy, to whom a parcel went, 
was to all intents and purposes a ' son ' ; and with that thought 
in mind the Department planned and packed, putting in here, 
tucking into some corner there, in the parcel, odds and ends of 
useful commodities that would make the man who received it 
wonder how these unknown fairy godmothers had guessed just 
what was his greatest need and strong desire. 

Coming out of the trenches with " a very dirty uniform, 
some superfluous pieces of iron, and a tremendous grin," as one 
valiant soul described it, there seemed to be nothing so com- 
forting as the quick arrival of that comfort bag and its card of 
kindly greeting, which asked to know what it might send further. 

" Please send me something that you would like anyone 
to send if it was your boy," was the artless answer of one lad, 
an appeal so directly alluring to the maternal instinct that 
probably every worker in the Packing Room at once started 
packing a parcel for the writer. 

34 



The Parcels Department was a strange mixture of common 
sense and idylls. The packages that left its doors were always 
larger, broader, deeper and fuller than the recipient had hoped 
or dreamed of, yet they were not scattered broadcast as largesse 
to men in the hands of a crowd. Each bit of gum, each pair of 
boots, or tin of soup, or pair of crutches, was noted on the card 
of the man to whom it was sent, and the entry dated. The 
man's name, number, rank, battalion, description of casualty, 
hospital address and Visitor's name were also on that card, and 
if any query were raised as to whether he did or did not receive 
champagne from the Red Cross on Christmas Eve — why, the 
card could tell a tale if no one else could. 

And the lady who presided for four years and more, over 
this wonder store, had a marvellous aptitude for recognising 
and remembering individual names and cases, their needs and 
necessities, as soon as their Visitor might write or speak of them, 
which, considering the thousands of names she had on her files 
was little short of miraculous. All day long people came and 
went by her office table. Visitors to ask for stores, railway 
transport carriers to discuss rates for freight, commercial 
travellers to book orders occasioned by some sudden urgent 
demand (during the submarine menace the transport of supplies 
from Canada was much interfered with), men from hospital 
asking for shirts, razors, boots, mittens, etc., etc., heads of other 
departments with points to be cleared or disputed and argued 
out, telegraph messengers with wires and cables, a secretary 
with letters to be acknowledged, signed, or dictated, and all the 
time telephone messages from the Red Cross warehouses, the 
Customs Officer, the Chaplain Service, some hospital in need of 
supplies, some Matron needing extra comforts for a very sick 
man — this was the routine of a day for the head of the Parcels' 
Department, and her staff of recorders and packers were involved 
in its reflex action of results. There were times when four 
thousand Christmas stockings had to be packed and despatched 
in four days. When casualties were reported by the thousand, 
and each and all must receive a kit bag without delay, when 
influenza raged in town and hospital and the Department, itself 
understaffed by illness, had to reply to urgent calls from every 
quarter for extra nourishment in the shape of fresh eggs, fruit 
or wine for serious cases. Life was strenuous, but extraordin- 
arily interesting in the Parcels Department, and the tragedies, 

35 



romances, comedies, stern realities and humours on which its 
personnel touched, in the tying and untying of their parcels, 
might fill a book, to which the preface might be a phrase once 
employed by one of the men : " After an unfortunate interview 
with the enemy ." 

In March, 1915, the Department first began its work in 
one room in Cockspur Street. Before it closed its ledgers and 
put away its scissors and string it was occupying ten rooms in 
Berners Street, and these were none too many. 

Miss Jane Fleet was in charge during the spring of 19 15, 
Mrs. David Fraser and Zvliss Newton (the latter an Irish lady), 
assisting. Miss Fleet eventually left England to take up nursing 
in France, and Mrs. Fraser succeeded her ; Miss Mona Prentice 
taking the latter's place as assistant. This arrangement, with 
Miss Newton as special " buyer," continued until igi8, when 
Miss Prentice was appointed private secretary to the Commis- 
sioner, a post for which she was admittedly suited, having been 
in charge of all the special correspondence between the men in 
hospital and the Parcels Department. 

During the first weeks of its existence the Department 
planned and made ready for any sudden influx of men to hospital. 
That happened after the fighting in April, and immediately on 
receipt of the official lists of casualties a comfort bag and a 
printed card of greeting were sent to every wounded man in 
hospital, either in France or in the United Kingdom. The 
message said : — " This card takes you our kindest wishes, and 
will bring back any request or message you care to send." 

Please note the subtlety of the phrasing, which bound no 
one to foolish promises, yet gave an earnest of every endeavour 
to fulfil a wish. 

After the second battle of Ypres sometimes 500 of these 
cards with pencilled requests would return to the Department, 
which was naturally obliged to widen its ranks and to add to 
its staff. The fame of the ' comfort bag ' had spread, and there 
were numerous applications for them. They contained towel, 
soap, toothbrush, shaving soap, tobacco or cigarettes, gum, 
chocolate and writing paper. To men, hardly recovered from 
the shock of hard fighting, or from the horror of that first 
ghoulish attack by gas, these little parcels of homely dainties 

3^^ 



seemed tangible proof of a kinder, better world than the hell 
through which they had been struggling. Letters of gratitude 
returned in numbers to the Department, and one may be quoted 
as an example of the happy wonder with which the gifts seemed 
to have filled the hearts of those who received them. 

" Dear Red Cross Ladies, I really cannot find words to 
adequately express my thanks for the handsome present of a 
comfort bag which contains about all that a man could desire. 
Having said this, I am properly stuck for the right thing to say, 
but if I could express all I feel this would be a poem of the highest 
order, and not a mere scrap of a note." 

Another letter is pathetic in its confession of the need of 
some comfort : — " Dear Ladys, just a line or two to let you 
know that 1 am not so well to-day. Dear Ladys would you 
please be so kind as to send me one of those Red Cross bags 
and contents to hang at the head of my bed. I saw one with 
my comrades and I thought they were very handsome indeed." 

In 1917 it was realised that, in the main, requests from men 
in hospital were consistently the same. They were concerned 
with a few simple necessities of toilet, writing paper and tobacco. 
Coming out from the trenches, wounded, a man left behind 
him there, in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, his pack and 
all his simple possessions, so his desires, on reaching hospital, 
were for a razor, a brush and comb, soap, a toothbrush, tooth- 
paste and some cigarettes or tobacco. The Department 
arranged with hospital commandants, matrons or Visitors to 
issue a weekly gift of tobacco (i 02.) or 30 cigarettes, to each 
Canadian from his Red Cross, and it packed, by the thousand, 
for distribution to men as they reached hospitals in the United 
Kingdom, a stock ' kit bag.' This contained the articles of 
toilet already enumerated, with the addition of a washing cloth, 
a handkerchief, and a paper of information regarding how they 
should apply for pay while in hospital, and how and where they 
should enquire for their mails, if delayed. 

Some of the kit bags were packed in Canada at various 
Red Cross centres, others in London, and all were despatched in 
bulk to Matrons of hospitals, or to Hospital Visitors for dis- 
tribution. All items of the ' kit ' were enclosed in a strong 

S7 



bag of coloured cotton material, marked with a large red cross, 
and fitted with draw tapes so that it could be hung when 
unpacked at the head of somebody's bed — to comfort him ! 

But life in hospital, fortunately, was not all pain and misery, 
sometimes it struck the * happy warrior ' as quite the reverse. 
" I am having the time of my life. Four meals a day, and no 
sandbags to fill," wrote one Mark Tapley, while another cheerful 
humourist assured the Department that he " didn't want the 
earth," but he would like a maple leaf badge. 

The kit bag was the sort of handshake that the Red Cross 
gave a man when he entered hospital, but its acquaintance with 
him did not cease there, and was often strengthened by the 
despatch of other parcels, something asked for either by the 
Visitor or by the man himself. The men were often big children 
when the packages arrived. " We all gather round when any- 
body gets a Red Cross parcel, and start guessing what is in it. 
Nobody has guessed right every time yet," wrote one. 

Another man, unconsciously critical, thus commended the 
Department's efforts to brighten his life : " I thank you for 
wat you send. The smokes quite cheard me up . . . even the 
book cheard me up." A delicious * even,' putting literature 
in a fresh light for some of us.* 

The influence of the Department did not end there, how- 
ever, for its kindness, by his own confession in writing, turned 
one man into an ardent advocate for Female Suffrage. This 
was an apt answer to another man who had formed the opinion 
that women were of the ' weaker sect,' but had done their bit, 
God bless 'em. The men's letters were full of the quaintest 
and most friendly confidences, that went straight to the hearts 
of the workers in the Department, making them more than ever 
devoted to the cause and glad to be of service. 

There was nothing the men appreciated so much as their 
weekly issue of tobacco. Supporters of the Red Cross in 
Canada would have had to see it to believe the joy with which 
a man, feeling hipped and homeless, would meet with some old 
friend like Players or a packet of " Old Chum." And when 

* The Department was greatly indebted to Mrs. Brooks Gaskell for an unfailing 
supply of books which went forward in the kit bags. Mrs. Brooks Gaskell had inaugurated 
the War Library in September, 1914, and as Trustee of the British Red Cross and Order 
pf St. John Hospital Library she still carries on her wonderful work. 

38 



Londoners were matchless, living by the aid of paper spills or 
such matches as they could get from one another, the Canadian 
in hospital could always get his box of matches. " Where did 
you get that, Canada ? " the ward would shout in astonished 
chorus. " Why, from our Red Cross." 

These parcels and gifts did more to bring a sense of home 
to a sick man than anything except his mail, and even that, 
when it went missing was searched for by the Parcels Depart- 
ment. It advised him how to get pay while in hospital, where 
to send his wife to apply for a passage to Canada ; it provided 
his prospective child with a layette for the voyage, in cases 
where the expectant mother had not been quite so wise as to do 
so, and it stood his friend, again and again, when he " fell by 
the wayside among thieves." 

There were few pies in which the Department had not a 
finger. Its accounts were scrupulously kept and its funds were 
prudently but generously administered. In statistics it had 
evidence enough to open the eyes of most readers to their fullest 
extent, but as lists of figures are not always meat and drink to 
the average digester, it will be best to quote only a few. 

In the first sixteen months of its existence the Department 
issued nearly 100,000 parcels. These included comfort bags 
and parcels sent by special request. In the year 1918 alone the 
number despatched was 112,586, of which 48,012 were kit bags 
for the use of Canadians in British Hospitals. Of cigarettes 
during 1918, 6,878,782 were distributed, and 4,450 lbs. of 
tobacco. One Christmas 22,000 stockings were sent to men in 
hospital, besides a special gift for each of 6,000 men of a pair of 
woollen gloves and a picture puzzle. 

Lady Drummond had a ' Comfort Fund,' subscribed to 
by friends of her own, of the Red Cross, and of the men, from 
which she sanctioned particular donations of such things as 
self-propelling chairs or bath chairs for totally disabled men, 
special boots, a tricycle, raincoats for blinded men, travelling 
rugs from a contributor in Hamilton for men from Hamilton, 
etc., etc. 

One day eight or nine blinded Canadians came down to 
the packing room of the Department and spent a happy hour or 
two there, feeling their way among the stores of mufflers, 

39 



sweaters, pipes, shirts, gum, candy — feeling, and happily- 
choosing for themselves what pleased them. Their delight 
over playing at ' shopping ' for themselves was pathetic to 
watch. 

In the first year or two of the war, individual parcels were 
sent to hospitals in France, free of carrying charges, through the 
courtesy of Messrs. Cox & Co., the Army bankers. They 
called the privilege their contribution to the Canadian Red 
Cross. But in 1917 when casualties came fast and heavy it was 
decided to confine the issue of kit bags to hospitals in Great 
Britain, and to send to hospitals in France ' comfort ' bags as 
a small token of friendship for Canadians from their Red Cross. 
The men that were kept in France were generally light cases, 
returning in time to their units, and never altogether bereft 
of their kits, but the men who came over in hospital ships 
brought with them practically nothing but their hospital issue 
of blanket and clothing. 

In 1917 also the Department began to assist men passing 
through London on their way to the Special Hospital in Buxton, 
by meeting them on their arrival and driving them across 
London to St. Pancras, where they were given a good lunch ; 
places were reserved for them on the train and tea was ordered 
to be served to them en route. The advantage of these arrange- 
ments to a disabled man, with vitality possibly lowered by a long 
illness, was inestimable. 

There was always a large correspondence with men in 
hospital with regard to the forwarding of mails, and with the 
military authorities, recommending to the latter any cases that 
appeared to deserve special attention. Miss Prentice was of 
great assistance to Mrs. Fraser in dealing with this. 

All bulk supplies dealt with by the Department came from 
Canada, and were distributed in detail to men in British Hos- 
pitals and to the Canadian Hospitals in bulk. Many a man in 
hospital owed his quicker recovery to the tonic or extra comforts 
that had been sent him by the Red Cross through the Parcels 
Department and not a few beguiled the tedium of long and pain- 
ful days in hospital by doing fancy work, large indents for which 

40 



were filled by the Department, at enormous expense, but doctors 
and nurses were agreed that the benefit derived from the occu- 
pation was astonishing, so the money may be considered to have 
been well spent. 

A lasting memorial of the skill which the men achieved 
with the needle is to be found in the altar frontal cloth, worked 
by wounded sailors and soldiers for St. Paul's Cathedral, where it 
was dedicated at a special service on 6th July, igig. The 
cloth was designed by the craftswomen of the Kensington 
School of Art, is beautiful in idea and marvellous in execution. 
In the centre panel, worked entirely by sailors, there is a Golden 
Grail, studded with deep red carbuncles (the special gift of a 
lady) above crossed palms embroidered in gold. On each 
side of this is a panel of birds, flowers and foliage in lovely 
tints, the design bold but the colouring delicate and restrained. 
The panel on the right has been worked by British soldiers, 
the one on the left by Overseas men. Nine Canadians did 
their share, one being a blinded man of the Princess Patricia's 
Canadian Light Infantry, who used to be taken down, day after 
day, to the School to do his bit of embroidery. You could not 
tell that it had not been worked by one of his comrades. The 
design was embroidered by the men, then cut out and appliqued 
by experts in the School on to a background of rich white 
brocade, and the whole is edged with a golden fringe. It is a 
beautiful symbol of worship and thankfulness from the Navy and 
the Army to Almighty God ; and it is good to feel that each 
part of the wide Empire, including Canada, had a share in its 
creation. 

The names of all the men who worked it are kept in a special 
volume in the Cathedral, and will be on record there for all time. 

The staff of the Parcels' Department varied with the de- 
mands made upon it, in times of rush increasing to 40 or 50, 
in so-called slack times falling to ten or a dozen. In common 
with the other Departments there were sometimes very late 
night sittings, and the men who received their kit bags and 
Red Cross dainties so promptly had to thank the devotion and 
loyalty of the Parcels Department workers for their good 
fortune. Of those who joined its personnel in the first days, 
and were still with it at its close there were Mrs. David Fraser, 

41 



Miss Clara Hagarty who was chief packer, and Miss Newton 
who was chief buyer. Mrs. E. A. Whitehead, Mrs. G. L. 
MacGilHvray and Mrs. S. Cunningham, to name just a few, were 
among other faithful and devoted workers for shorter periods. 



CHAPTER V. 
The Newspaper Department. 

" Please, Sir, I want some more.'* 

Oliver Twist. 

One of the secrets of success in the work of the Information 
Bureau was the fact that it watched with all its eyes and listened 
with all its ears for what the men most wanted. In this way 
it soon learned that sick or wounded, in a Canadian or Imperial 
hospital, what a man craved for with all his heart was a glimpse 
of home news in home newspapers. 

So, early in the Summer of 1915 the Bureau began to feel 
among its kind subscribers for donations of newspapers, and in 
June or July, Sir Joseph Pope, Secretary of State, issued through 
the Canadian press an appeal for them. The reply was instant, 
and the response generous beyond description — twenty to forty 
sacks of mail arriving per week. 

At first no attempt was made to send papers to individual 
cases. The battalions named in a hospital return would be 
noted, and a bundle of newspapers from localities where such 
battalions had been raised would be despatched to the hospital 
for distribution. As each hospital acquired its regular Visitor, 
however, and as she grew to know the men and their individual 
needs, the Department would receive, through her, certain 
specified demands for newspapers which they were only too 
glad to send, whenever possible. And the result was evidently 
greatly appreciated by the men for " You can have no idea " 
wrote a Visitor once, " how much pleasure the splendid assort- 
ment of papers sent here by your Department has given to my 
ward. Many of the men have thought there was no use in 
asking for their home-town papers, especially when coming from 
a small place, and I wish you could see some of their faces when 
they get the ones longed for but hardly expected." 

42 



Newspapers had first been worked in conjunction with the 
Parcels Department but as space was Hmited, and the papers took 
up much room, Mrs. H. T. Bovey kindly lent part of her house 
for the handling of this work, which for some time she super- 
intended herself with the help of Contessa Pignatorre (formerly 
Miss Molson of Montreal) and Mrs. Thomson. But in Feb- 
ruary, 1916, the work had so developed that " Newspapers " 
became a separate Department ; the staff had to be increased and 
certain changes were made. The Contessa took over the charge 
from Mrs. Bovey, at her wish, Mrs. Bovey still lending valuable 
aid, and among other helpers were Miss Carruthers, Mrs. E. W. 
and Miss Waud, Miss Butters, Mrs. Huish, Miss Harrower and 
Mrs. E. T. Taylor. The work steadily grew and was of ab- 
sorbing interest. Not only were the men anxious for their 
papers but officers were frequent applicants, and Miss Waud 
was in charge of the special branch dealing entirely with the 
correspondence and supply entailed by such requests. Any 
newspapers which remained after the hospitals were satisfied 
were sent to reading rooms at rest and recreation camps, or out 
to France and from a " Dugout " there, in 1916, there arrived 
this letter from an appreciative CO. : — 

" Dear Madam — On behalf of mv brave Canadian laddies 
I wish to thank you very much for the bountiful supply of 
papers you have sent from time to time. I cannot thank you 
too much, and assure you your donations are fully appreciated 
by our good boys. . . . Canada may well be proud of her brave 
soldier boys, and equally proud of her dear, good ladies, who 
are so freely and bravely doing their part, and a truly wonderful 
part it is." 

It was not always possible, and it was ever a matter of 
regret, that the Department could not send its thanks to every 
one who gave to it so liberally, but many donors did their kind- 
ness by stealth and the bundles that arrived for the Red Cross 
bore no name. The principal Canadian journals were most 
liberal in their assistance, sending hundreds of copies of their 
publications, while the weekly magazine, Canada^ was donated 
by various business and banking firms, or by private individuals, 
to hospitals in the United Kingdom. Its weekly summary of 
Dominion news, and its casualty lists, so carefully compiled and 
up to date, were always eagerly studied by the men in hospital. 

43 



In 1918 Mrs. Gibb Carsley took over charge of the Depart- 
ment from Contessa Pignatorre, and early in that year she and 
her staff of helpers moved to a couple of rooms in Pall Mall. 
From twenty or thirty sacks the weekly mail from Canada had 
increased to eighty or more, and every endeavour was made to 
secure and supply to men in hospital not only the chief news- 
papers of the Dominion but even the local Thunderer of the 
smallest town in the back of beyond, if it was asked for. Kind 
people who helped the Department with welcome contributions, 
may enjoy and smile over the following letter from a Hospital 
Visitor : — 

'' Thank you so much for the Canadian papers which came 
so promptly. The men were simply delighted with them. I 
had to laugh because my Canadian patients are usually a talkative 
lot, but for a whole morning I could hardly get a word out of 
them — they were simply buried behind their papers, and dead 
to the rest of the world." 

From which it may be argued that the Department forged 
many a ' link with home ' for the Canadian soldier in camp 
and hospital. 

Miss Margaret Waud, now Mrs. Arthur Haskell. 
Miss narrower, now Mrs. George Hodgson. 



CHAPTER VI. 
The Drives and Entertainments Department. 

" A little nonsense, now and then, 
Is relished by the wisest men." 

Anon. 

From the time of the second battle of Ypres there were a 
large number of wounded Canadians in London hospitals. 
Lady Drummond felt that much might be done to help their 
convalescence if the Bureau had at its disposal a sufficient 
fleet of motor cars. She mentioned this wish to Mr. Holmes, 
famous Head Waiter at Brown's Hotel where she was staying, 
and Holmes at once introduced her to Miss Shillington and 
Miss Perry who had recently come from abroad, where they 
had been running a motor kitchen behind the lines. The War 
Office having prohibited this as attended with too great danger, 

44 



they were now free for some other form of war service and they 
most readily responded to the suggestion that they should 
organize and superintend a Drives and Entertainment Depart- 
ment for the Bureau. Miss Shillington lent one or two cars 
of her own, which she and Miss Perry drove, and together they 
took admirable charge of this new Department which soon had at 
its command a large number of cars with voluntary women 
chauffeurs. 

There must be a good number of men in Canada to-day, 
who can remember the delight and pleasure that was theirs w^hen 
Sister would turn, from conversing with a neat V.A.D. in the 
blue uniform and peaked cap of a motor driver, to say : 
" Canada, where are you ? Red Cross car waiting to take you 
out for a drive ! " " H'm, this is jake," Canada would murmur, 
glancing sideways at his chauffeuse. 

It is betraying no secret to say that the benefit of such an 
outing was twice as great if a lady came to take ' the poor 
things ' out. Somehow she tucked the rug round them more 
gently (or did they only think so ?), drove them where they 
most wanted, into country lanes or into the thick of the City's 
crowd ; she was never tired of serving as a crutch if some one 
limped to tea, or of waiting for hours, in any kind of weather, 
while her car-full did a matinee at a theatre, to drive her charges 
back again to hospital, where she would generally smile a good- 
bve as she left them, and hope thev " would come again some 
day." 

Picnics to Richmond, Epping Forest, to Marlow on the 
Thames, and Virginia Water : a man to the Derby for the 
Victory Meeting of 1919, to Epsom for the Gold Cup race : 
to theatres every day of the week, or to concerts : to seats in 
the Mall from which to view the various Victory marches of 
Overseas and Imperial troops through London : to the City 
for the yearly Lord Mayor's Show : with disabled officers to 
Buckingham Palace for investitures : to Westminster to see the 
King open Parliament — there was nothing and nowhere of 
importance to which the Department did not carry wounded 
Canadians during its term of service. 

And from every quarter there came invitations, through 
the Department, for wounded men to go to Garden parties, 
homely pleasant tea parties, Christmas dinners, to spend 

45 



Christmas leave, leave from the Front, or hospital leave, tickets 
for concerts, variety shows, and theatres. For officers there 
were the same invitations, also to dances and social receptions. 
It was sometimes difficult to meet the flood of kindness with a 
sufficiently large cargo of ' lucky bargees,' so plentiful were the 
invitations from generous friends of the Society. Theatrical 
managers were particularly good in offering the best seats in the 
house for Canadian wounded, and their generosity in doing so 
was widely appreciated. 

The Department enjoyed the voluntary services of several 
excellent drivers, among them being Mrs. J. D. Sherer who 
drove her own car for more than two years, Mr. Cawthra, who 
also lent a car. Miss Margaret Whitehead, Miss Guillemard, Miss 
Campbell who lent a car and chauffeur. Miss Perry, Mrs. Cobbe, 
Mrs. Somerset, Mr. Campbell, who drove his own car. Miss 
Waterlow, and Mrs. Bamforth. Miss Bradford lent a large car 
and Miss Brown gave hers to the Department. In the Hospi- 
tality Section of the Bureau, Miss Armorel Thomas booked all 
engagements for the Department and distributed theatre tickets. 

The work done was of inestimable benefit to officers and 
men. After weeks of pain and the distressing effects of hearing 
and listening to the troubles and trials of others in suffering, it 
was a joy to be able to escape, even for a few hours, from the 
hospital wards, to feel the rush of fresh air on one's face, to live 
for a while in a world of normal happenings, to see people who 
were dressed neither in hospital blue nor kahki — to hear the 
orchestra tuning up for the curtain raiser, and to enjoy all the 
ordinary sensations of great expectations when the curtain 
should rise on the play. 

As for the workers of the Department, it is hard to estimate 
how much time and money they saved to the Red Cross by their 
gifts and services, how many thousand miles were travelled or 
how many thousand men benefitted by the generosity of those 
who lent their cars for service, or of those who looked after and 
even cleaned the cars they drove, being on duty from morning 
till evening, sometimes till late into the night. Any one who 
knows the inclemency of a March gale in England, or the turgid 
atmosphere of a November fog will realise a little under what 
conditions the drivers often worked, earning the goodwill of 
their comrades in the Bureau, and the happy thanks of the men 
whom they conducted to feast or festival. 

46 



Miss Shillington and Miss Perry were devoted co-workers. 
They never spared themselves and added the duties of Special 
Constables to their Red Cross work. They wxre liable to be 
called up at any hour of the night during air raids to go on duty 
at one or other of the London Railway Stations. They would 
come in with many interesting tales of their experience in this 
capacity. One night Miss Perry took from the hands of the 
wife of one of the British soldiers two small boys to be consigned 
to safety. Their mother said : " Please take care of them 'cos 
there 'is boys, but I must go back to our little 'ome for it's 'is 
'ome and there's bad characters about in these hair raids." Miss 
Perry took the boys down to the underground, where they were 
out of danger. Both of them stuck their fists into their eyes 
and began to sob bitterly, whereon Miss Perry said : " Don't 
be frightened boys, be brave like your daddy." The elder boy 
took his fists down and said indignantly : " We're not cryin' 
'cos we're feared, we're cryin' cos we can't see those bloody 



uns." 



To our deep regret Miss Shillington died of pneumonia a 
year or two ago. 



Mrs. Cobbe, now Lady Cobbe. 
Miss Whitehead, now Mrs. Ray Hebden. 
Miss Armorel Thomas, now Mrs. John Gunn. 
Miss Guillemard, now Mrs. Duncan Davis. 
Miss Mildred Shillington — deceased. 



CHAPTER VIL 

The Prisoners of War Department. 

*' I have supp'd full with horrors." 

Shakespeare. 

For reasons which will presently appear it is not proposed 
to sketch the history of this Department beyond December 1916. 
But from February, 1915 until December, 1916, the Depart- 
ment worked in close union with the Information Bureau and 
as part of the latter's organization, and its story during that 
period must be of interest to all who found, through the Bureau, 
sympathy, help and comfort in the distressful event of any dear 

47 



relation falling as a prisoner into the enemy's hands. Mrs. 
Rivers Bulkeley directed this Department, which was admirably 
conducted, and every Canadian prisoner of war had reason to 
be grateful to her and her devoted band of workers. She had 
for many years been Lady-in- Waiting to Her Royal Highness 
the late Duchess of Connaught, who did everything in her 
power for this Department and herself knitted many comforts 
for Canadian prisoners of war. Mrs. Bulkeley was ably seconded 
by Miss Jean Bovey, who like her sister had a constructive mind 
and gave herself to the work with an untiring and self- 
effacing devotion. 

Among the earliest of the workers were Mrs. Fred Hingston, 
Miss Turton and Miss Stikeman. 

The first lists of Canadian prisoners came in after the 
Second Battle of Ypres and it will always be a matter of sorrowful 
pride to Canada that no man in those first lists was unwounded. 
The Department received the lists from the British Red Cross. 
They were terribly inadequate and badly compiled by the 
German authorities, names were Germanised, regimental titles 
and numbers, in many cases, missing and to extricate Canadians 
from this entanglement and confusion was a task that seemed 
well nigh impossible. Miss Jean Bovey, Mrs. Hingston and, 
later on. Miss Turton — having some knowledge of German, 
were set the problem, and performed marvels, but only at the 
expense of hours of labour and much exercise of the powers of 
ntuition and deduction. 

Directly Canadians were reported as prisoners, in April 
and early May, 19 15, parcels of food were despatched to all 
whose names had been identified on the lists. Clothing, bread, 
stationery and tobacco followed in the wake of food, and the 
gratitude of the poor men, thus promptly and efficiently re- 
membered in their miserable circumstances, was incalculable. 
Above and beyond these attempts to ameliorate life for them the 
Department undertook to act as agents and bankers for all 
prisoners in their charge, keeping a faithful record of all dis- 
bursements on their account, and of payments made to them ; 
never forgetting, either, to let relatives have prompt and reliable 
information regarding their welfare or movement from camp to 
camp or commando. In May, 1915, there were three hundred 
prisoners on the files of the Department, by the end of June 

48 



nearly 600, in different camps (principally Giessen and Munster), 
and hospitals. The Bureau, meanwhile, was endeavouring to 
get into communication with the relatives of all these men in 
order to avoid any overlapping of supplies. In addition to food 
the Red Cross was sending out in bulk, through the American 
Express Co., addressed to N.C.O.'s at the Camps, pipes, tobacco, 
cigarettes, soap, towels and handkerchiefs. 

Towards the end of June the first letters of acknowledg- 
ment of parcels from the prisoners began to reach the office. 
They were full of a great gratitude, and gave woeful information 
of other prisoners from whom requests for food and clothing 
also arrived. In the meantime relatives and friends were able 
to remit money to the men through the Department which acted 
as bankers, forwarding such small sums as were authorized by 
the authorities. 

Some of the prisoners, by this time, were entirely cared 
for by their own relatives, some had been adopted by kindly 
people, and the rest were cared for by the Red Cross. When a 
prisoner was known to be wounded and in hospital, and when 
no news had come through of his condition or progress, the 
Department wrote to the Commandant of the German Hospital 
or Camp, on the advice of the American Consul General. 

In June, 1915, after the matter had been discussed by the 
Red Cross and military authorities, all Canadian prisoners of 
war were circularised and asked to state whether they would 
wish to assign to the Canadian Red Cross a certain proportion 
of their pay, weekly, for the purchase of such commodities in 
England as might be desired by themselves and permitted by the 
Germans. This suggestion was agreed to by the majority, and 
the Department was instituted as a purchasing agency for, in 
the main, all prisoners. 

In July the Department began to send bread from England, 
in addition to its food parcels, having first experimented by 
keeping a sample loaf in the office for a fortnight, its condition 
at the end of that time seeming to justify the hope that bread 
might travel and reach the men in edible condition. 

The work of packing and despatching had by now increased 
so greatly that Miss Stikeman, prominent in the work from the 
beginning, was put in special charge, and the orders for the 

49 



weekly parcels were carried out by the Civil Service Stores in 
London, where in the presence of a censor, and under Miss 
Stikeman's direction, every parcel was packed and officially 
franked for transmission to Germany. Three Customs forms 
had to be filled in for each parcel, and careful lists kept of the 
men to whom they were despatched, so a staff of three or four 
helpers was needed to assist Miss Stikeman. 

In addition to the regular weekly parcels there were special 
parcels ordered by relatives or friends of the men. Mrs. 
Page-Croft took charge of these. All such supplies as were not 
food, i.e.^ tobacco, shirts, socks or toilet requisites were packed 
at the Canadian Red Cross warehouses, and despatched by the 
Department. Mr. W. B. Stavert, now Sir William Stavert, was 
of immense service in this regard, sorting, packing and despatch- 
ing thousands of parcels, carrying them down, in his shirt 
sleeves, to place them in the Red Cross lorries at the door. 
During the war 472,511 parcels of food and 57,745 parcels of 
clothing, besides tobacco and cigarettes were sent to the prisoners 
of war at a total cost of £258,639 lis. 5d. 

A man would sometimes write to ask that cards reporting 
his welfare should be sent to a list of friends whose addresses he 
would give, and his commission would be gladly fulfilled. 

The men's letters were full of a guarded courage. Reading 
between the lines one would recognise the pride that kept a 
brave front to the adversary, and would not betray itself even in 
a letter ; but there were occasionally flashes that revealed the 
privation and suffering endured by the half-starved, home-sick 
boys, some simple statement that wrung the heart : " We were 
tickled to death with the first cup of tea and passed a unanimous 
vote of thanks to the donor." Then : — " Do not worry about 
us now. With letters and parcels arriving time flies. Cheer up, 
and look forward to our meeting, which I trust will be in the 
near future." Poor brave lad ! One wonders how long he 
waited for that meeting, or how much he was spared of the 
mental suffering that sapped the strength of so many prisoners 
in German prison camps. He was one of " ^Yt pals, the 
survivors of my former section." 

50 



Towards the end of August, 1915, 2i exchange prisoners 
arrived in London and were sent to the London Hospital at 
Wandsworth. Lady Drummond, accompanied by Miss Low- 
ther who was in temporary charge in August, during Mrs. 
Bulkeley's absence, visited these prisoners. The first man 
they saw was much injured and unable to sit up in bed. Lady 
Drummond asked if the Red Cross could send him anything — 
fruit, for instance. " Fruit ? " " Yes, thank you, that would 
be very kind, but could you send me an account of the battle 
we were in the end of April ? " Another man said that those 
who were lucky enough to get supplies of food through the 
Canadian Red Cross Society simply left the prison fare or gave 
it to the Russians, many of whom died of starvation, being 
kept on half the allowance given to the British because of the 
large number of German prisoners Russia had taken. These 
gaunt starving men might be seen picking from the garbage left 
in pails after the others had eaten. 

As time went on the number of prisoners increased, and 
expenditure for their needs increased, naturally, in proportion, 
but nothing seemed to check the generosity of the people in 
Canada for their unhappy brothers in captivity, and money, 
sufficient for all needs, literally poured in. Vancouver and the 
Women's Canadian Club at Ottawa were among the largest 
subscribers, and some thousands of pounds came through Mr. 
D. B. Macpherson, then Manager of the West End Branch, 
Bank of Montreal, Montreal. In this connection special 
mention must be made of Mrs. Sillitoe who was in charge of the 
Prisoners of War Department of the Vancouver Red Cross, and 
who was instrumental in collecting large sums of money in 
British Columbia for the work of that Department. With 
winter's approach, blankets and great-coats were sent out, 
arrived safely, and were gratefully acknowledged ; and at 
Christmas gifts of plum puddings and games brought, it was 
hoped, some comfort to the lads in such sad state. During 
that winter, upwards of seven thousand parcels of clothing, 
boots, shoes, and blankets were despatched to prisoners. 

Early in 1916 nearly all the 1000 prisoners on the Society's 
files were assigning ten shillings a month from their pay to the 
Society for the purchase of food, i.e. two parcels of 5s. value 
each. In addition to this the Society, on behalf of some 

51 



adopter, or on its own behalf, was supplying each man with 
two other monthly parcels of the value of 5s., so all the men 
were each receiving at least four parcels a month (some of them 
more from relatives and friends). In addition to these they 
received 4 lbs. of white bread, and by means of a fund raised by 
H.R.H. the late Duchess of Connaught, tobacco and cigarettes. 

By June, 1916, the first lot of men to be interned in Switzer- 
land arrived there, and felt themselves in Paradise, poor souls. 
One of them, released from the restrictions of the German 
prison rules and sensible of the efforts that had been made by the 
Red Cross to soften the rigours of his captivity, wrote in deepest 
gratitude, commissioned, as he himself said, by dozens of 
Canadian boys still in Germany. " I should like to see your 
good work shouted from the house-tops in Canada, where, 
thank God, few or none know the gnawing pangs of hunger, 
as our boys in Germany have done, and would do now, also, 
but for you." 

On 1st December, 1916, following a new regulation issued 
by the War Office, the Prisoners of War Department became the 
" Care Committee for all Canadian Prisoners of War." Indi- 
vidual efforts were disallowed and every question relating to 
prisoners of war was decided by a Central Committee which 
was given, practically, supreme power, and worked directly 
under the War Office. The change caused much grief and dis- 
tress in Canada, where it was not clearly understood, at first, 
that the new arrangements had been made in the best interests 
of the men. Unfortunately, also, increased submarine menace 
and a temporary suspension of traffic on German railways threw 
all transport into delay and confusion about this time, and the 
poor prisoners were in trouble, for their food did not reach them. 
Anxious relatives grew distracted and showered blame by every 
mail on the harassed workers in the Department, who, them- 
selves distressed by the turn of events, in no way deserved the 
fate that had been thrust upon them. In time, however, 
difficulties were overcome, the new system proved itself ade- 
quate, and those who had been quickest in censure of the Red 
Cross ladies were among the swiftest to offer honourable amends. 

So the trouble passed but certain constitutional changes 
were made and the Department was dissociated from the 
Information Bureau. It carried on its splendid work with the 

52 



■■ 



same staff till the Armistice had been signed, watching jealously, 
from first to last, the interests of the men for whom it stood 
surety to Canada. The spirit of those men we all know. It 
was ever dauntless and unshaken, through unspeakable trials 
and lying reports : — 

" Come, for we know that the English all are slain 
We keep no feud with men of a kindred folk ; 

was heard 

A sound of laughter and scorn, and an answering word." 

After the Armistice as they came back in hundreds, glad, 
rejoiced, hardly believing it was all true, that they were on their 
way home, the Red Cross turned the building that had been the 
Prisoners of War Office into a huge hostel for them ; and the 
prayer in everyone's heart was that they might soon forget the 
terrible days when they had fought for Victory through ad- 
versity. 



Mrs. Rivers Bulkeley — deceased. 
Mrs. Page-Croft, now Lady Page-Croft. 
Mr. W. B. Stavert, now Sir William Stavert. 
Miss Lowther, now Lady Rodney. 



CHAPTER VIIL 
Canadian Sailors. 

" Green earth has her sons and her daughters, 
And these have their guerdons ; but we 
Are the wind's and the sun's and the water's. 
Elect of the sea." 

Swinburne. 

It was not forgotten by the Bureau that there were Canadians 
who were sailors as well as soldiers, men who belonged to the 
Royal Navy, the Royal Naval Canadian Volunteer Reserve, the 
Merchant Service, and the humbler but none less glorious craft 
that patrolled and swept the seas, trawlers and mine sweepers. 
Such men, when reported as sick or wounded, were visited in 
their hospitals by authorised Canadian Red Cross Visitors, were 

53 



sent comforts, and had their cases recorded and reported to 
relatives in exactly the same manner as the men in khaki, with 
this distinction that the head of the Visiting Section, Miss Mary 
Rickards, made this branch of the work entirely her own. She 
filed the records, and wrote to the next of kin, and was admirable 
in her care of all details. Looking through the records — which 
were literally a handful by comparison with the thousands of 
index cards in the military files — some curious careers unfolded 
themselves. 

There was a boy, born in Tennessee, who on the outbreak 
of war shipped across the frontier and joined the Canadian 
Army. Discovered by his father, and discharged at the latter's 
request as under age, this inveterate adventurer bolted again 
and without his parents' knowledge joined the R.N.C.V.R. at 
the age of i8 or ig. 

Another boy, in hospital with a fractured collar bone, had 
joined the Canadian Army when he was i6 by giving, of course, 
a false statement of age. The truth leaked out and he was 
given his liberty with the result that he immediately joined the 
Royal Navy. His father and three brothers were killed in France 
his mother died tragically from shock, and only two younger 
brothers, ii and 12 years old, in London (Ontario) remained of 
his family. 

Another youth of sixteen had managed to ' make ' Europe 
as a member of the American Legion. His real age was then 
discovered, and the Legion refused to keep him in their ranks, 
so he enlisted in the Royal Marines. 

A man of the Merchant Service, admitted to hospital 
suffering from pneumonia, had spent days in an open boat with 
the three other survivors of his torpedoed vessel. A Petty 
Officer had been sent home from West Africa, with a damaged 
foot, the injury having been incurred during the sinking of his 
ship while engaged on salvage operations. Another P.O. had 
been blown up in a trawler off the Coast of Ireland, that haunt 

54 



of mine-laying submarines. The Engineer of a patrol boat, 
after suffering the shock of two consecutive explosions at sea, 
was in hospital with nervous break-down. A poor mine- 
sweeper in the same sad state, was in such depression that he 
had to be coaxed and bribed by kindness and comforts before 
he would give his home address. After a month's sympathetic 
attention from one of the Bureau's Visitors — a most excellent 
one — V. is recorded as " certainly better, and appreciates very 
much what has been done for him." 

Occasionally — fortunately only very occasionally — the — 
entry was short and tragic. " Admitted suffering from multiple 
wounds. Died without recovering consciousness." Another 
victim of treacherous under-water attack. 

Sometimes there was a gleam of humour in the writing on 
the cards, observations of a Visitor who could see the funny 
side of her difficulties. A Maltese butcher in Toronto had 
joined the Navy ; perhaps the call of the waves that lapped the 
rocky shores of his native isle had drowned the demands of 
carnivorous commerce. Anyhow the butcher sailed, and in 
time was sent to hospital with rheumatism. There the Visitor 
struggled to understand his Maltese-Canuck-English utterances, 
and the nurses wrestled with a refractory patient, and after many 
patient and controlled despatches the Visitor at last spoke her 
mind. " Rheumatism is rather troublesome," she reported, 
" and so is the man !" 

Sailors away from their ship and their comrades are lonely 
men at the best of times, and Canadian sailors ashore in England, 
more so than most ; so the Bureau was fortunate in being able 
to find good Visitors in the ports of Plymouth and Greenwich, 
and for the Convalescent Naval Hospital at Truro. These 
kind ladies looked well after their charges, sent in steady and 
ample reports of the condition of the men, took them out to 
tea or for drives when convalescent, and in every way contributed 
to their recovery. 

55 



CHAPTER IX. 

Canadians in British Hospitals. 

" Turn away from us the cross-blown blasts of error, 
That drown each other ; 

Shew the soul of man, as summer shows the swallow, 
The way at last." 

Sivinburne. 

As the long line of British troops and those from the 
Dependencies, Dominions and Colonies, became engaged in a 
simultaneous offensive, so an unceasing stream of wounded 
poured across the Channel into hospitals in the United Kingdom. 
The natural result of this was that purely Canadian hospitals 
had their quota of Imperial and Colonial patients, while British 
or American hospitals received a share of Canadian wounded. 

This interchange of nationalities often had the happiest 
results. British doctors and nurses evinced a most lively 
concern in the progress of their Colonial patients ; and the men, 
themselves, found their interest pleasantly aroused and their 
knowledge considerably widened by a study of the differing 
types that shared a hospital ward. The Canadian, in particular, 
extended his geographical acquaintance eastwards to Australia 
in the next bed, or was ' put wise ' to English habits and 
conservative customs by the Cockney across the way. South 
Africa had not concerned him greatly before he felt a fellow- 
feeling for the big trooper who had had, after all, like himself, 
perhaps, to lose his leg ; and the British Non. Com., who was 
Sister's main stand-by in the ward, could tell fascinating stories 
of his time in India. There were many letters in the Bureau's 
mail bag that spoke of the satisfaction of a mixed company of 
sufferers, of the skill and kindness of British doctors and nurses, 
of the wealth of care and attention from that wonderful sister 
of service — the V.A.D. But the men can best speak for 
themselves : — 

" Think it does us good when they mix us all up together, 
as we are all comrades fighting for the one end." 

" I am pleased to say I am being treated in the best manner 
possible both by Doctors and Sisters, so I have no cause to 
grumble. If anyone should ask you can tell them the Imperial 
hospitals are O.K." 

56 



And from the Visitor at a V.A.D. hospital in the north of 
England there arrived one day an interesting commentary on 
what she characterized as this excellent system of scattering 
Canadians among different British hospitals. She said the men 
had made a reputation for themselves and Canada, had aroused 
the interest of the country folk, among whom they convalesced, 
in Canada, and by their friendly ways and pleasant manners had 
reaped a generous hospitality for themselves. It may be said 
of the many English women who assisted as Visitors that they 
did more than just their duty as workers for the Canadian Red 
Cross Society — they took the boys they had to care for in 
hospital to their hearts and treated them like their own sons. 

One more letter, and perhaps the most interesting of all. 
It came from an apostle of ' direct action ' ; for he confessed 
in the course of it that having heard he might be sent to a purely 
Canadian hospital, and desiring above all things to go to a British 
one, he had removed his badges, while journeying on the Hospital 
train, had inserted himself among a British group of wounded, 
and " so reached this Hospital where I am happy and comfort- 
able. Our treatment here is all one would desire. ... I have 
spoken to quite a few of my comrades . . . and the general 
feeling is that we all desire to mix with our comrades from 
other parts of the Empire, and to enlarge our circle of acquaint- 
ances, and exchange our ideas regarding our different countries. 
. . . Take a case where you have Canada, Australia, South 
Africa, Imperials all in a ward. What one does not know of his 
comrade's country is soon learned, and how very interesting 
are the chats we enjoy each with the other ! I speak with some 
knowledge, as I am at present among South Africans, and I 
certainly know more about that part of the world now than I 
did before." 

There was one weakness in Canadians that never ceased to 
interest and amuse their British comrades in a ward — their 
addiction to the art of chewing gum ! Walking between the 
long lines of beds, on her round, a Canadian Red Cross Visitor 
would be frequently chaffed by some chubby-faced British lad, 
who would pretend he was Canadian and beg for a " stick of 
gum " ; while Sister, with her blue English eyes and kindly 
smile, would follow her, and with uplifted finger mockingly 
threaten the man to whom she distributed smokes and comforts 

57 



from her hospital basket. " Now Canada," the warning voice 
would declare, '' no more of that horrid chewing gum stuck 
all over the place when I come to do your dressings. I couldn't 
think what it was when I picked it off your locker yesterday." 
And the ward would shout with joy at the remembrance of the 
contretemps, and " Canada " would swear by all his gods that 
Sister shouldn't as much as see his jaws working if she looked 
his way once in the next — five minutes ! ! 

Report says that an English-born Visitor, having dis- 
tributed packets of spearmint for months on end, once sat 
herself solemnly down to discover the charm of chewing gum. 
After half an hour's hard and conscientious endeavour in dental 
exercise she decided that she was no wiser but a great deal more 
exhausted than she had been half an hour earlier. 

The fact remains, however, that in many a little general 
retailer's in country villages in England now-a-days there may 
be found, among the stock in trade, a legacy from Canada to 
his cousin, young John Bull — a packet of chewing gum. 



CHAPTER X. 

A Few Letters Selected from Many Thousands. 
Children and the Lonely Soldier. 

" Never see'd nothing that could or can 
Jest git all the good from the heart of a man 
Like the hands of a little child.'' 

Every soldier is a hero to a child ; but a lonely soldier in 
the Great War was a romantic trust that readily anchored the 
hearts of the innocents, and to the Bureau there came from 
children in Canada and elsewhere the quaintest epistles, to be 
forwarded to some lonely soldier whom Lady Drummond 
would be " sure to know." The writers were positive about 
this. The childish phraseology and little rushes of confidence 
in these round-hand essays must have been refreshing to the 

58 



men who received them. Many were so attractive that Lady 
Drummond had copies made of them before they were forwarded 

" To the Lonely Soldier " (writes a small boy of nine, 
from British Columbia). " Dear Sir, I hope you are not very 
sad. I am going to send you a letter. I think you must be 
very lonesome. I am going to war when I get big. . . . Will 
you write a letter to me ? I hope you w411 soon be better. 
From your friend, J E ." 

A small girl, still younger, made the Bureau her Com- 
mission agent, with explicit instructions as to the objective of 
her desire, but carte blanche as to the system of charity : — 

" Dear Madam. We are sending you in this letter a M.O. 
for $4, and we want you to buy at the stores something nice 
for your wounded Canadian soldiers. We think two soldiers, 
but please choose lonely ones, and if you can from B.C. . . . 
A lady in Montreal told us that you knew the names of truly 
lonely soldiers. We don't know what wounded soldiers would 
like, but you will, so please help us to do our bit. With love 
from all at our school. Your little friend, L L." 

An English child in Liverpool was another correspondent. 
In conservative British style, he committed himself only to ' a 
few lines.' " Dear Friend, I write you these few lines just 
telling you that I am very sorry to hear that you have been 
wounded and now are in hospital. Since you came to fight 
for us in England we have been safe." 

Nothing niggardly about that admission, and indeed 
Canadians with their gallant, generous ways were always 
favourites with English children, whose sturdy independence and 
leaning towards hero-worship found every satisfaction in the 
jaunty swagger of Canada from Overseas. 

" You would have been safe in your own country only 
you were too brave so you came to help us when you knew we 
were in great trouble with the Germans." 

What man's heart could not warm to the little maid who 
wrote that ? 

59 



Letters from Relatives. 

Thousands of such letters had to be destroyed, but the 
following may be taken as samples : "I appreciated more than 
words can convey the first news I received relating to my 
husband's poisoning from shrapnel, for, as other authentic news 
reached me and I knew I was receiving an unbiased report 
from you, that was the greatest comfort and assurance with all 
that distance between us/' It was a fact that the first letter from 
the Bureau often outstripped official intelligence in days of 
heavy fighting and numerous casualties among rank and file. 

Letter from a Father in Manitoba. 

"Perhaps these individual letters of heartfelt thanks from the 
parents of our happy-go-lucky prairie boys will in a small way 
encourage and stimulate your efforts. Of the party (seven) 
of High School boys that left this little prairie village last 
Easter Sunday on the Big Adventure, three have been killed 
and the others are in hospital. Surely there could be no better 
proof of our feeling for and desire to be with Mother England 
in her stress. Most gratefully yours, ." 

Letters from Returned Men. 

Bread Cast on the Waters. 

When the men for whom the Bureau cared had returned 
to Canada they did not forget what had been done for them in 
the ' right little, tight little, island ! ' 

Some wrote months, even years, after being invalided out 
of the Service, to tell the Bureau that after so much time had 
elapsed they felt their indebtedness had increased rather than 
diminished, and that they were never likely to forget what had 
been done for them. Englishwomen, who had done duty as 
Visitors, received, and still continue to receive, frequent letters 
from the men for whom they worked with such unselfish and 
untiring zeal, letters that in shy undemonstrative language try 
to carry back from the land of maples to the land of mists some ! 
idea of the friendships that have been forged, and will endure ' 
for the mutual benefit of the Old Country and her loyal Do-, 
minion of Canada. 



60 






In the case of many men the special handicraft which they 
had learned during convalescence in the United Kingdom, 
through the channels of the Red Cross, had come to mean their 
livelihood. In other cases the Society directly benefitted by 
the trouble it had taken to teach a man an occupation. 

The following letter, written by a soldier on the eve of his 
return to Canada, illustrates a gratitude that did not desire to 
leave with a mere pronouncement of thanks : — 

*' In addition to the very helpful supplies I have received 
I am pleased to say I have been taught the very helpful trade of 
basket-making. ... As I am being returned to Canada unfit 
for further military service it is my intention to do all I can for 
the Red Cross Society. I shall be prepared to use the trade 
I have acquired to augment the funds of that Society if I can 
find a means." 

A Letter to the King. 

Some letters, by their faith and simplicity, drew the busy 
minds that found them out of the hustling vortex of fretting 
labours into a wide horizonless calm, where love and loyalty 
were naked truths clothed in no conventions. 

This human document, which is quoted here in its entirety, 
came to the Bureau from a Canadian home. Lady Drummond 
forwarded it to Buckingham Palace, and received an acknow- 
ledgment from His Majesty's private secretary, which she for- 
warded to the writer. 

" Dear King, 

" Writing to ask you to do me a great favour. My 
youngest boy is over in England and was turned down on the 
account of being too young, and they keep him forestry. I 
need him home very much as all my other boys has gone and 
I have no one to help me at home and since they have go my 
Helth has failed and feel as if I have done my share bravely, 
glad my boys ansered the coll like men ther is mothers today 
right ware I am living have three or four sons not give one 

boy. I am glad I have. My boy H after the other brothers 

went to war was bound to follow them he went and inlisted and 
I knew nothing about it for three weeks he was only fifteen with 

6i 



short bloomets on he was a stout sturdy boy and full of life and 
brave as he could be. He writes me if he had to take of the 
uniform before the war was over, he would be ashamed. I 
don't want him home because I am a coward and afraid he will 
be killed it is not that, I am a Proud Mother and if all my boys 
are killed fighting for King and Country I will be proud just the 
same so I will humble myself to do anything to help this great 
war on I will try and bare sorrow bravely boys that wanted to 
fight for their King and Country I pray God will keep them 
in this great struggle. If you want to know about me just 
write to Ottawa Speaker's Chamber they know all about my 
boys and myself. I will send my dear boys pictures and I will 
not have to tell you very much you can judge for yourself what 
to do I will send you my young boys address he changes places 
so often I can not keep the same adress very long. Trusting 
this will reach you, I am sending it to the Red Cross for I don't 
know your address. 

" Sincerely yours, 

" Mrs. ." 

Such a stout-hearted mother deserved good sons ; and it 
would be good to know if they did her honour, and if they were 
all spared, as one trusts, to return to her who was no coward. 

Letter from an English Mother who had just Lost her Son, 

'' To the Canadian Red Cross and to the Lady who wrote to me 
such a nice kind letter in particular, who signed herself 
Julie Drummond or something which I really could not 
understand. 

" I am sending 5s. to get something for the Gentle wounded. 
I have alas ! no parcels now to send my darling missing boy„ 
So all that I can ever spare I will send to the Canadians because 
he was so fond of Canada and all the Canadians. Of course, 
my other son is in the English R.F.A. & of course I send to 
him as much as ever I can too. 



" i thank the Lady who wrote me with her own hand such 
a very nice letter. I kpow how she feels about her dear son.* 
And only Mothers know. And sometimes sons are more 
precious even than their fathers & then we have to give them 

* Capt. Guy Drummond was killed at St. Julien, 22nd April, 1915. 

62 



I 



up. Its no fault of their fathers or mothers, there is a certain 
something which only is understood between two minds & 
hearts I think, which causes such a love. Perhaps we love 
them too much & perhaps if they had not been taken now in 
their youth and loveliness of spirit and character the time 
would come when something or somebody would come be- 
tween us & spoil our perfect union. That is how I try to look 
at my great troubles. When I was a child about 7, I had the 
fever most terribly bad. My mother did not undress for a 
fortnight nursing me. I lived through it &c did not die as 
everyone thought I should. My mother told me one day that 
she prayed to God very hard that I should live. She simply 
could not give me up. I have often thought of her words since, 
& often, lately, since I have had such terrible trouble with my 
two & only children, have wished that she had let me go then. 

" Dear Lady, I hope you will excuse me telling you all 
this. I do so because I know how hard it is to lose the darling 
boys, they are so very dear to us. Not one hour have I ever 
had of anxiety for fear my darling Joe would not do his duty. 
I've one of the slips I had from the Red Cross, it said " he was 
a good soldier and never feared anything." He was a most 
delicate child, I never knew what it was to have a good nights 
rest with him for years & often Sc often he had to stay home 
from school Sc lie in bed. He was quite a martyr to exema &c 
the drs said they could not cure him but that he would outgrow 
it. So you see dear lady I had him with me very much untill 
he went to Canada when he was 19 all by himself, to his Aunt, 
my sister. He & another boy Edward Cook who went down 
in ' The Black Prince ' alas ! started & built up the Boy Scouts 
Patrol in Brackley. My other son too joined Sc in time was 
assistant Scout master. Another boy the name of Carpenter 
also helped to start it but his mother Sc father thought him too 
delicate so he had to leave it. He alas ! is fallen in France just 
lately. AI/ the boys who were in the ' Owl ' Patrol First 
Brackley are in the army now in France or somewhere else 
fighting for us at home. 

" Our Vicar was against the Boy Scouts very much when 
they first started. They had no one to buy ^beir uniforms like 
so many villages do. I knitted my boys stockings Sc made 
their pants Sc I can see now how pleased my Joe was because 

63 



I managed to knit the green wool in the top ' like the bought 
ones.' Ah 1 me, if only those happy days of scouting were 
with us now ! They were the very happiest of our life ! After 
my Joe had worked hard in the shop all Saturday till after 
10 o'clock at night he would come home Sc have some cocoa 
Sc wash & change into his scout things & go merrily off on a 
pitch dark night to walk 3 miles to the tent when they were 
sleeping out, instead of going upstairs to his cosy bed at home. 
He said he had the key of the tent ! Yes, I know & he deserved 
the Key of Heaven. 

" Dear Lady, will you kindly accept this parcel I am send- 
ing. I sent it to the Informant Lc. Cpl. Brambell & a letter 
inside I should be glad if you will read at your leisure Sc then 
please burn it. I really cannot open the parcel again to take 
the letter out & I should like you to read it very much. 

" I'm afraid the poor boy is dead as I had it returned & 
I see he too was in Hospital. Ah, me. ' So many dead, so 
;nany dead.' 

" I must ask you to excuse me writing so much about 
myself. But when I say it does me good, you will, I am sure, 
look over it, because you know how hard it is to lose the darling 
boys and what to do with all their things I don't know. 

" There is a large trunk upstairs he sent from Canada & 
all his things & little keepsakes & his lovely top coat he bought 
for Canada's winter &c cap, & his kit bag hangs on the stairs & 
I feel be will never come back, my darling darling Joe. 

" Yours very Respectful Servant." 

Fro/// an English Visitor to the Women of Canada, 

" Some of you women in Canada will never look on the 
faces of your dearest again. Perhaps they slipped through the 
Door to the Great Beyond from some ward in a hospital in 
England and you are wondering who was with them at the last, 
and who helped them. I can tell you something about that, 
for I have been in a ward when the wings of the Angel could 
be heard, and Peace was coming to a suffering soul. The sick 
man was too near the Door to be in the least conscious of anyone 
near him, or to know that on one side of the bed stood the 

64 



Sister, looking down compassionately, resigning with a deep 
regret what she had not been able to save. On the other the 
Canadian Chaplain who had been in every day to do what he 
could, to pray, to read, or to take a message for home. These 
two stood by the bed, but the only real person with the man at 
the Door was his Mother. The name was on his lips again 
and again, ' Mother ! ' So even to the last you are with your 
men, you women of Canada." 

Extracts from Letter ivritten by Sergeant P. I. Palmer, i()2nd Batt,, 
\th Div, 

" The other battalions of our brigade made an attack on the 
German trenches and things not working as we had hoped, our 
battalion lost very heavily. Saturday I went out to the funeral 
of some of them, and although I have attended several times 
since I have been over here, I do hope I need never be witness to 
another of such magnitude. . . . 

" The cemetery being about half an hour's walk from where 
we were stationed I took a walk over. The weather was fine 
and the funeral a full miHtary one, a thing that is accorded to 
but very few over here as conditions will but rarely allow of it. 
Upon nearing the cemetery the first thing that caught the eye 
was the long line of silent figures, each wrapped up in a blanket. 
We went into the Morgue and one of the first bodies we located 
was that of poor Trav. T.ucas*(Major), a boy from our town. . . . 

" The boys and oHiccrs of the battalions are very loud in 
their praises of the treatment accorded to them by the Germans 
during the armistice, and say they acted like perfect gentlemen 
throughout, and the German officers were very loud in their 
praise of Major Lucas. They asked all kinds of questions 
about him if he were married, etc., and said it was a shame to 
have such a man killed. Apparently he was shot and knocked 
down three times and every time got up and continued on over 
again until he fell dead over the wires of the German trenches. 
Every time there was a lull in the conversation the German 
officers would refer to Major Lucas and say what a fine man he 
was. 

* Major Lucas was a cousin of Lady Ellissen's. 

65 



*^ As you know when an armistice of this sort is agreed 
upon some officer or officers of both sides go out and chat. 
The German officer had been educated in London and spoke 
English fluently. When the time agreed upon was up, although 
the work was not completed, the German officer said *Well 
Tommy back to your trenches,' and when every one was clear 
they certainly did put over some shells. Next day, under the 
white flag the same officer came out and met one of our officers 
and he said that as far as his frontage was concerned, he was 
willing to have the balance of the dead collected, but he could 
not guarantee the frontage to his right as the officers command- 
ing there did not take the same view as he did, but to protect 
them he was willing to have his officers line up with him as a 
screen for our men and they would have to shoot them down 
lirst if they fired. But our men would not accept the proposition 
so they both retired and hostilities resumed. The German 
Officer said that he thought that for the peace of mind of 
relations at home they should be allowed to identify the dead." 



CHAPTER XL 

I916, I9I7 AND I918. 

Throughout 1916 and 1917 work advanced along the lines 
as already sketched, growing heavier after any offensive or 
attack, diminishing to steady routine during periods of trench 
warfare. The principal event in the Bureau's life of 1916 
was the severance from it, in December, under new War Office 
regulations, of the Prisoners of War Department, which then 
became subject to the control of the Central Prisoners of War 
Committee. 

In April, 1917, Canadians fought at Vimy Ridge, with 
glorious success, for Lens in August, and in the muddy swamps 
of Passchendaele in October. Casualties were naturally heavy, 
and the Bureau in consequence worked at high pressure! Some- 
times 37 people were required per die/// to work the recording 
files alone. After the battle of Vimy Ridge, between April and 
July, 30,829 letters were written to relatives, giving news of 
their wounded, the record for one day being 1,076. 

66 



i 



Towards the end of this year the Newspaper Department 
moved into a basement in Pall Mall, a species of dug-out, from 
which it distributed its literar}^ gifts with increasing liberality, 
and where it had more room to deal with its sackfuls of 
journalism. 

Khakj University Students iu Hospital. 

When the Khaki University started, in 1917, its sensible 
scheme for instructing disabled and wounded men who were 
still hospital patients, the Information Bureau used every means 
in its power to capture and encourage the interest of the men 
concerned. There are many ways of beguiling men, but the 
simplest, after all, is always the most successful, and the Parcels 
Department adopted the old plan of hiding the powder in a 
spoonful of jam. 

Leaflets, descriptive of the University's curriculum, and a 
typewritten letter from the Director, were enclosed in parcels of 
comforts to wounded men, with the result that many took up 
courses by correspondence, or when convalescent were given 
practical instruction at the University's headquarters office in 
London. 

A hospital Visitor's letter describes, in the case of one of 
her men, the speedy result of parcel propaganda : — 

" Thank you for the straight razor sent to Private 



wrapped in a letter from the Khaki University. He wrote their 
Headquarters at once, and when 1 next saw him he was sur- 
rounded by their books, and contented to be studying electricity, 
which was his trade before the war ; he hopes to improve him- 
self greatly." 

Co-operation with the A/nerican Red Cross. 

The American Red Cross, before the United States entered 
the war as our Allies in April, 1917, had used Canadian Red 
Cross Visitors (after courteous reference to the Liformation 
Bureau) in order to trace and to be put in touch with Americans 
who had joined the ranks of the Canadian Forces. One does 
not require to be reminded that there were many of these brave 
men who, impatient of diplomatic delay, and imbued with the 
idea that what needed to be done should be done quickly, slipped 

67 



over the border line of the States and early enlisted in the Cana- 
dian Army. They were cared for, when wounded, by the 
Information Bureau as units of the Canadian Forces, but 
naturally were pleased to be put in touch with their own country- 
women, and to be visited by them. Relations with the American 
Red Cross were always most pleasant and cordial ; and the 
same was the case with other Overseas Sister Organisations, 
the Australian Red Cross and the Newfoundland War Com- 
mittee. 

Easter 1918. 

The Canadian Red Cross kept its quarters in 14, Cockspur 
Street until Easter 1918, when, at a crucial point in the war, 
the Ministry of Munitions, requiring more room, decided to 
commandeer the premises. Bag and baggage, therefore, the 
Society and the Information Bureau, moved to Berners Street, 
near Oxford Circus, where the York Hotel was vacated and 
placed at their disposal. The move resulted in much extra 
comfort for the workers in the Bureau, for heads of sections 
and departments were each assigned a room, there was plenty 
of space for stores, stationery and other impedimenta, and 
work generally was facilitated by concrete boundaries of wood 
and stone which had been largely mythical in those early days 
of 1915. Theii^ it was quite possible to reach the head of another 
section by turning in one's chair, and tapping her on the 
shoulder ; and an enquiry might easily pass across a table from 
Section B. to Section F. ; while verbal enquiries had to be 
dealt with in full hearing of those who were immersed in 
correspondence. It did not make matters easier to work under 
such conditions although those who were still with the Bureau 
at its close always looked back on the days in which they sat 
' so familiar-like ' over their tragic files with an affection quite 
unimpaired by the greater ease of a later year. 

yVfter all the various departments of the Red Cross and the 
Information Bureau had been housed in the York Hotels there 
still remained available in the basement certain rooms that were 
utilised as a restaurant for all the workers in the building. This 
was a considerable convenience, and a great saving in expense, 
for Mrs. Watts, who started the canteen, served appetising 
meals at charges that were only intended to meet running ex- 
penses. At small tables, prettily laid and decorated with 

68 



flowers, one could have a nourishing meal at midday for a very 
moderate sum. At 4 p.m. tea was served, and if there was a 
great pressure of work, and some of the staff were likely to 
remain late, the canteen manager would arrange a light meal 
about 7 p.m. for those who required it. 

Mrs. Watts had originally worked in the Officers' Records 
section of the Enquiry Department, left to be matron of the 
Connaught branch of the Maple Leaf Club ; returned to the 
Red Cross in Berners Street, and left again after the Armistice 
to help in re-establishment of refugees in France. Her place 
as manager of the canteen was admirably filled by Mrs. A. V. 
Russell until the Bureau closed work. 

A word may be said here of the Canadian Red Cross Rest 
Home for Nurses opened early in 1918 at Boulogne, not that 
it was connected with the Bureau but several of our girls were 
drafted to it. This Home, which was organised at the sugges- 
tion and through the energy of the late Col. Blaylock, had been 
a long felt want and was a very great boon to members of the 
nursing services both British and American. There they had 
every comfort and attention at a merely nominal charge. The 
late Mrs. Gordon Brown, of Ottawa, was Matron and was 
assisted by Mrs. Thornton Davidson, Miss Louise Fraser and a 
number of others. 

Some of our girls joined the Ambulance Service in France, 
others served in hospitals. One of them. Miss Phyllis Taylor, 
equipped with a miniature portable piano, went out to sing for 
soldiers in hospitals. Miss Marguerite Strathy and Miss Helen 
Mathewson helped to organise recreation huts for our men in 
France. 

An event of 1918 was Lady Drummond's appointment as 
Assistant Commissioner. 

Just as the transfer was effected from Cockspur Street to 
Berners Street, Col. Blaylock arrived from France to take up the 
position of Commissioner of the Canadian Red Cross Overseas 
in succession to Col. Hodgetts. And to the great delight of 
her staff Lady Drummond was appointed Assistant Com- 
missioner, an honour she appreciated as a recognition from 
Canada of the value of the work she had undertaken. 

6q 



What says that prisoner of Elizabethan days, Sir Francis 
Drake : " There must be a beginning of any great matter, but 
the continewing unto the end, until it be thoroughly fFynyshed, 
yeldes the trew glory." 

Her fellow workers were glad to think they had helped her 
to '' continew unto the end " wnth her " great matter," and so to 
reap some measure of appreciation from Canada, for which she 
had done so much. 

After the Big Push. 

" They to their deeds ! — to the things that their soul hated, 
And yet to splendours won. 
From smoking hell, by the spirit that moved in them." 

Lawrence Binjon. 

It may be imagined what a hive of industry the Bureau 
was in 1918 after three years of war work. In 1917 the average 
total number of Canadians per month in hospital in England 
was close on 20,000. Practically all these men were on the 
records in the Bureau, were being visited, reported on, written 
home about, and had comforts sent them and tobacco issued to 
them by the Parcels Department. Their slightest request was 
attended to, whether it was a box of maple sugar or a search for 
missing relatives. (One man actually did write and ask the Red 
Cross to trace his people of whom he had heard nothing for 
fifteen years !) 

So, day by day, even in so-called slack times, work was 
constant and unremitting, for such periods were used to make 
ready for the awful days that must occur before the war was 
over — when after long waiting and secret preparation we should 
spring at the throat of the enemy. 

The fateful hour struck for Canada in August, when her 
divisions reached the Hindenburg ' switch ' line at Hancourt, 
and a few days later, on September 2nd broke through — the 
Big Push and the beginning of the end, but at what a cost ! 
Casualty lists poured in from the Canadian Record Office, every 
available worker and volunteer was summoned to deal with the 
flood of work that ensued, and many of the Bureau workers 
arrived in the morning at nine o'clock, snatched a meal at 
rnidday and tea at 4 p.m. — broke off for an hour about 7 p.m., 

70 



and worked on till li o'clock, day after day. The lists were 
appalling, and it was an effort to keep the work well in hand, 
not to allow it to fall, by any detail, into arrears. 

Enough cannot be said of the self-sacrifice, the devotion to 
duty on the part of the girls and women — not all of them by 
any means Canadian — who worked through those terrible days 
of national glory and individual disaster, sometimes shortening 
a well-earned holiday in order to return and give a hand to their 
over-driven companions. 

One thinks especially of the Canadian women who from 
first to last dedicated themselves heart and soul to the work of 
the Bureau. They lived under war conditions in a town and 
country that was unfamiliar to them ; came through every kind 
of weather, to tackle every kind of problem, and to ' carry on,' 
day by day, for four years, the same routine ; denied themselves 
many a chance of seeing something of the country in which 
they were working, refused offers of gaiety and amusement in 
order to stick to their post — in short, offered as faithful loyal 
service to their country as their brothers in the field. They 
worked sometimes in as great dauQ-er, for air-raids and their 
effect on the nervous system were no light infliction on tempera- 
ments already unnerved by anxiety and pitiful work, but the 
office tables in the Bureau were never deserted. For the sake 
of the men no one should fail, and none did. 

On more than one woman, in that band of workers during 
those four years of work together, did tragedy descend, touching 
with chill fingers hearts already strained to breaking. But the 
worker went on, often with a more resolute spirit, since grief 
had deepened her sympathy with other saddened women, and 
self could best be forgotten in devotion to others. 



Mrs. Thornton Davidson, now Mrs. Robert Hickson. 
Miss Phyllis Taylor, now Mrs. Chas. Marriott. 
Miss Helen Mathewson, now Mrs. Everett Bristol. 
Mrs, Gordon Brown — deceased. 



71 



CHAPTER XII. 

Armistice Day. 

" I heard an Angel singing 
When the day was springing ; 
Mercy, pity, and peace. 
Are the world's release." 

Blake. 

The Bureau hummed with the excitement of a secret no 
one meant to keep. Early in the morning of November nth, 
that considerate friend of all Canadians, the Princess Patricia, 
had whispered over the telephone that in an hour or two London 
would have the best and gladdest intelligence that had been 
flashed to her for four long years. There was a stern semblance 
of routine and work, but flags were secretly dragged from 
hiding places, shaken free of dust, and placed ready for — any 
likely contingency. 

At II a.m. suddenly the maroons crashed their signals, 
and bugles rang " Cease iire ! " War was at an end. In a 
flash the streets were filled with happy excited people, cheering, 
laughing, crying, with the emotion that thrilled the moment. 
As by a miracle, flags broke from every window, and streams of 
bunting decked shops and business houses, and what five 
minutes before had been a brooding, murmuring city was 
changed into a glad, mad riot of rejoicing. Work was aban- 
doned, even in the York Hotel, and men and women rushed 
from its doors to join the hurrying throng that by a sudden 
strong impulse was heading straight for Buckingham Palace. 

Nothing in history will ever show more clearly the bond 
of sympathy between the King and his people than this in- 
stinctive turning to him, this sudden rush of the crowd to his 
palace gate in the hour of Victory. It seemed as if they must 
go to rejoice with him, to lay the homage of their loyalty with 
renewed fervour at his feet, to thank God that he and they were 
" delivered from our enemies and from the hands of all that 
hate us." 

The work of the Bureau that day was intermittent, natur- 
ally. There was so much to be said, to be glad of, to look 
back upon, to remember. There was so much one had to leave 
unsaid, though thoughts were silent messengers of sympathy 

72 



from one heart to another. There were eyes that misted over, 
thinking of what might have been, of the men who had ' poured 
out the red sweet wine of youth and given their immortaHty ' — 
who would return no more, and yet had bought our peace. 

In the exaltation of the War a poet sang : 

" Blow, bugles, blow ! They brought us for our dearth. 
Holiness, lacked so long, and Love, and Pain, 
Honour has come back, as a King, to earth. 
And paid his subjects with a royal wage ; 
And nobleness walks in our ways again ; 
And we have come into our heritage." 

Shall the world forget that for this they died ? 

Through the babel of rejoicing there was not one who did 
not hear the bugles sounding for our Glorious Dead. 



CHAPTER XIII. 
Closing Days. 

"... the toppHng crags of Duty scaled 
Are close upon the shining table-lands." 

Tennyson. 

Armistice and talk of peace brought a blessed cessation of 
hostilities, but it could not effect sudden cures, and for months 
longer the hospitals were full of sick and wounded, who con- 
tinued, as usual, to be visited and cared for. With the removal 
of the submarine menace, however, hospital ships made easier 
sailings, and men began to be shipped home in greater numbers 
to Canada, although such sailings were from time to time 
checked by regrettable outbreaks of industrial unrest in England. 

Christmas was kept with a greater joy than in any previous 
year, and the men received wonderful ' stockings ' that had 
come for them from various Red Cross centres in Canada. 

Early in 1919 many hospitals were discovered to be empty 
or fast emptying of Canadians, so it was decided to cease 
reporting any longer to relatives, except in special cases, when 
it was left to the kindness and discretion of the Hospital Visitor, 
herself, to undertake this duty. Fortunately, it was not often 
necessary. The Enquiry Department, by degrees, found its 

73 



vocation gone, except in the matter of finding liospitality for 
officers, and with the exception of that Section (e) it closed down 
altogether in April, when Miss Erica Bovey bade farewell to her 
files and records, marvellous reminders of her indefatigable 
industry and singular powers of organisation. 

Miss Caverhill and Miss Kingman ' carried on ' in 
Section E until the end of August, and had a great deal to do 
all through the Summer, for there was a decided rush, on the 
part of officers, to see something of the Old Country before the 
transports should bear them off to their homes across the seas. 
Some, for sentimental reasons, travelled over familiar ground, 
returning to see and bid good-bye to the many kind friends 
they had made and stayed with on former leaves. Others, who 
had not had a chance before of doing a tour through Scotland 
and Ireland, eagerly seized the opportunity offered before they 
left. London was extraordinarily crowded, for obvious reasons ; 
all the Empire was passing through it, and hotel accommodation 
fell far short of the demand. This fact threw still more work 
on the Hospitality Section, for numbers of officers, unable to 
find quarters for themselves, would turn, in their emergency, to 
the Red Cross, which was always ready and willing to help them. 
But even Miss Caverhill and Miss Kingman could have done 
little if the generous hostesses on their list had not still remained 
true friends to Canadians, keeping open house and home for 
them till the Section finally ended its work in August 1919. 

The Newspaper Department sorted and despatched the 
last of its papers in the Spring of 1919, about the same time 
that the Enquiry Department ceased to exist. 

With shrinkage in every Department the Red Cross found 
it unnecessary to retain, for its accommodation, so large a 
building as the York Hotel, so in February, 1919, a move was 
made, further up the same street, to offices formerly occupied 
by the Care Committee for Canadian Prisoners of War. Here 
the Information Bureau found itself in almost the same propor- 
tion of accommodation as it had enjoyed at its start, just three or 
four rooms, and here it settled itself down to wind up its affairs. . 

Besides the Hospitality Section of the Enquiry Department 
there still remained in full working order the Parcels Department, 
and the " Drives and Entertainments " ; which fulfilled all 
engagements made for it through the Hospitality Section. 

74 



The Parcels Department, Mrs. David Eraser still at its 
head, to the last issued Comforts to men in hospital, and Red 
Cross shirts, underclothing and boots to other men who called 
at the office in Berners Street, to ask for the little extras that 
would help them more easily through a hospital furlough, or on 
the voyage home. In July the few workers that were left 
spent some hectic weeks packing and despatching close on 
10,000 toilet kits to men evacuated from hospital in France to 
hospitals in England en route to Canada — after which any surplus 
in stores, or comforts were sent as gifts to British hospitals, 
which appreciated them enormously. 

By July, of the original personnel of the Bureau, there only 
remained Lady Drummond and her invaluable private secretary, 
Mrs. John Harrison, also Mrs. David Fraser, Miss Mona Prentice, 
Miss Hagarty, Miss Caverhill and Miss EHse Kingman. 

In August the Hospitality Section and the Drives and 
Entertainments Departments simultaneously terminated their 
useful and splendid careers. 

In September: Mrs. David Fraser closed the Parcels 
Department. 

For Lady Drummond " the continewing unto the end " was 
complete. The Bureau's wonderful and faithful servdce for 
Canada was accomplished. 

Her imagination had envisaged the scheme — her thought 
had informed it — her heart had poured out for the men, in 
whose interest she laboured, an untold wealth of love, loyalty 
and splendid effort. She gave unstintingly of her time, sym- 
pathy and enthusiasm in her management of the affairs of the 
Bureau, where she never posed only as a figurehead, for she 
toiled as hard as any of her helpers. There were few moments 
in any day of those four and a half years of unselfish service 
that she could count on as her own, or leisured ; no one who 
wished to see her was ever denied an interview if it was possible 
to arrange it. From consultation with the Commissioner on 
some important matter she might pass to an interview with a 
private soldier worried by some personal or domestic difficulty. 
Following him there might arrive a harassed wife or mother, 
whose agitation would protract an interview long beyond 
reasonable limits, but this she would never know and would 

75 



leave comforted and encouraged. Callers would come in from 
Canada — knotty points of government would present them- 
selves, to be unravelled. And so the day would run its course, 
with broken intervals of correspondence, perhaps a hasty 
expedition to some hospital to see a lonely Nursing Sister or 
some wounded boy, whose poeple had written to bespeak her 
interest — and often it did not end even at nightfall, for there 
were many times when the light burned late in her office. 

But the daily problems of the Bureau were not all. In the 
course of those strange years of experiment and upheaval it was 
inevitable that questions should arise often of vital and Imperial 
significance which could only be fairly and satisfactorily solved 
through wide publicity and discussion. In the adjustment of 
some of these questions it fell to Lady Drummond to take a 
notable and leading part. One of these, now of historic interest, 
was opened by her in a letter to the Times of October 6th, 1916, 
and its course may be followed there in letters and editorials 
up to January 3rd, 1917. 

Workers in the Bureau used to say that they knew Lady 
Drummond was " out to conquer " when she arrived at the 
Bureau in the morning with the " light of battle " in her eye. 

But " quarrelling " is another matter and never was there 
a more united staff than hers. Petty jealousies were unknown 
and all were as energetic and enthusiastic as herself. Nothing 
succeeds in leadership so much as a strong personality, and Lady 
Drummond's was such as to capture the love and admiration of 
the women who worked with her. She could not have failed, 
for her heart was in the work, and her high spirit never flagged. 

It was the star of which 

" One twinkling ray- 
Shot o'er some cloud 
May clear much way 
And guide a crowd. ..." 

She held her powers, as director of an efficient organisation, 
entirely as a trust from Canada, feeling that the Bureau was but 
the channel through which the soul and generosity of the countr}^ 
flowed towards the sick, wounded and dying of its fighting 
forces. She deprecated " praise " for work that was so great a 
privilege — she felt that it eased the strain of the war as nothing 

76 



else could. And what wonderful support It had from the 
people of Canada ! She always regretted that in the rush of 
work it was impossible to keep a register, even of visitors from 
Canada who came and went. 

As for the friends invisible in Canada, she said she could 
begin but not finish ! There were Col. Noel Marshall, at that 
time Chairman of the Executive Committee of the National Red 
Cross ; Mrs. Plumptre, Honorary Secretary of the National Red 
Cross and much more ; Colonel and Mrs. A. E. Gooderham, 
and the whole body of the Daughters of the Empire ; the late 
Col. Leonard ; the late W. R. Aliller ; the late Dr. Jas. Robert- 
son ; Mrs. Ernest Stuart ; Mrs. Robert Grant, formerly of 
Montreal, now of Boston, and many, many more. 

She counted among the best friends of the work Col. 
Marshall, who came over with Mr. K. ]. Dunstan, to visit the 
centres of Red Cross activity in Britain and abroad. 1 le always 
brought with him the stimulus of encouragement and good 
cheer. In the darkest hour his message would come ringing 
across the sea " Cheerio ! " The Bureau was in constant 
touch with Head Oflice in Toronto and sent it, through Col. 
Marshall, a weekly report which for some time was drawn up 
by Mrs. Walter Molson of Montreal. 

Reference may also be made to a London W ar Committee 
formed in 1917 which had for its Honorary President H.R.H. 
The Duchess of Connaught, and afterwards H.R.H. Princess 
Patricia, and as members Mr. G. C. Cassels, Mr. C. Cambic, 
Mr. F. W. Ashe. This Committee served as a link between 
Canadian Headquarters and the Overseas Commissioner. 

One day in the first year of the war a new friend called at 
the Bureau, none other than Her Majesty the Queen, accom- 
panied by Her Roval Highness the Princess Mary. The Queen 
went through the Departments with a keen interest, and she 
asked Lady Drummond to have tea with her at Buckingham 
Palace that she might hear more. Shortly before, the Rev. 
Harold Hamilton*, son of the late Archbishop of Ottawa, had 
asked Lady Drummond's permission to write a sketch of the 
Bureau in all its Departments. He was not strong enough to 

* Died in 1019. 

77 



sen^e as Chaplain at the front and thought that such a stoty 
might be of interest to Canada. The story just finished was 
quickly typed and taken by Lady Drummond to the Palace and 
left with the Queen, who afterwards wrote as follows, sending 
her letter by the Dowager Countess of Minto, Lady-in- Waiting. 

" Buckingham Palace. 

" I have read all the papers with much interest. What a 
splendid organisation. 

" Please thank Lady Drummond for sending them to me 
to see, and return them to her. 

"MARY R." 

The writer of this longer story feels, too, that it is worth 
telling. 

In everything they did, whether individually or en masse, 
it was the hope of those who worked in the Bureau that it might 
carry comfort and help to all whose hearts were racked with fear 
and suspense ; that it might bring to the fighting Canadians, 
when sick or in captivity, a sense of home and friendship, of 
never failing support, of relief in pain, of tranquility in the 
midst of tumult, of consolation in distress. 

Looking back, it is impossible not to feel that much ot 
this ideal was attained. How often did the same men return, 
either to thank or to ask confidently for the help they felt sure 
of getting ? How often did one not hear the soft drawl more 
hesitating, the rough voice grow a trifle more husky, as a man 
would try to explain how grateful he felt for the sympathy that 
had brought comfort to his sore and troubled mind, how 
astonished he was at the gifts that were pulled off the shelves 
and piled into his arms. " Say, our Red Cross is the best of 
all." It was often that such a remark would be heard in the 
Bureau office, or in some hospital ward, and it was good to 
listen to the note of possession in the proud, contented voices. 
The remembrance brings 

" Heart-hidden men^ories, 
Dreams, and dumb thoughts that keep what things have been 
Silent, and pure of all words said ; 
Praise without song the living, without dirge the dead." 



78 



Before the Bureau closed, lists had been made of its many 
workers, also of those who proffered hospitality to Canadian 
officers. The names on these lists are given as they stood then ; 
in many instances, known and unknow^n, they have changed, and 
one can hardly hope that there are no omissions. Blank pages 
are provided at the end on which additional names or changes of 
names may be entered in writing. 

Did space allow, it would be a pleasure to give the names 
of a thousand and one Canadians who did voluntary service in 
Great Britain and in France during the \\ ar, but we must not 
go beyond those whose work was at the Bureau or in connection 
with it. We have a comprehensive report of Canadian 
Women's War Work in France by Miss E. Montizambert, and 
an interesting stor\^ of '' The Maple IxaPs Red Cross " by Miss 
MacLeod Moore, now Mrs. Leonard Rccs, — whicli treats of 
Canadian Red Cross activities both abroad and in England — 
the ShornclifFe Depot under Mr. and Mrs. flarcourt \^ernon, 
the Rest Home for Nurses in London under Mrs. Charles Hall, 
and much else. 



79 



LIST OF WORKERS 



Mrs. Adair. 


Aliss Alarjorie Blackader. 


Airs. T. Charlsworth. 


Miss Isabel Adanii. 


Mrs. Hume Blake. 


Airs. Charlton. 


Miss B. Adam. 


Mrs. Bode. 


Airs. Armand Chevalier. 


Lady Allan. 


Airs. Bodger. 


xMrs. A. J. P. Child. 


Mrs. Hugh Allan. 


Mrs. W. W. Bolton. 


Mrs. Chitty. 


Mrs. Robert Allan. 


Mrs. Bonas. 


Airs. J. Chown, P. ofW. 


Miss Martha Allan 


Aliss AI. Bond. 


Miss H. Chown. 


Mrs. Carlton Allen. 


Airs. Bond. 


Aliss J. Chown. 


Miss Jane Allen. 


Mrs. Borton. 


Airs. Clamp. 


Miss M. Allen. 


Airs. Boulby. 


Aliss Clarke. 


Mrs. S. Alexander. 


Airs. Bouthillier. 


Airs. Clark-Kennedy, 


Mis. Alley. 


Aliss Bouthillier. 


P. of W. 


Miss Alley. 


Airs. H. T. Bovey. 


Airs. E. yV. Clavell, P. ofW 


Miss Allison. 


Aliss Erica Bovey. 


Mrs. Clay. 


Mrs. Anderson. 


Miss jean Bovey, P. of W . 


Mrs. Clayton. 


Miss L. Arathoon, P. of \\" 


Mrs. JBowen. 


Airs. C leghorn. 


Miss R. Arathoon. 


Miss D. Bower. 


Airs. Clemson. 


Mrs. Arbuthnot. 


Airs. Bowers. 


Airs. Ernest Clifford. 


Mrs. Archer. 


Airs. Boyer. 


Airs. Clipperton, P. of W. 


Mrs. Archibald. 


The Alisses Bradford. 


Airs. Clower. 


Miss Kitty Armour. 


Airs. Braithwaitc. 


Airs. Cobbe. 


Mrs. Douglas Armour. 


Airs. Bremner. 


Mrs, Cock. 


Aliss K. Armstrong. 


Airs. Brennan. 


Airs. Code. 


Mrs. Flora M. Armstrong. 


Airs. Conyers Bridgewater. 


Airs. Alex Collie. 


jMiss Gertrude Arnold. 


Mrs. Everett Bristol. 


Airs. W. G. Colquhoun, 


Mrs. Atkinson. 


Mrs. Beverley Brown. 


P. ofW, 


Miss Avery. 


Airs. Gordon Brown. 


Aliss Dorothv Cook. 




Miss Brown. 


Airs. W. F. Cooke. 


Airs. Bailey, 


Mrs. Ernest Brow^nc. 


Mrs. Coombs. 


Mrs. E. J. Baker. 


Lady Stopford Brunton. 


Mrs. L. Coote. 


Mrs. Archer Baker. 


Aliss F. Buckle. 


Aliss Ada Coote. 


Miss Phyllis Baker. 


Airs. Rivers Bulkeley, 


Miss Corbett. 


Mrs. Esteven Balshaw . 


P. of W. 


Miss E. K. Cotton, P. of \^'. 


Mrs. G. Balfour. 


Aliss Bull. 


Aliss J. A. Couper. 


Mrs. Bamforth. 


Airs. Burritt. 


Airs. Cowper. 


Mrs. Barham. 


Aliss Butters. 


Aliss Al. H. Corbett. 


Miss Barham. 




Airs. Craik. 


Miss M. A. Barker. 


Mrs. Callender. 


Airs. F. A. Crathern. 


Lady Barran. 


Airs. C. Gamble . 


Aliss Louise Creelman. 


Airs. Barwick. 


Airs. Cameron. 


Miss Crowe. 


Airs. Rupert Baxter. 


Miss Cameron. 


Mrs. A. Croy. 


Airs. Bay ley. 


Mrs. Campbell. 


Aliss Croxford. 


Mrs. Beasley. 


Miss Campbell. 


Mrs. S. Cunningham. 


Mrs. Reginald Beckett. 


Mr. R. ]. Campbell. 




D. H. Beckett, Esq. 


Mrs. R. I. Campbell. 


Miss xMaria Dalton. 


Mrs. J. W. Begg. 


Air. C. 11. B. Candy. 


Mrs. Dalziel. 


Airs. Bell. 


Mrs. Carling. 


Airs. Phyllis Darling. 


Miss Helen Bell. 


Airs. Carmody. 


Airs. Thornton Davidson. 


Miss Leslie Bell. 


Airs. lona Carr. 


Aliss A. Davics. 


Aliss Mar Bell. 


Aliss Carruthers. 


Miss \v . Davies. 


Mrs. Belshaw. 


Mrs. Gibb Carslcy. 


Airs. C. W. Davis. 


Airs. Best. 


Lady Carson. 


Aliss AI. Davis. 


Airs. Biggar. 


Mrs. Cartwright, 


Airs. A. Joly de Lotbiniere. 


Airs. Biggs, P. of W . 


Mrs. H. G. Cassels. 


Miss de Alattos. 


Mrs. L. W. Bingay. 


Miss Beatrice Caverhill. 


Airs. Clark Dennis. 


Airs. H. S. Birkett. 


Airs. Cawthra, Sr. 


Airs. Basil Dent. 


Aliss Birkett. 


Mrs. Cawthra. 


Miss H. Dew, P. of VC. 


Mrs. W. A. Bishop. 


Air. Cawthra 


Airs. Dixon. 


Mrs. Eldon Black. 


Mrs. Chalk. 


Mrs. Dolley Dod. 


Mrs. Blackadcr. 


Airs. R. S. Chaplin. 


Lady Drummond. 



80 



LIST OP WORKERS~^<?«//«W. 



Aliss Dubois. 

Mrs. G. Duffus. 

Mrs. W. Stairs Dutius. 

Mrs. G. H. Duggan. 

Lady Duke. 

Mrs. Duke. 

Miss Duke. 

Mrs. Dunn. 

Miss Dunsniuir. 

Miss Durrant. 

Mrs. lisdale. 
Mrs. F. Easton. 
Miss l*-dgar. 
Mrs. T 'Edmunds. 
i\frs. I vd wards. 
Mrs. Kingdon lUlis. 
Mrs. Herbert Ellissen. 
Miss lilmore. 
Nfrs. lilphinstone. 
Mrs. Emery. 
Miss Emmanuel. 
Mrs. fertVey Evans. 
Mrs. "W. B. Evans. 

Mrs. I'. W . Fairbanks. 

Mrs. i^alkener. 

Miss Farwell. 

.Miss Fauvel. 

Mrs. H. V. Felluwes, 

P. of W. 
Mrs. Ferguson. 
Mrs. Harold 

Fethersujnhauuh. 
Mrs. E. B. Finiey. 
Mrs. Finnan. 
Miss Fischott. 
Miss Margaret Fischoft. 
Mrs. Robertson Fleet. 
Miss li. Fleet. 
Miss Jane Fleet. 
Miss Fletcher. 
jMrs. Fletcher. 
Miss K. Fortescue. 
Mrs. Forrester. 
Mrs. D. Foster. 
Miss Helen Francis. 
Mrs. C. S. Franklin. 
Mrs. David Eraser. 
Miss Louise Fraser, P. of \\ . 

Airs. B. Gahan. 
Miss Kate Gait. 
Mrs. Lornc Gardner. 
Mrs. A. II. Garrett. 
Airs. R. J. Garrett. 
Mrs. Brooks Gaskell. 
Mrs. F. Gaudet. 
Aliss Gawith. 
Airs. Gee. 



Airs. F. Gibson. 

Miss Alaureen Gibson, 

P. of W, 
Mrs. F. Goldsmith. 
Miss Goodlet. 
Miss Goring. 
Mrs. Gossage. 
Master S. M. Gossage 
Airs. D. M. Gowlland. 
Mrs.F.AI.Graham,P.of\\ 
Miss Graham. 
Aliss Grant. 
.Mrs. Donald Gray. 
Mrs. Percv Grav" 
Mrs. (irav. 
Mrs. H. B. Gra>- 
Miss ]'As\j Greene. 
.Miss G. Grier. 
Miss W. Grier. 
Mrs. A. H. Grier, P. of Vv . 
Miss Fvleanor Guillemard. 
Miss Gunn. 
Mrs. Fraser B. Gurd. 
Mrs. Gzowski. 

Miss /\. llagarty. 

Miss Clara Hagarty. 

Miss Ci. 1 lagarty. 

Miss Haiuhr. 

Mrs. J^hos. Hall. 

Miss D. 1 lamer. 

Ke\ . I larold I lamiliun. 

Miss Hammerslev, P. ot \\ 

Mrs. Hanington. 

Miss Jessie Hannah. 

Mrs. G. Hanson. 

Miss D. Hanson. 

Aliss li. Hanson. 

Miss P. Hanson. 

Airs. Harkey. 

Airs. Harman. 

Mrs. Llovd I hirris. 

Mrs. j. F.. B. Harrison. 

Mrs. narrower. 

Miss li. G. narrower. 

.Mrs. Harvey. 

Miss 1, Harwood. 

Mrs. j. O. Hasiinus. 

Mrs. j. Hay. 

Miss Margaret Ha\ . 

Airs. Bruce Flay. 

Miss Anne I lay Kayc. 

Aliss Hearn. 

Aliss Heath. 

Miss Heet. 

Miss Dorothy ,\I. 

I lenderson. 
Miss 1 lendrie. 
Airs. Henshaw . 
Aliss Ruth Henshaw. 



Mr?. J. C. Hepburn. 

Aliss Hetherington. 

Miss Flonor He ward. 

Mrs. Heward. 

Mrs. Hill. 

Mrs. F. Hingston. 

Mrs. H. R. Hingston. 

Miss D. Hodcson. 

Mrs. Holdcn>. of W. 

Miss F.stelle Holland. 

Miss Hollins. 

Miss C. Holman. 

Ladv Hoir. 

Mrs'. Holr. 

Miss I lood. 

Mrs. Alalcolui f lope. 

Mr. Horn. 

Miss P. 11. Hornt, P. of W. 

Mrs. Havdn I lorsey. 

Miss Houdret. 

Miss S. Howell. 

Mrs. Howland. 

Mrs. Hudson. 

Miss Helena Hughson. 

Mrs. M. \\". fluish. 

Miss Hunter. 

Mrs. II. S. Hunter. 

Mrs. Ives. 
Miss F:. Ives. 
Mi;>s Marion l\es. 

Miss Jack. 

Miss Mather Jackson, 

P. of W, 
Mrs. R. lameson, 
.Mrs. Jerfcock. 
Mrs. lemmetr. 
Mrs. L. Martin Johnsione. 
Mrs. Hunter Jones. 
Mrs. Joy. 

Miss 1^. Kav. 
Miss A. H.'Kav. 
Mrs. W. Kay. ' 
Airs. Keene. 

Aliss Aimee Kemp, P. of \\ . 
Airs. Colin Kemp. 
Miss Kentish. 
Miss K. Kentish. 
Mrs. Keste\en-Balshaw. 
Mrs. Kettlewell. 
Mrs. T. C. Kidd. 
Airs. (Col.) Kidd. 
.Miss King. 
Miss Elsie Kingman. 
Miss Eva Kingman. 
Airs. Kingman. 
Mrs. Kingsmill. 
Miss H. Kirkpatrick. 
Miss Gay Kohl, P. of \V . 



8i 



LIST OF WORKERS— ^o«/;wW 



Miss Elspeth Laird. 


Miss Machette. 


Mrs. Geoffrey Osborn. 


Mrs. A. L. Lake. 


Mrs. G. Mander. 


F. Osier, Esq. 


Mrs. Lamb. 


Mrs. Maples. 


Mrs. Osier. 


Mrs. Lambart. 


Lady Markham. 


Mrs. Leonard Outerbridge 


Mrs. Gore Langton. 


Miss Doris L. Marshall. 


Lady Owen. 


Miss Flavia Larkin. 


Miss Marshall. 




Sir Arthur Lawley. 


Mrs. Marten. 


Miss Gwendolen Page, 


Miss Dorothy Leagram. 


Mrs. Ned Martin. 


P. of W 


Mrs. H. C. Lefroy, P. of W. 


Mrs. M. C. Mason, P. of W. 


Mrs. Page-Croft. 


Miss Le Lever. 


Miss V. Massey. 


Mrs. Palmer. 


Miss B. Lemon. 


Mrs. Masterton-Smith. 


Miss Palmer. 


Miss G. Lemon. 


Miss Marie Meagher. 


Mrs. Henri Pancr. 


Miss Lenox. 


Mrs. J. C. Meakins. 


Mrs. L. |. Papincau. 


Mrs. Gordon Lewis 


Mrs. Meighcn. 


Mrs. A. "G. Parker. 


Miss Lewis. 


Miss Diana Meredith. 


Miss N. Pass. 


xMrs. Liggatt. 


Mrs. Emily Mitchell. 


Miss Payne. 


xMiss LindweJI. 


Miss Mitton. 


Mrs. Pearson. 


Mrs. Lionel Lindsay. 


Mrs. Walter Molson. 


Mrs. Pechell. 


xMiss Marguerite Lindsay. 


Mrs. Alonro. 


Miss G. Pennant. 


Mrs. Robert Lindsay. 


Miss Morehead. 


Mrs. Percival. 


Miss Linton. 


Mrs. Douglas Morgan. 


Lady Perley. 


Miss Vaughn Lloyd. 


Miss Morgan. 


Mrs. Perrott. 


Miss Lockhart. 


Miss Marian Morkill. 


Miss Violet Perrv. 


Miss Joyce Longmorc. 


Miss Mabel Morris. 


Mrs. Peuchen, ?'. of W. 


Miss Lowe. 


Mrs. F. S. Morrisse\ . 


Mrs. Phelan. 


Miss Marjorie Lowthcr, 


Mrs. Nothage Moselev. 


Mrs. Picard. 


P. of W. 


Miss M. E. Mould. 


O^ntessa Pignatorrc. 


Airs. A. Lucas. 


Mrs. S. McL. Mowbray. 


Miss M. Pillcy. 


Lady Lumas. 


Mrs. Muir. 


Mrs. H. Phinev. 


Mrs. Lund. 


Miss Munstcr. 


Mrs. L. i\L Phiney. 


Miss Lunhani. 


Mrs. Leonard Murray. 


Miss V. Pooler. 


Mrs. Lyell. 


lion. Mrs. Graham Murray. 


iMiss H. Powell. 
Miss Peggy Powell, 


Miss Dorothy O. McLaren. 


Mrs. Naglc. 


P. of \X . 


xMrs. Murray McLaren. 


Miss Nagle. 


Miss Powell. 


Mrs. McLean. 


Mrs. Napier. 


j\r.rs. Paul Powis. 


Mrs. McLellan. 


AHss N. C. Nash. 


Miss S. C. Powley, P. of W 


Miss MacBcth. 


Miss Nepean. 


Mrs. W \ Prentice. 


Miss MacBridc. 


Miss Frances Newton. 


Miss Mona Prentice. 


Mrs. MacCrac. 


Mrs. Ncy. 


T. Pringlc, Esq. 


Mrs. MacDonald. 


Miss Nicholas. 


Mrs. Pringle. 


Miss T. Macdonald. 


Miss Nicholson. 


Miss E. M. Probst. 


Miss MacDonnell. 


Mrs. M. A. Niclson, 




Mrs. G. F. MacFarland, 


P. of W. 


Miss Rawlings. 


P. of W. 


Mrs. P. J. Nolan, P. of W. 


Hon. Mrs. Rene Rcdniond. 


Mrs. G. L. McGillivary. 


Mrs. E. Nordhcimer. 


jMiss Redmond. 


Mrs. M. MacGillivary. 


Miss Norman. 


Miss Reekie. 


Mrs. Grant Mcintosh. 


Mrs. Norman. 


Miss A. Rcc\es. 


Miss Mac Kay. 


Mrs. C. S. Norsworthy. 


Mrs. J. Regan. 


Mrs. R. \X . Mackay. 


Mrs. A.L. Nunns, P. of W. 


Mrs. Rcnaud. 


Mrs. Mackay. 




xMiss Rendell. 


Miss Mackenzie. 


Miss A. O'Connor. 


Mrs. Reynolds. 


Miss Bella MacKinnon. 


Mrs. O'Connor. 


Miss Richardson. 


Miss Gladys MacKinnon. 


Mrs. J. V. O'Donohoe. 


Miss M. Richardson. 


Miss y\. Mackirdy. 


Miss O'Donohuc. 


Miss Mary Rickards. 


Miss L. Mackirdy, P. of \X . 


Mrs. O'Reilly. 


Mrs. j. Riddell. 


Miss Lydia Maclean. 


Miss O'Reilly. 


Mrs. Ross Robertson. 


Mrs. E. A. MacMurray. 


Mrs. Ogilvie. 


Miss S. Robertson. 


Miss Dorothy Macphail. 


Miss Ottilie Ormsby. 


Mrs. 1. Robinson. 


Mrs. D. Macpherson. 


Mrs. Orr-Ewing. 


Mrs. Roblin. 



82 



LIST OF WORKERS— ^(?«//WW 



Hon. Diaiia Robson. 
Vfiss Robson. 
Miss L. Robsnfi. 
Mrs. Rodda. 
Mrs. David Rogers. 
Mts. Rohdc. 
Mrs. Roper. 
Miss Rose. 
Mr. Roscnbur.u. 
Mrs. Murray Ross. 
Mrs. j. G. Ross. 
Miss jane Ross. 
Mrs. Rual. 
Mrs. y\. \'. Russell. 
Mrs. W . O. Ryde. 
Mr. W. O. Rydc. 
Miss Doris R)de. 

Mr. ]\ Safferv. 

Mrs. Salisbury, P. of W . 

Miss Sandys. 

Miss Sankey. 

Mlss M. Saunders. 

Mrs. W. Scott, P. oFW . 

Mrs. Scott. 

Miss I-^. J. Scott. 

Miss Constance Scott. 

Miss Secord. 

Mrs. Scely. 

Mrs. Seligniann. 

Mrs. Sewcll. 

Mrs. Shaw. 

Mrs. Sh at ford. 

Miss Ruth Shatford. 

Miss Lorna Sheffield. 

Miss Marjorie Sheppard. 

Mrs. J. D. Sherer. 

Miss Mildred Shillin.uKMi. 

Miss D. Shord. 

Mr. J. Af. Shuttleworih. 

Miss Shuttleworth. 

Miss H. M. Sides. 

Miss iM. Sinimonds. 

Mrs. Sinclair. 

Miss A. Smith. 

Mrs. Apslcy Smith. 

Mrs. Ewart Smith. 

Mrs. Hodgson Smith. 

Miss Smitheringale. 

Mrs. Snell. 

Miss Snowball. 

Mrs. Somerset. 

Mrs. Gordon Southani. 

Mrs. Spragge. 

Mrs. Sproston. 

Mrs. Stanton. 

JVIiss Kathleen Stawcll. 

SirW. B. Stavcrt, P. of W . 

Lady Stavert. 

Miss Jean Stavcrt, P. of \\ 



Miss leddie Stavcrt, 

P. of W 

Mrs. King Stevens. 

Mrs. Stevens. 

\Fiss Ethel Sfe\ens. 

Miss \. Stevenson. 

Mrs. William Stewart. 

Miss Stikcman, P. of W". 

Nfiss Still. 

Mrs. Stocklev. 

Mrs. Stowell. 

Mrs. Stratford. 

Miss Ah ira Strath\-, 

■p. of W 

MissM. Strathv. 

Mrs. Striert" 

Miss Strieff. 

Miss Strudwick. 

\riss M. SulK . 

Miss Marjorie Suiherlantl. 

Mrs. R(jss Sutherland. 

Mrs. Stanley 'i'atham. 
Mrs. Tattersoll. 
Miss I 'Eileen Tax lor. 
Nfrs. E. T. Taylor. 
.\riss I{rmine Taylor. 
Mrs. Phyllis Taylor. 
Mrs. F. J. Tees', P. of W . 
Miss Laura Templar. 
Mrs. Theobalds. 
Miss Shearme Thomas. 
Miss Armorel M. Thomas. 
Hriir.-Cieneral Thompson, 

P. ofW 
Mrs. (iraham 'J"h(^mson, 

P. of W 
Mrs. Arthur 'i'hynne. 
Mrs. Tooth. 
Miss Tooth. 
Mr. J. Towers. 
Mrs. I. Torrance. 
Miss 1,. Torrance. 
Mrs. \\ rench 'i'owse. 
Lady 'I'upper, P. of W . 
Mrs. Stewart Tupper. 
Miss M. I". Tupper. 
Miss I. Tupper. 
MissALE. Turton, P.ofW 
Mrs. Turton. 
Lady Turner. 
Miss Turner. 
Mrs. Turning. 
Afrs. Twining. 

Mrs. Van /Ulcn, P. of W . 
Miss Van Allen, P. of W . 
Mrs. Van Sickle. 
Airs. Vassic. 



Aliss Isabclle \V aldron, 

P. of W. 

Airs. Walkden. 

Mrs. Herbert Walker. 

Mrs. F. H. Wallace. 

Aliss \\ allace. 

Airs. I. H. L. Wallace. 

Airs. S. W alters, P. of V: . 

Airs. \\ alters. 

Aliss Kathleen Warinir. 

■Mrs. Warner. 

Miss Waterlow. 

Mrs. Lauder W" at son, 

P. of W. 

Mrs. 1. W . W atts. 

Mrs. E. W. Waud. 

Miss M. W and. 

Aliss Weaver. 

Aliss Weeks. 

Miss \X'ells. 

Airs. West. 

Airs. S. B. White, P. of W . 

Aliss Mary I. White. 

Aliss Phyllis W hifc. 

Mrs. E.'\. Whitehead. 

Miss AI. Whitehead. 

Aliss E. W hitne\ . 

Aliss AI. W bitten. 

Airs. C. H. Whittington. 

Airs. R. H. Whittingfon. 

Airs. W. H. M. Wilercss. 

Airs. Wilks. 

Airs. Williams. 

Miss Isabel Williantson. 

Mrs. AI. S. Willoughby. 

Aliss E. W ilson. 

Airs. W ilson. 

Airs. Alaurice W ilson. 

Airs. Helen W ilson. 

Airs. Bassett W ilson. 

Mrs. John Arniitstead 

W ilson. 

Mrs. W indsur. 

Aliss Wing. 

Mrs. Wink field. 

Mrs. Alexander W oods. 

Miss Wood. 

Miss W oolcr. 

Aliss Wrav. 

Airs. H. P. W right. 

Miss Phoebe Wricht. 

Mrs. C. F. Wvldc. 

Aliss K. Wvldc. 

Aliss A fan- Wvldc. 



Mrs. H. B. Yates. 
Aliss Emily Yates. 

Airs. George Ziegler. 



«3 



LIST OF VISITORS 



Miss Clementina Adam. 


Mrs. Blake. 


jMrs. Harold Carr. 


Miss K. Adamson. 


Mrs. Blakeman. 


Mrs. Carr (Elthan^). 


Airs. Adamson. 


Mrs. Fleming Blaine. 


Mrs. Bentley-Carr. 


Mrs. A hern. 


Mrs. Blaylock. 


Mrs. Carruthers. 


Mrs. Aird. 


FI. W. Bond, Esq. 


Mrs, Carter. 


Miss Alcock. 


Mrs. Bond. 


Miss Cave. 


Mrs. Aldridge. 


Mrs. Bonsey. 


Mrs. G. Chambers. 


Miss Alger. 


Mrs. Boon. 


Mrs. Chamberlayne. 


Mrs. C. Allan. 


iMiss Booth. 


ATrs. George Chapman. 


Miss Allanson. 


Lady Boston (Convenor). 


Airs. Chapman (Heme Bay). 


Mrs. Allen. 


Mrs. Boston. 


Mrs. Chapman. 


Miss y\Ilen. 


Mrs. Edward Bovcy. 


Airs. Christie-AIiller. 


Miss Allum. 


Mrs. Bowen. 


Aliss N, Chute. 


Mrs. Anderson. 


Mrs. Bowlby. 


Airs. Cleaver. 


Miss Appleby. 


Mrs. Bowen. 


Mrs. (Leghorn. 


Miss Arkle. 


Miss Bowen. 


Miss (-lemengcr. 


Mrs. Arm it age. 


Mrs. Bowman. 


Mrs. Clements. 


Miss Armitage. 


Mrs. Boyle. 


Mrs. Clieve, 


Mrs. Armstrong. 


G. R. Brigstock, Esq. 


Mrs. Clifton-Browne. 


Aliss Armstrong. 


Mrs. Brock-Hollinshead. 


Mrs. Clover. 


Mrs. Arnaud. 


Miss Brockman. 


Rev. Teesdale W. Cockcll. 


Miss Arnaud (Convenor). 


Mrs. Digby Bell. 


Miss Aladgc Coddington. 


Miss Arnott. 


Mrs. Bromilow. 


Miss Coker. 


Mrs. Ash. 


The Misses Brooks. 


Miss Coleman. 


Mrs. Ashdown. 


Mrs. Brooks. 


Miss G. Collins (Convenor) 


Mrs. Ash worth. 


Mrs. Russell Brown. 


Aliss Collis. 


Mrs. Askew. 


Peter Brown. Esc]. 


Mrs. Colquhoun. 


Mrs. Atkinson. 


Mrs. W. Brown. 


Aliss Colvin. 


Mrs. Austin. 


Miss Brown. 


Miss C. AI. Cooke. 


Mrs. Selwyn vYustin. 


Mrs. Brunt. 


Aliss M. E, Cookson. 


Mrs. S. G. Alexander. 


Mrs. Bryan. 


G, E. Cooper, Esq. 




Mrs. Buchanan. 


Airs. Corbett. 


Mrs. Bacon. 


Mrs. Buckingham. 


Miss Corncy. 


Mrs. Bagnall (Convenor). 


Mrs. Buckland. 


Aliss Cornwall-Bailey. 


Mrs. H. Bagster-Wilson. 


Mrs. Buckle. 


Miss Gladys Cottrill. 


Mrs. Baillie. 


Miss Buckle. 


Mrs. George Couch. 


Mrs. Archer Baker. 


Mrs. Budge. 


Airs. Coulman. 


Mrs. Bladwin. 


Mrs. Budgett. 


Airs. Cox. 


iMiss E. Ball. 


Miss Burd. 


Aliss Craig. 


Mrs. Bannatyne 


jMrs. Burritt. 


Miss Creighton. 


(ConAenor) 


Mrs. Burgess. 


Airs. Creswick. 


Miss Bannister. 


Mrs. Busby. 


Mrs. Crewdson. 


Miss Barclay. 


Miss Butters. 


Mrs. Christian. 


Mrs. John Barker. 


jMrs. Buxton. 


Mrs. E. V. Crooks. 


Mrs. Barker. 


Mrs. T. Lewis Byron. 


A. W. Crooks, Esq. 


Mrs. Barlow. 




(Convenor), 


Mrs. Barrett. 


Mrs. Calver. 


Mrs. Crosse. 


Mrs. Barf()n. 


jMrs. Calvin. 


Miss Cudwonh. 


iVIiss Dorothy Bates. 


Mrs. Cameron. 


Mrs. Gumming. 


F. Bateson, Esq. 


Mrs. Campbell. 


Mrs. Cunningham 


Mrs, Yates-Baxter 


Miss Carey (Ruchestcr). 


(Con\cnor) 


(Convenor). 


Mrs. Cantlcy. 


Mrs. Curtis. 


Lady Beaverbrook. 


Mrs, Cardwcll. 


Mrs. Cutler. 


D. H. Beckett, Esq. 


Mrs. Carey (Orpington). 




Mrs. Bedell. 


Mrs. Carey (Belfast). 


P. Daintry, Est). 


Mrs. G. H. Bell. 


Mrs. Cargill. 


Miss Daniels. 


Miss Alice Bell. 


W. R. Charles, Esq. 


Mrs, d'Arcy. 


Mrs. Bevan. 


(Convenor) . 


Mrs. Darling. 


Mrs. Lyons-Biggar. 


Mrs. Carles. 


Mrs. Darnwall. 


Mrs. & Miss Blackburn. 


Mrs. I. Carr, 





84 



LIST OF VISITORS— r^/7//>///r«' 



Miss E. M. Davidson 


Mrs. Firth (Convenor). 


Mrs. Griffin. 


(Convenor). 


Miss A. M. B. Fisher. 


Miss Griffin. 


Mrs. Davis. 


The Misses Fison. 


Mrs. Griffith (Convenor), 


Mrs. Dawson. 


Mrs. Fitzmaurize 


Mrs. Griffiths. 


Lady de Bunsen. 


(Convenor) 


Miss Griffiths. 


Mrs. de Grey. 


Mrs. H. Flemming. 


The Lady Arthur 


Mrs. de Lotbinierc. 


Mrs. Forbes (Convenor). 


Grosvenor. 


Miss Derby (Convenor). 


Mrs. Forbes. 


Mrs. Percival Grundy. 


Mrs. Dcsborough. 


Mrs. Charles Foreman. 


Mrs. Gylling. 


Mrs. Devenish. 


Miss Lucy Forrest. 




Mrs. De Witt. 


Mrs. Forrester. 


Miss Hagarty. 


Miss T. Dodge. 


Mrs. Forshaw. 


Miss Haggle. 


Mrs. Donaldson (Convenor) 


Miss Fortesque. 


Mrs. \V. Hale. 


Mrs. Doncastcr. 


Miss Foskett. 


Lady Hall. 


The Marchioness of 


Mrs. Foster. 


Mrs. Hamilton. 


Donegal!. 


Col. Foster. 


Miss Hammond 


Miss Douglas. 


Miss Foster. 


(Convenor) 


Mrs. Douglas. 


Miss Foulis. 


Mrs. Hammond. 


Miss Edna Douglas. 


Mrs. Freeth. 


Mrs. Hancock. 


Mrs. Dromard. 


Mrs. Fulford. 


Miss Hankey. 


Miss Kate Drummond. 


Mrs. Fuller. 


Mrs. Happer (Convenor). 


Mrs. Du Boulay. 


Mrs. Fullcrton. 


Mrs. Hare. 


Mrs. Duffus. 




Mrs. Hargreaves. 


Mrs. Dugdale. 


Mrs. Gainsford. 


Miss Harland. 


Mrs. Duggan. 


Mrs. Garlick. 


Miss Harley. 


Mrs. Dyer. 


Mrs. Garton. 


Miss Harman. 


Miss Duncan. 


Mrs. F. Gaudet. 


-Miss D. F. Hart. 




Mrs. Getting. 


Miss Hartley. 


Miss Beatrice Earls. 


Mrs. Gibbons. 


Mrs. Gardiner Harvey. 


Mrs. Easton. 


Mrs. James Gibson. 


Miss Dorothy Harvev. 


Mrs. E. A. Edlest(jn. 


Mrs. Gill. 


Mrs. F. D. Hasker. 


Mrs. A. W. Edmunston. 


Mrs. Austin Gillies. 


Mrs. Hastings. 


Lady Edwards. 


Miss Gibruth. 


Miss Hay. 


Rev. E. j. W. Elliott. 


Miss Glanficld. 


Mrs. J. Hayward. 


Sister Elizabeth. 


Miss Violet Goft'. 


Mrs. Lewis Haywood 


Miss Hilda Elkinson. 


Mrs. Trevor-Gort". 


(Convenor) 


Mrs. Ellam. 


Mrs. Goldsmith 


Mrs. Hazell. 


Mrs. Ellis. 


(Convenor) 


Mrs. F. W. Heape. 


Mrs. Ellis-Danvers. 


Mrs. Goodman. 


Miss Maude Heath. 


Miss Ellison. 


Mrs. Gordon. 


Ernest Henderson, Esq. 


Mrs. Elwcll. 


Miss M. Goring. 


Mrs. Henderson. 


Mrs. Ralph Enstonc. 


Lady Gough. 


Mrs. Hemsley Henson. 


Mrs. Evans (Croydon). 


Mrs. Goulden. 


Mrs. Hetherington 


Mrs. Evans (Hcndon). 


-Miss CjOw. 


(Convenor) 


Mrs. Evans (Convenor). 


Mrs. Gradwell. 


Mrs. He ward. 


Mrs. Evans (Hyde Park). 


Mrs. Arthur (iraham. 


Mrs. Hay worth. 


Stanley Evans, Esq. 


Miss Violet Graham. 


Mrs. Heyworth. 


Mrs. Everett. 


Mrs. Christian Gray. 


Frederick Hibberd, Esq. 


Mrs. Everingham. 


Miss E. M. Gray. 


iMiss Hichens. 


Mrs. Ewens. 


Miss Gray. 


Miss Higginson. 


Mrs. Evans (Hove). 


Miss Mary Grav. 


Mrs. Highate. 




xMrs. W. Gray. ' 


Mrs. Archdale Hill. 


Mrs. Faber. 


Mrs. Greaves. 


Mrs. Hitchcock. 


Mrs. Fagen. 


Mrs. Green. 


Airs. Hodgkinson. 


Mrs. E. Falls. 


Miss Green. 


Airs. Hodgson. 


Mrs. Ferguson-Davie. 


Mrs. L. Green. 


Mrs. Neville Hogg. 


Miss J. C. Field. 


Lady Greenall (Convenor). 


Mrs. Holdsworth. 


Mrs. Finch in. 


Mrs. Greenall. 


.\. R. Holford, Esq. 


Miss Finnic. 


The Hon. Mrs. Grenfell. 


Mrs. Holgate. 


Mrs, Finnis, 


Mrs. Grice. 


Mrs. Holrovd. 



S5 



LIST OF VISITORS— ron/in/^d 



Mrs. Honcyboumc. 


Miss King. 


Mrs. Manning 


Mrs. W. Hornby 


Mrs. Kingman. 


(PangbourrKr). 


(Convenor). 


Lady Knowles, 


Mrs. Manning 


Mrs. Horrocks. 


Mrs, Knowles. 


(Southampton'^ 


Mrs. Houghton. 


Mrs. Knox-Gore. 


Mrs. Markham. 


Miss Catherine Howard. 


Mrs. Krabbc. 


Miss J. Marr. 


Mrs. Howard. 




Mrs. W. Marshall. 


Mrs. Hoyles. 


Miss Laird. 


Mrs. Marshall. 


Mrs. Huddart. 


Mrs. Lamb. 


Miss Marshall. 


Mrs. G. B. Hudson. 


Mrs. Lambert. 


Miss Martyn. 


Miss Mary Hughes. 


Miss Elsie Lanfcar. 


Miss Martin. 


Mrs. Hughes. 


Miss Larpent. 


G. Martyn, Esq. 


Mrs. Charles Hunt. 


iMrs. Latta. 


Mrs. Master, 


Mrs. Hunter. 


Mrs, Talbot Laybourne. 


Mrs. H. Master. 


Mrs. Hunwicke. 


Mrs. Charles Laycock. 


Mrs. Masters. 


Mrs. Hurst. 


Aliss Laycock. 


Mrs. Matheson. 


Mrs. Hurse. 


Miss H, LcCocq. 


Mrs. Matthews. 


Mrs, Hyeem. 


Miss Lee. 


Mrs. Mathias. 




Mrs. Lefroy (Convenor). 


Mrs. Marly-Sims. 


Mrs. Ingall. 


Miss Lefroy (Convenor). 


Mrs. Melland. 


Miss Ingram. 


Mrs. Gordon Lewis. 


Miss Mellors. 


Mrs. Ironside. 


Mrs. Percy Lewis. 


Mrs. Melville, 


Mrs. Ivor Roberts. 


Mrs. Lochead. 


Miss Meredith. 




Mrs. Lockhart. 


Mrs, Middleton. 


Mrs. Ernest Jacks. 


Miss Lock wood. 


The Misses Milburn 


Mrs. W. F. Jackson 


iMiss Lomax. 


(Convenors) . 


(Convenor). 


Mrs. Longbottham' 


Mrs, Miles, 


Mrs. Ward Jackson. 


Miss Lord. 


Mrs. Mill. 


Mrs. Jackson. 


Mrs. Lowe. 


Mrs. Millais. 


Miss D. Jackson. 


Mrs. Arthur Lyell. 


Miss M. G. Miller. 


Mrs. James. 


Mrs. Lyne (Convenor). 


Mrs. Millington, 


Mrs. Arthur S. Jameson. 


Mrs. Lidwell. 


Mrs, Mitchell. 


Miss Jamieson. 




Miss A, Mitchinson, 


Mrs. Gladwyn-Jebb. 
iMiss G. Jebb. 


Miss Macbeth. 


Mrs. Mobbs. 


Mrs. Macassey. 


Miss Montizambert 


Mrs. Jeffrey. 


Miss MacConnachic. 


(Convenor) 


Mrs. Jelf. 


Misses McCracken. 


Miss C. W. Moore. 


Mrs. O. A. Jennings. 


Mrs. and Miss McCrae. 


Mrs. Moore. 


Mrs. Johnston. 


Miss MacDonald. 


Miss E. Morris. 


Miss Helena Johnston. 


Mrs. MacFarlanc. 


Miss Morris. 


Miss Johnson. 


Miss iViacFarlane. 


Mrs. Morrison" 


Miss Frances JoUey. 


Mrs. MacGillvray. 


Mrs. Mort. 


jMrs. Arketell Jones. 


Mrs. McGregor. 


jMrs. Morton. 


iMrs. Jones. 


Capt. C. F. Miller-McKay. 


Mrs. Mosley, 


Miss Emily Jones. 


jMrs. McKay CConvenor). 


Mrs. Moshicr. 


Miss Jones (Hatch End). 


Mrs. McKeen. 


Mrs. Moyes. 


Mrs. Christian Jones. 


Mrs. Duncan Mcintosh. 


Mrs. Muir. 


Mrs. Mortimer Jones. 


Mrs. McLachlan. 


iMrs, Munro, 


Mrs. Joyner (Convenor). 


iMrs. McLean. 


The Hon. Mrs. Ronald 


Col. Juxon-Jones. 


Miss MacLeod Moore. 


Afurray 




Mrs. Macklin (Convenor). 


Mrs. Naish. 


Mrs. Bateman Kaye. 


Mrs. McPhedran. 


Miss W. Nash. 


Mrs. Keating. 


Mrs. McPherson. 


The Misses B. & M. Ncal. 


Mrs. T. P. Keen. 


Miss McPherson (Hythe). 


Charles G. Neat, Esq. 


Mrs. Piers Kekewich, 


Miss McPherson 


Mrs. Neelcy. 


Mrs. Kelly. 


(Manchester) 


Mrs, Walter Ncilson. 


Mrs. Kennedy. 


Mrs. Machell. 


Mrs. Neller. 


xMrs. R. W. Kerr. 


Mrs. Madeley (Convenor). 


Mrs. Nelles. 


Miss E. Kerr- Wilson. 


Miss Majendic. 


Mrs. Nelson. 


Mrs. Kesteven-Balsbaw. 


Miss Mallam. 


Miss Neville. 



86 



LIST OF VISITORS-^tf«/m«f^ 



Mrs. Nice. 


Miss Pugh, 


Mrs. Jasper Nicolls. 


Mrs. Purdon. 


Miss C. Nicholson. 


Mrs. Auborne Pyke, 


Mrs. Norts. 9 




Miss Nunn. 


Mrs. Raikes. 


Mrs. Nunnely. 


Mrs. Ramsay Wrighr. 


Miss Nutman. 


The Hon. Mrs. Ramsden. 


Mrs. Nutall. 


Mrs. Rathbone-Edge. 




Mrs. Recce. 


The Dowager Lady Oakcley 


Mrs. Charles Reid. 


Mrs. A. J. Oakshott. 


Mrs. Reid. 


Mrs. O'DclI. 


Mrs. Reid. 


Miss Opie. 


Mrs. Richards. 


Mrs. Oliphant. 


Mrs. Richardson. 


Mrs. Oliver. 


Mrs. H. P. Richardson. 


Miss Oliver. 


Airs. Richardson. 


Mrs. Oliver. 


Mrs. ik Miss Richardson. 


Mrs. Ollenershaw. 


Mrs. Richardson. 


'I'he Countess of Onslow. 


Mrs. Riddick (Convenor). 


Mrs. Osbourne. 


Lady Ripley. 


Lady Osier. 


iMrs. Ritching. 


Mrs. Oulton. 


Mrs. Robb. ' 




Miss Alaude Roberts. 


Mrs. Paige. 


Miss G. Roberts. 


Mrs. Paine. 


Mrs. A. T. Roberts. 


Mrs. Eustace l^almer. 


Mrs. Lancelot Roberts. 


Mrs. Papineau. 


Mrs. Roberts. 


Miss Perry. 


Mrs. Roberts. 


Mrs. Parkes. 


Mrs. Robertson (Conxenor) 


Miss M. Parkinst)n. 


Rev. VC'. L. Robertson. 


Mrs. Parmenter. 


Mrs. C. Robinson. 


Mrs. Leonard Parsons. 


Mrs. Rose. 


Miss Partridge. 


Miss Rose. 


Mrs. Warren Pearl 


Miss H. Rotberham. 


(Convenor). 


Mrs. Rowel! . 


Mrs. Pearsc. 


Miss Rowlandson. 


iMrs. Pearson (Hccles). 


Mrs. Rov. 


Mrs. Pearson. 


Mrs. Ryde. 


Mrs. Pelham Burn. 


Miss Amy Ryder. 


Mrs. Penfold. 


Lady Robertson. 


Miss Penrhyn. 




Miss Ruth Peascy. 


Miss R. St. John Kncller. 


Mrs. Perset. 


Mrs. Crofton Sankey. 


Mrs. Phipps. 


Mrs. Sankey. 


Miss Phipps. 


Mrs. Sarel. 


Miss Mablc Pickering. 


Miss Saward. 


A. Piers, Esq. 


Mrs. Sawyer. 


Mrs. Pine. 


Lady Scobell. 


Miss Pollock. 


Miss H. Schofield. 


Mrs. Russell Pophani. 


xMiss Scott. 


Lady Porter. 


Mrs. W. H. Scott. 


Mrs. Potter. 


Mrs. Scott. 


Mrs. and Miss Potts 


Miss Scott. 


(Convenors). 


Mrs. Scott-Moncrieft". 


A. D. Power, Esq. 


Mrs. Scott-Steele. 


Mrs. Pratt. 


Mrs. Scrase. 


Mrs. G. Courtney Pratt. 


Mrs. Winthrop Sears. 


Major and Mrs. Prickett. 


Miss Screcold. 


Mrs. Prime. 


Mrs. Seymour. 


Mrs, Prior, 


Mrs. Shankland. 



Miss Shapcott. 

Mrs. C. C. Sharman 

Mrs. Shaw. 

Mrs. Cecil Shaw. 

Mrs. Shepherd (Orpington). 

Mrs. Shepherd (Convenor). 

Mrs. Sherbrookc. 

Miss Sherman. 

Mrs. Shipton. 

Robert Short, Esq. 

Mrs. Shorter. 

Mrs. Silcock (Convenor). 

.Miss Maude Simmonds. 

Mrs. Simms. 

Mrs. Simpson (Glasgow). 

Mrs. Simpson. 

Miss Sinclair. 

Mrs. Skimming. 

Mrs. Sloane-Stanley. 

Mrs. Smalc. 

Mrs. Smart. 

Miss Ethel Smith. 

Mrs. Reginald Smith. 

Mrs. Lindsay Smith. 

Mrs. Russell Smith. 

Miss R. Saumarez Smith. 

Miss A. Smithies. 

Mrs. S my the. 

Mrs. Sebastian Snow. 

Miss A. Snow. 

Lady Snow. 

Mrs. Snow. 

Mrs. Arthur Sowden. 

Mrs. Spearing. 

Mrs. Spragg (Convenor). 

Mrs. Spralling. 

Mrs. Stamford. 

Mrs. Stanley. 

Mrs. Stanley Clarke. 

Mrs. S. Steele. 

Miss Stegant. 

Miss Stephenson 

(Convenor). 

Miss Stephenson (Taplow). 

Miss Stevens (Convenor). 

Mrs. Stevenson. 

.Mrs. Stewart. 

Mrs. Stewart of Ballechin. 

Mrs. S. Stewart. 

Mrs. Cameron Stewart, 

Miss Stiff. 

The Hon, Mrs. Walter 

Stopford (Convenor). 
Miss Dora Stopford. 
Mrs. Storie. 
The Countess of 

Stradbroke. 
Miss Lee Strathy. 
Mrs. Montague Stuart, 
Miss Sutcliffe, 



«7 



LIST OF VISITORS— n9;///wW 



Mrs. Norman Sutton. 

F. E. Swabcy, Esq. 

Mrs. Swabey. 

Miss Swan (Convenor). 

Miss Swan. 

Miss Swinev. 

Rev. W . Svkes. 

Miss Tanner. 

Miss Tapsficld. 

Miss Tapson. 

Sister Tarling. 

Mrs. Tate. 

Mrs. Godfrey Taunton. 

Mrs. Taylor (Orpington). 

Miss Taylor. 

Mrs. Tavlor (Bristol). 

Mrs. F. M. Taylor. 

Mrs. J. Taylor. 

Mrs. James Taylor. 

The Misses Taylor. 

Mrs. Taylor (Galley). 

jMrs. Temple. 

Mrs. Thomas. 

Mrs. Thursfield 

(Convenor). 
Miss M. E. Tidd. 
Miss Ada Tidd. 
Mrs. Beauchamp-Tower. 
Mrs. Townshend 

(Convenor). 
Mrs. St. Clair Townshend. 
Mrs. Trembeth. 
Lady Trevor. 
Mrs. Trevor-Thomas. 
Mrs. Tulloch. 
Miss C. Tucicer. 
Mrs. Allan Turner. 
Mrs. Turner 

(Northampton). 
Mrs. C. A. Turner. 
Miss Turner. 
Mrs. Turner-Payne. 
Miss Tydd. 

Miss Udall, 
Miss Unett. 

Mrs. Van Bergen, 

Mrs. Van Kleek, 

The Hon. Anne Vanncck. 

Miss Muriel Vardon. 

Mrs, Vicary. 

Mrs. C. J. Vincctt 

(Convenor). 
Mrs. Vines. 
Mrs. and Miss Vokins. 

Miss Walcott. 
Mrs, Walker. 



Mrs. Wallace (Convenor). 

Mrs. Godfrey Walter. 

Mrs. Stewart Walters. 

Miss Warren. 

The Misses Warren. 

Mrs. Warwick. 

Miss Marguerite Watson. 

Mrs. Foster- Watson. 

Mrs. Somerset- Webb. 

Mrs. Webb-Johnson. 

Mrs. Webster. 

Miss Webster. 

Lady Weir. 

Mrs. Welch. 

Miss West. 

Miss Wetherall. 

Miss Whea . 

Miss Wheatcroft. 

Mrs. Whinneray. 

Mrs. Whitaker. 

Miss Fanny White. 

Miss White. 

Mrs, White (Convenor). 

Miss C. Whitehead. 

Mrs. Whitehead. 

Mrs. Whitelegg. 

Miss Whitelock, 

Mrs. Whitton. 

Miss Whitworth. 

Mrs. Wieler. 

Miss Wiles. 

jMrs. Wilkinson. 

Mrs. Williams. 

Miss Williams. 

Mrs. F. Williatns. 

Mrs. Williams (Burnham). 

Mrs. Wilson (Convenor). 

Miss Phyllis Wilson 

(Convenor) . 
Mrs. Thorold Wincklcv. 
Miss Win^. 
Miss Wintle. 
Mrs. Wise (ConAcnor). 
Mrs. Wodehouse. 
Mrs. Wood. 
Mrs. Wood. 
Miss Wood. 
Mrs. Wood. 
F. W. Wood, Esq. 
Mrs. Henry Wood. 
Mrs. Greig Wood. 
Mrs. Woodcock 

(Convenor) 
Mrs. Woodhams. 
The Lady Susan Worsley. 
Mrs. Worslev. 
Mrs. C. Wrcford. 
Mrs. A. W. Wright. 
Mrs. Wright. 
Mrs. Wrightson. 



Mrs. Wvatt. 
Miss Wylde. 

Mrs. Holland "h'oung. 
Miss Young. 
Mrs. Young. 



RESERVE VISITORS. 

France. 
Mrs. Booker. 
Mrs. Stephen. 
Mrs. Lawrence Elliott. 
Mrs. Clipperton. 
Miss Martha Clarke. 

lingland. 
Mrs. Bartlett. 
Mrs. Barton. 
Miss Bellamy, 
Mrs. R. J, Burns. 
Mrs. Coupe. 
Mrs. Dunne. 
Mrs. Hoult. 
Miss Ives. 
Miss E. Tones. 
Mrs. F. O. King. 
Miss Kingsford. 
Mrs. Lumbers. 
Miss Jean Manson. 
Mrs. Morgan. 
Mrs. J. P. Oliver. 
Mrs. John Rae. 
Mrs. Ryde. 
Mrs. Sorby. 
Mrs. Street, 



VISITORS TO SPECIAL 
CASES. 

Mrs. C. O. Atkinson. 

Mrs. Backwell. 

Captain Rev. G. M, Barrow. 

Mrs. Basden-Smith. 

Mrs. Borthwick. 

Mrs. Gurid Bouli 

(Norwegian). 
Mrs. Bramwall. 
Mrs. Gordon Brown. 
Major the Rev. Buckland. 
Mrs. Casgrain. 
Mrs. de la Berc. 
Mme. de Rey. 
Mrs. H. V. Duggan. 
Miss Duke. 
Miss Duncalfe. 
Mme. Ermolaiefi, 



$8 



LIST OF VISITORS— m«//>?//¥^ 



Rev. H. A. Edwards. 
Mrs. Forrester. 
Capt. the Rev. J. D. 

Freeman, D.D. 
Miss Mar\' E. Trcmainc 

Gibson 
Mrs. Grant Mordcn. 
Mrs. Koucharjevsky 

(Russian) 
Mrs. Mcadus. 
Miss Montizambcrr. 
Miss E. Morris. 
Miss Morris. 
iMrs. L. Murray. 
Mrs. Murray. 
Mr. Scrano Nakano 

(Japanese). 
Mrs. Perrott. 
Mrs. Patterson Murphy. 
A. G. Rickards, Esq., K.C!. 
Miss Agnes Roberts. 
Mrs. Robson. 
Mrs. W. Stavert. 
Serbian Red Cross. 
Japanese Embassy. 
Francis A. Stewart, Escj. 
Rev. Louis Verdicr (French 

Protestant Episcopal 

Church). 
\rrs. D. Watson. 



ODD TIMF: VfSlTORS- 

Mrs. Rosamund. 

Mrs. Snell. 

Mrs, Struan Robertson. 

Mrs. St. John. 

Mrs. Simpson. 

Mrs. SaundLTs. 

Mrs. B. Ingraham. 

Mrs. Mullins. 

Mrs. G. Bingay. 

Mrs. Bradshaw. 

Mrs. Bowlby. 

Mrs. J. Coneys. 

Miss Denton. 

Miss Dixon. 

Mrs. Illif. 

Mrs. C. E. Lee. 

Mrs. Osier. 

Miss Randall. 

R. Poynton, Esq. 

Mrs. Real. 

Miss Redpath. 

Miss Stark. 

Mrs. Stewart. 

Mrs. Hollinger. 



Mrs. Slinger. 

Miss Hammond. 

Mrs. Floarc. 

Miss Hill. 

Miss Hayworih, 

Miss Hay. 

Mrs. Harte. 

Mrs. Kinloch. 

Mrs. King-Wilson. 

Mrs. Norman Johnston. 

Miss Irv^ine. 

Miss Ives. 

Mrs. Hughes. 

Mrs. Moore. 

Mrs. Wells. 

Mrs. Wells-Cole. 

Mrs. J. Wells. 

Miss Wat kins. 

Miss Watcrhouse. 

Mrs. Macaulcy Arnaud. 

.Mrs. SkefHngton 

Thompson. 



lORMlR \iSirORS. 

Mrs. .Vdderlcy. 
Mrs. Agar-Adamson. 
Mrs. S. G. Alexander. 
Miss Algay. 
Mrs. vMlanbv. 
Mrs. G. A Hum. 
Miss S. Allum. 
•Mrs. Alnott. 
Mrs. B. Ames. 
Mrs. Anderson. 
Mrs. Anquier. 
Mrs. Archibald. 
Mrs. Argles. 
Miss Argles. 
Mrs. Arm it age. 
Mrs. Arnold! . 
Mrs. Ashton. 
Miss Avoline. 
Miss Adams. 

Airs. Bagnall. 

Mde. de Bartholmcy. 

Mrs. Bevan. 

Mrs. Biggar. 

Mrs. G. Bingay. 

Mrs. H. Blake. 

Miss Blake, 

Mrs. M. F. Blandford. 

Airs. Blandy. 

Mrs. Bond. 

Mrs. R. Bowie. 

Mrs. Brooke. 



Mrs. 
Miss 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Miss 
Miss 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 



Brooks, 
Brown. 
M, Brown, 
Burn-Murdoch, 

F. Balston, 
and iNIiss Baker. 
Brailsford. 
Beevor. 

D, Bell. 

Blackey. 

Bradshaw. 

B re wis. 

Burnett. 

Byrne. 

Batchelor. 

Broom. 

Bolton. 

G. H, Bowlby, 
Archer Baker, 



Mrs. J. Calvin, 
.Miss Campbell. 
Mrs. Campbell. 
Mrs, Renton-Campbcll. 
.Mrs. Cardale. 
Mrs. Cassels. 
Mrs. Carling. 
Mrs. Carter. 
Mrs. Chitham. 
Mrs. Cholmley. 
Mrs. Clark-Kennedy. 
Mrs, Cleghorn. 
Mrs. Cleveland-Smith. 
George Cochrane, F'sc], 
Miss Coneys, 
-Mrs, J. J. Cooke, 
Mrs, and Miss Cooke. 
Miss v.. Corr.lli. 
Miss E. Cotton, 
Miss Cotton. 
Miss F. Cotton, 
Mrs. Craven. 
Mrs. Crawford. 
Mrs. W. Creyke. 
Mrs. Crook. 
Miss Crother, 
Mrs. Cunningham, 
Dowager Countess 

Cranford, 
Mrs, Crossley. 
Mrs. Coupe. 
Mrs. F. A. Cobbold. 
Mrs. George Cartwright. 

Miss Dalton. 

Mrs, Davidson. 

The Hon N. Dawnay. 

Miss M. Day. 

Her Excellency Lady de 

Bunsen, 



89 



LIST OF VISITORS 


— continued 




Mrs. H, P. Dimmock. 


Mrs. L. Holder n. 


iMrs. Martin-Hall. 


Mrs, Dixon. 


Airs. Hornby. 


Miss J. Melrose. 


Mrs. Donncr. 


Mrs. Houston. 


Mrs. S. Mengies. 


Mrs. Doubblc. 


Mrs. S. Houston. 


Mrs. A. Meredith. 


Mrs. Drummond. 


Mrs. Howard. 


Miss M. Millar. 


Mrs. Drury, 


Mrs. Hudson. 


Mrs. Money. 


Mrs. Dulckon. 


Miss A. Hudson. 


iMrs. Moore. 


Mrs. Dcnnc. 


Miss D. Hudson, 


Miss McGibbon. 


Miss Dobbin. 


Mrs. Hammond. 


Mrs. McGillvray. 


Mrs. N. Drew. 


Mrs. Hughes. 


Mrs. G. Mcintosh. 


Mrs. Dyas. 


Mrs. Hooper. 


iMrs. Mclntyre. 


Mrs. Duggan. 


Mrs. Higson. 


Mrs, MacKarness, 


Mrs. Decks. 


Mrs. E. Holncss. 


Mrs, Mac Vicar. 




F. F. Handley, Esq. 


Mrs. Moore. 


Mrs, Elliott. 


R. E. Hill, Esq. 


Airs. McLaren. 


Mrs. Edwards. 




Aliss E. Alaclnnes. 


Miss Edwards. 


Mrs. Ingraham. 


iMrs. Aloore. 


Mrs. Elphinson. 


Mrs. Ingraham. 


Mrs. Alar ten. 


Miss England. 


Miss Elsie Ives. 


Airs. Alattinson. 


Mrs. Evans. 


iMrs. Isborn. 


iMrs. C. K. S. MacDonell 


Mrs. Eastham. 






Mrs. Elliott. 


Mrs. James. 


Mrs. H. G. Nyblett. 




Miss Jamieson. 


Miss Nairn. 


Mrs. Fallis. 


Miss Jennings. 




The Misses Fcrrier. 


Mrs. N. Johnston. 


Aliss Oldfield. 


Mrs. Fox. 


Miss Jones. 


iMiss Oldham. 


Mrs. Flewitt. 


Mrs. Jones. 


Airs. O'Donahoe. 


Mrs. E. B. Finlay. 


Mrs. Jordan. 


Airs. Outerbridge. 


jMrs. Flower. 


iMrs. Jagoe. 


Mrs. Obed-Smith. 


Mrs. Firebrace. 


Mrs. James. 


Airs. Palmer. 


Mrs. Gillespie. 


Mrs. Kervvick. 


iMde. Panet. 


Mrs. Golden. 


iMiss Kendall. 


iMrs. Parmelee. 


Miss Goodwin. 


iMiss Kent. 


Mrs. H. Partington. 


Mrs. G. Grant. 


iVIrs. Kidd. 


Miss G. Partridge. 


Mrs. Gwycr. 


Mrs. King- Wilson. 


Mrs. R. Peake. 


Mrs. Gyde. 


Mrs. Kinloch. 


iMrs. Pelmore. 


Mrs. Gamble. 


iMrs. Kilcoin. 


Airs. Penhallow. 


Mrs. A. D. Green. 




Mrs. Pinkey. 


Mrs. Herbert Greg. 


Lady Lake. 


Mrs. Pinnock. 


Mrs. Gibson. 


iMrs. Langley. 


iMiss Pixley. 


Mrs. Griffith. 


Mrs. Leishman. 


Miss Purey-Cust. 


Lady Godson. 


Mrs. Leonard. 


Airs. Pym. 


Miss Garden. 


Mrs. Leslie. 


Mrs. Pearson. 


Mrs. Gerding. 


iMrs. Leslie. 


Mrs. Page. 


Mrs. Hadley. 


Miss Levett. 


Mrs. Phipps. 


Mrs. A. E. Hammond. 


iMrs. H. Lloyd. 


Mrs. Percival. 


Mrs. Hampson. 


iMiss Lloyd-Baker. 


Airs, Pratt. 


Mrs. Harrison. 


Mrs. J. Louche. 


iMrs. P. Potter. 


Mrs. Hart. 


Mrs. Lund. 


Aliss Plumtrec. 


H. Hartley, Esq. 


iMrs. Lawton. 


Aliss K. M. Packard. 


Miss Hatterslie. 


Mrs. Langley. 




Mrs. Hazel 1. 


iMrs. A. Lyell. 


Aliss Randall. 


Miss Hay. 


Miss G. Lea. 


Mrs. Randolph. 


Mrs. Heath. 


Mrs. Lowe. 


Lady RatclifFe-Ellis. 


Miss Hill. 


Mrs. W. Leggatt. 


Mrs. Rhodes. 


iMrs. Hitchcock. 


Mrs. Lewis. 


Mrs. Richardson, 


Miss I. M. Hoare. 


Mrs. Lloyd-Jones. 


Aliss K. Rickaby. 


Miss Hobson. 




Airs. Ridout. 


Mrs. Hoffman. 


Mrs. Malone. 


Miss Roberts, 



90 



LIST OF VISITORS—. 


'ontitmtd 




Rev. L, Robertson. 


Mrs. Scott. 


Miss Tyrwhitt-Drakc. 


Mrs. V. Robertson 


Miss Snelling. 


Miss Tempest Hicks. 


Mrs. Robinson. 


Mrs. Spender. 




Mrs. Rogers. 


Mrs. Springer. 


Mrs. Urquhart. 


Mrs. Rosamund. 


Miss Stansfield. 




Miss Ross. 


Mrs. Stark. 


Prof. W. K. Van der 


jVfrs. Ross. 


Miss Stark. 


Stnissen 


Mrs. Rowden-Hussex . 


Miss Stirling-Stuart. 




Miss Ryan. 


Miss I. Stockley. 


Mrs. Walker. 


Mrs. Real. 


Mrs. Stokes. 


Mrs. R. Walker. 


Mrs. Reid. 


Mrs. E. Street. 


Mrs. Wallace. 


Mrs. Read. 


Mrs. Sutton. 


Mrs. R. Walsh. 


Mrs. Richardson. 


Mrs. J. Swainson. 


Mrs. W heeler-Bennett. 




Miss S. Sams. 


Miss W hite. 


Mrs. St. Loe Strachcv. 


Mrs. T. Sorby. 


Miss Whitehead. 


Mrs. Schoficld. 


Mrs. Stovin. 


Mrs. W\ W ild. 


Miss G. Sccord. 


Mrs. Stavert. 


Mrs. Wilkinson. 


Mrs. Sills. 


Mrs. Otto Shaw . 


Mrs. \\ olfe Merton. 


Sister Elizabeth. 


Mrs. Slinger. 


Miss Wothjrspoon. 


Mrs, Skipworth, 


Colonel Stirling. 


Mrs. Wrinch. 


Nfiss B. Smith. 


Mrs. Stevenson. 


Mrs. E. G. W ynyard. 


Miss E. Smith. 




Mrs. Weigall. 


Mrs. R. Smith. 


Captain Tailyour. 


Mrs. Warner. 


Mrs. Spalding. 


Mrs. A. T. Taylor. 


Mrs. I. Wells. 


I.ady Speed. 


Miss B. Tickell. 


,\frs. Winsbv. 



I • I 



LIST OF HOSTS AND HOSTESSES. 

Sir Geo. Abercromby, Forglcn, Turrcff, N.B. ; Lady Acland, Thirtovcr, Cold Ash ; 
Malcolm R. Aird, Elsq., Woolton House, Newbury ; Mrs. Allhusen, Stoke Court, 
Stoke Pogcs, Bucks. ; Mrs. D. Anderson, Restenneth, West Didsbury, Manchester ; 
Misses Anstruther-Ritchic, Hope Lodge, Moffat, N.B. ; Mrs. Armour, 87, Harlev 
Streer, \V. 

Mrs. Barclay, Essendcn Old Rectory, Hatfield ; Mrs. A. S. Barrett, Chanri7 Villa, Bishop's 
Stortford ; Mrs. Philips Batten, Lufton Manor, Yeovil, Somerset ; Airs. Alan Batten, 
Blue Hayse, Broad Clyst, Devon ; Mrs. Bell, King's Road, Knock, Ireland ; Mrs. 
Walter Berry, 11, Athol Crescent, Edinburgh ; Mrs. P. E. Benn, Mount Leader, 
Millstreet, Co. Cork ; Lady Bessborough, Bessborough, Piltown ; Mrs. Bonvator, 
Wick House, Downton, Salisbury,; Mrs. Bovcy, 16, Hans Road, Knightsbridje ; 
Mrs. Brown, Rycote Park, Whcatley, Oxford ; The Countess Bubna, Carbis dale 
Castle, Culrain, N.B, ; Mrs. Buckelcy, Hillbrooke Place, Iver Heath ; Mrs. Dc 
Bullivant, The Village House, Halstead ; Mrs. Burdon, The Lawn, Lyme Regis ; 
Mr. Ernest Burge, 32, Catherine Street, Buckingham Gate ; Mrs. Bowen-Buscartel, 
The Manor House, Stoke d'Abernon, Surrey ; Lady Byng, Thorpe Hall, Thorpe-le- 
Sokcn, Essex. 

Lady Cardcn, Stargnnc, Newbury, Hants.; Mrs. Carr Ellison, Ferley, Stillorgan, Co. 
Dublin ; Mrs. Carr Ellison, liedgeley Hall, Alnwick, Northumberland ; Mrs. Carr, 
Ditchingham Flail, Norfolk ; C. H. Caverley, Esq., Muxna Lodge^ Kenmare, Co. 
Kerry ; Mrs. Charteris, Cahir Park, Cahir, Co. Tippcrary ; Mrs. Chichester, Horsing- 
ton, Templecombe, Dorset ; Lady Congreve, Mount Congreve, Watcrford ; Ladv 
Clanwilliam, Montalto, Ballynahinch, Co. Down ; Mrs. Clitf, Thornton Flail, Ulceby, 
Lincolnshire ; Major and Mrs. Coltman, BIclack, Dinnet, Aberdeen ; Mrs. Chambers, 
Grove House, Foxrock, Co. Dublin ; Mrs. A. Cole, West Woodhay House, Ncwbur}', 
Berks. ; Mrs. Colfax, Coneygax, Bridport, Dorsetshire ; Mrs. Cook, I3urngrove, 
Montpelier Road, Weston-super-Mare ; Conservative Club, Glasgow ; Miss de 
Winton Corry, Yately Flail, Yately, Flants., near Farnborough ; Sir Dudley Clarke- 
Jervoise, Idsworth Park, Horndean, Hants. ; Aliss Cranbrook, Caythorpe Court, 
Grantham ; Major and Mrs. Critchlcy, Stapleton Towers, Annan, N.B. 

Major Dalr}'mple, Bartley Lodge, Codnam, Hants. ; Hon. Mrs. Dawnry, Hillington Hall, 
King's Lynn ; Mrs. J. Day, 4, Adelaide Place, Cork ; Mrs. Dickson, King William 
College, Castletown, isle of Man ; Aliss Donaldson, Auchineden, Blanefield, N.B. ; 
— . Dupuis, Stratton Strawless, Norwich ; Mrs. Dunn, Coombe Cottage, Kingston 
Hill. 

Colonel Eastwood, Holly Bank, Woodstock ; Mrs. Edgeworth, Cherbury, Bootcrstown, 
Dublin ; — . Flliott-Lockharr, Cleghorn, Lanark, N.B. 

Mrs. R. Fawkes, Parkstone House, Poole, Dorset ; Mrs. Feency, The iMote, Berkswell, 
near Coventry ; iMrs. Ford, Moray Place, Edinburgh ; The Countess Fortescuc, 
Castle Hill, South Molton, Devon ; Colonel and iMrs. Eraser, Bodicotc Lodge, 
Banbury. 

Mrs. F. Gardiner, Thorn Hill, Maline Road, Belfast ; Mrs. Garnett, Greenholmc, Burlcy- 
in-Wharfedale ; Airs. Gatehouse, Bognor Lodge, Bognor, Sussex ; Airs. Gaye, 
Haven Cliff, Seaton, Devon ; Lady Glenconner, The Glen, Innerleithen, Peebles ; 
Marchioness of Graham, Brodick Castle, Isle of Arran ; Aliss Violet Grahame, 
Barlanark, Shettleston, near Glasgow ; Mrs. Roger Gregory', Shoreham House, 
Shorcham, Kent ; Hon. Mrs. Norman Grosvenor, 30, Upper Grosvenor Street, 
W.I ; Mrs. Guillcmard, Malverleys, near Newbury, Bucks. ; Miss Goldsmidt, 
20, Portman Square, W, ; Mrs. Goldman, Walpolc House, C^hiswick ; Airs. Carr 
Gomm, The Chase, Farnham Royal, Bucks. ; iMrs. Gibbings, 11, Lower Montcnalte, 
Cork. 

92 



Lis/ of Hosts and Hostesses — continued 

Mrs. Hal], Narrow Water, Warrcnpoint, Co. Down : Mrs. Hall, Bcntworih Priors, Dorking, 
Surrey ; Mrs. Halliday, Glcnthornc, Brendon, North Devon ; Brian J lamilton, 
C:orricncarn, y\boyne, Aberdeenshire ; Mrs. Hamlyn, Clovelly Court, North Devon ; 
R, J. Harris, Halwill Manor, Beaworthy, North Devon ; Mrs. Hatfield, Hartsdown, 
Margate ; Airs. Hatton, Hagley House, near Stourbridge ; Mrs. Heth;:rington, 
White Knights, Weybridge, Surrey ; W. R. Hickley, Laughananna, Mitchelstown, 
Co. Cork ; Mrs. Hext, Trebah, near Falmouth ; Mrs. Hope-Edwards, Wharton 
Lodge, near Ross, Herefordshire ; Mrs. Howard- Vyse, Stoke Place, Slough ; Mrs. 
yVlexandcr Howden, Cripland Court, Lingtield, Sussex ; Mrs. Hunt, Windermere, 
53, Sheen Road, Richmond ; Mrs. Hussen% Maincombe, Crewkerne, Somerset, 

Mrs. Ivorv, Brewlands, Glenista, near Alvth, N.B. ; Ladv Jardine, Castle Milk, Lockerbie, 
N.B.' 

Mrs. Walter Johnson, Arnclitfe Hall, Northallerton, ^'orks. ; Mrs. Johnson, Ardagh, 
I'^arlswood Road, Belfast; Mr. Alfred Jones, (>, I'ig Tree Courr, Temple, L.C. ; 
Mrs. Joy, Hill Cottage, I^ast Liss, Hants. ;" .\[rs. Judd, Holly Mill, Stoke Poges. 

'J"he Hon. Lady Keane, Cappoquin, Co. \\ atcr ord ; Mrs. Fesius Kellv, Hollington Mouse, 
Newbury. 

Re\ . (^anon L. Lambert, Aston Dene, Knapworth, 1 lens. ; Mrs. Lander, Bucklebury 
Place, W'oolhamptoii, Berks. ; Mrs. Lane, Rathkenny House, Co. Meath ; Mrs. 
Levett, Milford Hall, Stratford ; Mrs. Walter Lefrt)y, r, Harley CJardens, South 
Kensinuton ; Mrs. IJliott Lockhart, (Leghorn, Lanark, N.B. ; Mrs. Lloyd, 08, 
Warwick Scjuare, London ; Mrs. Luke, Adbury House, Newburv ; Lad\- Lumsden, 
Murdan, Murtle, Aberdeen ; Mrs. Lamotte, Yoxford, Suffolk. 

Admiral Sir Arthur May, Treemer, St. Tudy, (Cornwall ; Mrs. Maud, The Poplars, Knock, 
Belfast ; Mrs. Mauran, Petit Sale\e, Croft Road, Torquav ; Mrs. Mee, Oldbury 
Hall, j\thersione, Warwickshire; Mrs. Graham Men/ies, 1 lallvburton, Coupar 
Angus, Perth ; Mrs. M. D. Metcalf, Stone Hall, Oxted, Surrey ; Airs. Miller, Kyle- 
more, Cherryxalley Pari, Knock ; Lady Louisa Morrison-Bell, Otterburn Hall, 
Northumberland ; Hon. Mrs. Morrison-Bell, Harrford House, near Otterv St. .Mary ; 
Mrs. Morrish, Oaklands, Oxshott, Sun-ey ; Mrs. Muirhead, 3, Sidnevville, Bellvue 
Park, Cork ; Mrs. Murphy, The Manse, Belgrave Place, Cork ; Hon. Mrs. Graham 
Murray, 13, (."heyne Place, Chelsea; Miss MacAdani, \rdchoiIle, Bonchurch, Jsle 
of Wight; Miss MacPherson, Heme liill, ballowfield, Mancliester ; Mrs. MacColl, 
Kirkliston Drive, Bloomfield, Belfast ; Mrs. L. J. McC](jnnel], Nunwick, ihmishaugh, 
Northumberland ; Airs. McCort|uodale, (j)und Hall, Shrewsbury ; Miss MacDonald 
Kerrysdale, Gairlock ; Airs. AlcDonald life, Arms Hotel, Braemar ; Air. Leopold 
AIcKenna, Honeys, Twyford, Berks. ; Mrs. Mackay, Glencruittan House, Oban ; 
Airs. Alackay, Woodside, Broughtv bVrr\-, N.B. ; Lady Ann AIurra\, Loch Carron, 
Rosshire, N.B. ; Mrs. McKee. Drumard, Osbonu- Park, Belfiist. 

Airs. Norman, Moor Place, Much iladhuni, 1 lerts. ; Mrs. Nugent, Bally Edmund, Kill- 
owen, Co. Down. 

aMiss Balfour Ogilvie, Airlie Lodge, Brought y Ferry, N.B. ; The Lady Oranmore and 
Browne, Castle AlacGarrett, (Jaremorris, Ireland ; Mrs. Oppenheimer, Sefton 
Park, Stoke Poges, Bucks. ; Mrs. Osborne, }f}^, Wilton Place Knightsbridge S.W. 

Airs. Paul, Redcot, Knock, Belfast ; Mrs. Paul, Lis-na-rede, Poria\ o, Donaghadec ; 
Air. Palmer- Morewood, Alfreton Park, Derby ; Airs. Cieo. Pauling, The Lodge, 
Edingham, Surrey ; Colonel and Mrs. Park, Moieton Hcuise Aloreton, Dorchester ; 
Airs. Parker, Henburv House, \\ iinborne, Dorset ; Airs. Penrose, Lismore Castle, 
Lismore, \V aterford ; Airs. Price, 8, Louisa Terrace, Flxmouth, Devon ; Mrs. 
Punchon, Ingleby House, Ingleby Cross, Northallerton. 

93 



hisi of Hosts and Hositsses — conttnuecl 

Lady Raphael, Hockley Sole, near Folkestone ; Lady Raglan, Government House, Isle of 
Man ; jMrs. Alec L. Rea, Keldwith, Windermere ; Mrs. Robinson, The Deaner}-, 
Wells, Somerset ; Mrs. Rickards, 20, Southwell Gardens, S.W.7 ;Miss /Vnstruther 
Ritchie, Hope Lodge, Moffatt ; Mrs. Rodd, Trebartha Hall, Launceston, Cornwall ; 
Mrs. Rogers, Glen Tor, Torrington, North Devon ; Mrs. Freeman Roper, Fordc 
Abbey, Chard, Somerset ; Royal Colonial Institute, Leicester ; Duchess of Rutland, 
Loan of cottage : West Lodge, Aldwick, Bognor. 

Rev. Ralph Sadler, The Homestead, Oulton Broad, Suffolk ; Mr. Francis Samuelson, 
Breckenbrough Hall, Thirsk, Yorks. ; Mrs. A. M. Schreibcr, Mascot Grange, 
Watford ; Baroness Schroder, Attadale House, Strathcarron, Rosshire ; Rev. C. S. 
Scroggs, 34, Rectory Road, Stoke Newington, N.16 ; Mrs. Seligman, Redlands, 
Branksomc Park, Bournemouth ; Countess of Seafield, Cullen House, Cullen, 
Banffshire ; Mrs. Selman, Kingston Langley, Chippenham, Wilts. ; Professor J. 
Seth, 20, Braid Avenue, Edinburgh ; Mrs. Courtney Shillington, Glenmachen Tower, 
Strandtown, Belfast ; Mrs. Shrimpton, Mayo, Picton yVvenue, Porthcawl ; Mrs. 
Simonds, yVudley Wood, Basingstoke ; Mrs. Wilmot Sitwell, Stainsby House, 
Smalley, Derby ; Mrs. Smellic, Wilmhurst, Weybridgc ; R. Smith, Rose' Cottage, 
Kingsomborne, Hants. ; Mrs. Solly, West Heath, Conglcton, Cheshire ; Lady 
St. Helier, Portman Place, W. ; Mrs. F. W. Stobart, Hromham Hall, near Bedford ; 
Mrs. Stephens, Granville Lodge, Aboyne, N.B. ; Mrs. J. P. Stockley, Upover, Cold 
Ash, near Newbur}- ; Miss C. Stoeht, Down End, Hindhead, Haslemerc ; Mrs. 
Storey, Ingledene, Ineanddun Bay ; Mrs. R. H. Storey, Bishopswood, Ross-on-Wye, 
Herfordshire ; Airs. S. M. Storey, Bailrigg, Lancaster ; Lady Stucley, Hartland 
Abbey, North Devon ; Mrs. Stucley, Moreton House, Bideford, North Devon ; 
Mrs. Napier Sturt, yVbcrcynrig, Brecon, South Wales ; Mrs. De Sullivant, The 
Village House, Sevenoaks ; W. N. Sturdy, Pax Hill Park, Lindfield, Sussex. 

Mrs. Taylor, 18, Lennox Gardens, S.W. ; Mrs. Theobald, ly, Cornwallis Gardens, 
Hastings ; j. S. Tregoning, Landau, Launceston, Cornwall ; Mrs. Robert Thompson, 
Bentha House, Maloncy Road, Belfast ; Mrs. James Thompson, Penrhyn, Strand- 
town, Belfast. 

Mr. Wadman, Priesthawcs, Westham, Pevensey ; Lady Clementine Waring, Lennel 
Coldstream, N.B. ; Lady Watson, Escrick Park, Yorks. ; C. H. Weston, Leconficld, 
Bonchurch, Ventnor, I. of Wight ; Mrs. Whalley, 30, South Street, Mayfair, W. ; 
Mrs. \\h alley, Hellcns, Much JNlarcIc, a ia Gloucester ; Mrs. Whalley, Craig-y-don, 
Llanfaelog, Anglesey ; Mrs. Wolryche W hitmore, Theydden Grange, Alton, Hants. ; 
Mrs. Arthur Whitting, 4, Cheyne Gardens, Chelsea, S.W. ; Mrs. Williams, The 
Malt House, West Woodhay ; Mrs. Bransby \X illiams, Killay House, Sketty, S.O., 
Glamorgan ; H. H. Williams, Penair, Truro, Cornwall ; Major and Mrs. Williams, 
Scorrier House, Scorricr, Cornwall ; J. C. Williams, Caerhays Castle, Gorran, R.S.O., 
Cornwall ; Lady W yndham-Quin, Castletown, Carrick-on-Suir, Waterford ; 
W. Barton Worthington, Kirkstyles, Duffield, Derbyshire ; A. H. Winder, Mount 
Kirdon, Cork; Mrs. Wise, Belleville Park, Cappoquin ; Mrs. Williams, Sheridan 
Villa, Lisburn Road, Belfast. 



94 



ERRATA 

Page 28 8th line— Miss "Elise" Kingman 
47 10th line— "they're" 
78 19th line— "tranquillity" 

80 Miss "June" Allen 
Miss "Mary" Bell 

"Miss" Clipperton 
Miss "M." Dew 

81 Mrs. "Easdale" 
Miss "Elise" Kingman 

82 Lady "Loomis" 

83 "Miss" Phyllis Taylor 

84 Miss Carey ("Rochester") 

85 Mrs. "Melville" Hogg 

86 Mrs. "Manly" Sims 

88 Miss "Wheat" 

89 Dowager Countess "Crawford" 
92 Mrs. "Bulkeley" 



\ 



The heading "Former Visitors" on page 89 may- 
be explained by the fact that this list — the last to be 
compiled — was drawn up in 1917. There were not 
many new names afterwards. Mrs. R. W. Reford 
may be mentioned as having visited for a time at 
the Duchess of Connaught Canadian Red Cross 
Hospital, which stood in the beautiful grounds of 
Lord and Lady Astor at Cliveden. Lady Astor, 
though not on the list **of our visitors" was friend 
to every wounded soldier in those long hospital 
wards. Lady Drummond will be grateful if any 
who remember names omitted will forward them to 
her at 3432 Drummond Street, Montreal. 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



HV 

580 

C23C3 



Carr, lona K 

A story of the Canadian 
Red Cross Information 
Bureau during the Great War